Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Rubus caesius

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantNymphalidaeBrenthis daphne
leafvagrantdoubtfulGeometridaeScopula nigropunctata
leafhiddenHesperiidaePyrgus malvae
leafhiddenHesperiidaePyrgus malvoides
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeSiobla ruficornis
stemborerBuprestidaeCoraebus rubi
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus viridicaerulans
stemgallBuprestidaeAgrilus cuprescens
leafvagrantCicadellidaeMacropsis brabantica
leafvagrantCicadellidaeRibautiana debilis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeMacropsis fuscula
leafvagrantCicadellidaeRibautiana tenerrima
stemscalePseudococcidaeCoccura comari
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeBatophila rubi
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeBatophila aerata
flowerborerNitidulidaeMeligethes denticulatus
leafoviposition scarArgidaeArge gracilicornis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeMacrophya rufipes
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeMacrophya diversipes
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeMacrophya montana
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEmpria aridicola
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEmpria tridens
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTaxonus agrorum
leafhiddenTortricidaeAncylis comptana
leafhiddenTortricidaeNotocelia uddmanniana
stemgallDothidealesParaconiothyrium fuckelii
leafhiddenTortricidaePandemis dumetana
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAbacarus pliszki
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAnthocoptes rubi
leafvagrantDiptilomiopidaeDiptacus caesius
stemborerProdoxidaeLampronia luzella
stemborerProdoxidaeLampronia flavimitrella
leafscaleAleyrodidaeNeopealius rubi
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAsterobemisia carpini
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleyrodes lonicerae
leafvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphum funestum
stemvagrantOrtheziidaeOrthezia urticae
stemscaleCoccidaeParthenolecanium corni
stemscaleDiaspididaeAulacaspis rosae
leafgallEriophyidaeEriophyes rubicolens
leafvagrantAphididaeAmphorophora rubi
leafvagrantspring generationAphididaeSitobion fragariae
systemicvagrantAphididaeAphis ruborum
flowergallCecidomyiidaeContarinia rubicola
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera aphanis
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora rubi
leafleaf spotVenturialesColeroa chaetomium
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura plicatrix
leafgallEriophyidaeEpitrimerus gibbosus
leafgallEriophyidaePhyllocoptes gracilis
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza idaeiana
leafminerNepticulidaeEctoedemia erythrogenella
leafminerNepticulidaeEctoedemia rubivora
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella aurella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella pretiosa
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella splendidissimella
leafminerTenthredinidaeMetallus pumilus
leafminerTischeriidaeCoptotriche heinemanni
leafminerTischeriidaeCoptotriche marginea
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesKuehneola uredinis
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesPhragmidium bulbosum
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesPhragmidium violaceum
leafvagrantEriophyidaeCalepitrimerus chamaemori
leafvagrantEriophyidaeEpitrimerus rubi
stemgallCecidomyiidaeLasioptera rubi
stemgallCynipidaeDiastrophus rubi


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 8.v.2021