Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Rubus ulmifolius

synonym: Rubus discolor, inermis, minutiflorus, rusticanus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus osorio
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus affinis
stem borer Buprestidae Ptosima undecimmaculata
stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus viridicaerulans
flower gall Curculionidae Anthonomus rubi
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Deroplia annulicornis
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Bryobia rubrioculus
stem borer Cephidae Phylloecus faunus
leaf vagrant Geometridae Ascotis fortunata
predator Eulophidae Chrysocharis gemma
predator Eulophidae Chrysocharis nitetis
predator Eulophidae Minotetrastichus frontalis
predator Eulophidae Chrysocharis pentheus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Peribalus strictus
fruit vagrant Coreidae Coreus marginatus
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Phlogophora cabrali
leaf hidden Tortricidae Archips rosana
leaf vagrant Erebidae Ocneria rubea
leaf vagrant Drepanidae Cilix glaucata
leaf vagrant Erebidae Dysgonia algira
leaf vagrant Geometridae Scopula guancharia
leaf hidden Hesperiidae Pyrgus malvoides
leaf vagrant doubtful Tenthredinidae Pristiphora pallidiventris
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Pristiphora atlantica
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Cladius brullei
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeodera pulchra
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips flavus
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Batophila aerata
leaf hidden Tortricidae Clepsis coriacanus
leaf hidden Tortricidae Lobesia reliquana
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Neopealius rubi
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Bemisia afer
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Bemisia tabaci
stem scale Diaspididae Aulacaspis rosae
leaf gall Eriophyidae Phyllocoptes gracilis
leaf vagrant Triozidae Phylloplecta trisignata
leaf vagrant Aphididae Amphorophora rubi
leaf down Erysiphales Podosphaera aphanis
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura plicatrix
leaf gall Eriophyidae Epitrimerus gibbosus
leaf miner main Nepticulidae Ectoedemia erythrogenella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella aurella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella auromarginella
leaf miner Tischeriidae Coptotriche longiciliatella
leaf miner Tischeriidae Coptotriche marginea
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Kuehneola uredinis
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Phragmidium bulbosum
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Phragmidium violaceum
leaf vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum funestum
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Lasioptera rubi
stem gall Cynipidae Diastrophus rubi
systemic vagrant Aphididae Aphis ruborum
stem vagrant summer generation Aphididae Macrosiphum rosae
leaf vagrant spring generation Aphididae Sitobion fragariae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 1.xii.2023