Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Rubus idaeus

raspberry

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePerineura rubi
leafvagrantdoubtfulArgidaeArge cyanocrocea
leafvagrantArgidaeSterictiphora furcata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTaxonus alboscutellatus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEmpria longicornis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeRhogogaster punctulata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeMacrophya blanda
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEmpria tridens
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeClaremontia alternipes
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeCladius brullei
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo ferruginea
stemborerCephidaeHartigia nigra
leafhiddenPamphilidaePamphilius hortorum
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTaxonus agrorum
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeMonophadnoides ruficruris
leafhiddenTortricidaeAncylis comptana
leafhiddenrarelyTortricidaeAncylis unculana
leafhiddenTortricidaeCelypha lacunana
leafhiddenTortricidaeOrthotaenia undulana
leafhiddenTortricidaeLepteucosma huebneriana
leafhiddenTortricidaeNotocelia uddmanniana
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis spectrana
leafhiddenTortricidaeEulia ministrana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips rosana
leafhiddenTortricidaeChoristoneura hebenstreitella
leafhiddenTortricidaeSyndemis musculana
leafhiddenTortricidaeLozotaenia forsterana
leafhiddenTortricidaeCapua vulgana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris rufana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris variegana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris sparsana
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAnthocoptes rubi
leafvagrantEriophyidaePhyllocoptes rubi
stemborerProdoxidaeLampronia luzella
flowerboreryounger larvaProdoxidaeLampronia corticella
leaf budborerolder larvaProdoxidaeLampronia corticella
stemborerProdoxidaeLampronia flavimitrella
leafgalllarvaRhynchitidaeByctiscus betulae
stemborerlarvaRhynchitidaeNeocoenorrhinus germanicus
stemgallBuprestidaeAgrilus cuprescens
leafleaf spotCapnodialesSphaerulina westendorpii
stemborerAnthomyiidaePegomya rubivora
systemicvagrantAphididaeAphis ruborum
fruitgallEriophyidaeAcalitus essigi
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera aphanis
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora rubi
leafleaf spotVenturialesColeroa chaetomium
leafgallAphididaeAmphorophora idaei
leafgallAphididaeAphis idaei
leafgallCecidomyiidaeBuhriella rubicola
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura plicatrix
leafgallEriophyidaeEpitrimerus gibbosus
leafgallEriophyidaePhyllocoptes gracilis
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza idaeiana
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza sulfuriceps
leafminerNepticulidaeEctoedemia erythrogenella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella aurella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella pretiosa
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella splendidissimella
leafminerTenthredinidaeMetallus albipes
leafminerTenthredinidaeMetallus pumilus
leafminerTischeriidaeCoptotriche heinemanni
leafminerTischeriidaeCoptotriche marginea
leafoviposition scarArgidaeArge gracilicornis
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesPhragmidium rubi-idaei
leafvagrantrarelyAphididaeAmphorophora rubi
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculus schlechtendali
leafvagrantEriophyidaeCalepitrimerus chamaemori
stemborerCecidomyiidaeResseliella theobaldi
stemgallCecidomyiidaeLasioptera rubi
stemgalldoubtfulCynipidaeAulacidea rubi
stemgallCynipidaeDiastrophus rubi
stemgallSesiidaePennisetia hylaeiformis

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 3.v.2020