Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Rubus ulmifolius

synonym: Rubus discolor, inermis, minutiflorus, rusticanus

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantGeometridaeAscotis fortunata
predatorEulophidaeChrysocharis gemma
predatorEulophidaeChrysocharis nitetis
predatorEulophidaeMinotetrastichus frontalis
predatorEulophidaeChrysocharis pentheus
leafvagrantPentatomidaePeribalus strictus
fruitvagrantCoreidaeCoreus marginatus
leafvagrantNoctuidaePhlogophora cabrali
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips rosana
leafvagrantErebidaeOcneria rubea
leafvagrantDrepanidaeCilix glaucata
leafvagrantErebidaeDysgonia algira
leafvagrantGeometridaeScopula guancharia
leafhiddenHesperiidaePyrgus malvoides
leafvagrantdoubtfulTenthredinidaePristiphora pallidiventris
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora atlantica
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeCladius brullei
stemborerBuprestidaeAcmaeodera pulchra
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips flavus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeBatophila aerata
stemborerCephidaeHartigia helleri
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis coriacanus
leafhiddenTortricidaeLobesia reliquana
leafscaleAleyrodidaeNeopealius rubi
leafscaleAleyrodidaeBemisia afer
leafscaleAleyrodidaeBemisia tabaci
stemscaleDiaspididaeAulacaspis rosae
leafgallEriophyidaePhyllocoptes gracilis
leafvagrantTriozidaePhylloplecta trisignata
leafvagrantAphididaeAmphorophora rubi
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera aphanis
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura plicatrix
leafgallEriophyidaeEpitrimerus gibbosus
leafminermainNepticulidaeEctoedemia erythrogenella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella aurella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella auromarginella
leafminerTischeriidaeCoptotriche longiciliatella
leafminerTischeriidaeCoptotriche marginea
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesKuehneola uredinis
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesPhragmidium bulbosum
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesPhragmidium violaceum
leafvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphum funestum
stemgallCecidomyiidaeLasioptera rubi
stemgallCynipidaeDiastrophus rubi
systemicvagrantAphididaeAphis ruborum
stemvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMacrosiphum rosae
leafvagrantspring generationAphididaeSitobion fragariae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 30.v.2022