organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
stem borer Prodoxidae Lampronia luzella
stem borer larva Rhynchitidae Neocoenorrhinus germanicus
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Neopealius rubi
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleyrodes lonicerae
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Asterobemisia carpini
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleurotrachelus rhamnicola
stem scale Diaspididae Aulacaspis rosae
stem gall Buprestidae Agrilus cuprescens
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Sphaerulina westendorpii
leaf vagrant Triozidae Phylloplecta trisignata
fruit gall Eriophyidae Acalitus essigi
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia rubicola
leaf down Erysiphales Podosphaera aphanis
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora rubi
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura plicatrix
leaf gall Eriophyidae Epitrimerus gibbosus
leaf gall Eriophyidae Eriophyes rubicolens
leaf gall Eriophyidae Phyllocoptes gracilis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza idaeiana
leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria praelatella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia erythrogenella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia rubivora
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella aurella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella auromarginella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella pretiosa
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella splendidissimella
leaf miner Tenthredinidae Metallus pumilus
leaf miner Tischeriidae Coptotriche heinemanni
leaf miner Tischeriidae Coptotriche marginea
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Kuehneola uredinis
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Phragmidium bulbosum
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Phragmidium violaceum
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Mainsia urediniformis
leaf vagrant Aphididae Amphorophora rubi
leaf vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum funestum
leaf vagrant spring generation Aphididae Sitobion fragariae
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Calepitrimerus chamaemori
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Lasioptera rubi
stem gall Cynipidae Diastrophus rubi
stem gall Rhizobiales Agrobacterium tumefaciens
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aulacorthum circumflexum
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aulacorthum solani
systemic vagrant Aphididae Aphis ruborum


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


mod 28.viii.2019