Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Ulmus

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantNymphalidaeNymphalis xanthomelas
leafvagrantNymphalidaeNymphalis polychloros
leafvagrantGeometridaeErannis defoliaria
leafvagrantNymphalidaePolygonia c-album
leafvagrantGeometridaeAlsophila aescularia
leafvagrantGeometridaeEnnomos alniaria
leafvagrantLycaenidaeSatyrium w-album
stemborerCossidaeCossus cossus
leafvagrantSphingidaeMimas tiliae
stemborerBuprestidaeMelanophila cuspidata
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus angustulus
stemborerdoubtfulBuprestidaeAgrilus macroderus
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia diadema
stemborerBuprestidaeAcmaeoderella adspersula
stemborerBuprestidaeAcmaeoderella densisquamis
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia umbellatarum
stemborerBuprestidaeAcmaeoderella despecta
stemborerBuprestidaeAcmaeoderella flavofasciata
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia myrmidon
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia hackeri
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia deaurata
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia tuerki
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus roscidus
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia senicula
stemborerBuprestidaeDicerca aenea
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus auricollis
stemborerBuprestidaeAcmaeodera cylindrica
stemborerBuprestidaeLamprodila solieri
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia manca
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia scutellaris
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia semicuprea
stemborerBuprestidaeChrysobothris affinis
stemborerBuprestidaeLamprodila mirifica
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEdwardsiana smreczynskii
leafvagrantdoubtfulCicadellidaeEdwardsiana lanternae
leafvagrantCicadellidaeArboridia parvula
leafvagrantCicadellidaeFagocyba cruenta
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEdwardsiana frustrator
leafvagrantadultCicadellidaeAllygus modestus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeArboridia erecta
leafvagrantAcanaloniidaeAcanalonia conica
leafvagrantRicaniidaeRicania speculum
leafvagrantCicadellidaeMacropsis illota
leafvagrantadultCicadellidaeLamprotettix nitidulus
leafvagrantIssidaeIssus coleoptratus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEdwardsiana ampliata
leafvagrantadultCicadellidaeAllygidius furcatus
leafvagrantadultCicadellidaeAllygidius atomarius
leafvagrantadultCicadellidaeAllygidius commutatus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeOrientus ishidae
leafvagrantCicadellidaeRibautiana ognevi
leafvagrantCicadellidaeZygina discolor
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEurhadina ribauti
leafvagrantCaliscelidaeZonocyba bifasciata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEdwardsiana lethierryi
leafvagrantIssidaeAplos simplex
leafvagrantCicadellidaeIassus scutellaris
leafvagrantadultCixiidaeReptalus quinquecostatus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeZygina tiliae
leafvagrantCicadellidaeArboridia velata
leafvagrantCixiidaeHyalesthes scotti
leafvagrantIssidaeThionia simplex
leafvagrantCixiidaeHyalesthes philesakis
leafvagrantadultCixiidaeReptalus melanochaetus
leafvagrantadultCixiidaeReptalus panzeri
leafvagrantCixiidaeCixius cunicularius
leafvagrantCicadellidaeKyboasca bipunctata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeAlebra wahlbergi
leafvagrantCixiidaeHyalesthes luteipes
leafvagrantCicadellidaeMacropsis glandacea
leafvagrantCicadellidaeTautoneura polymitusa
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEdwardsiana ulmiphagus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeRibautiana ulmi
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEdwardsiana plebeja
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEdwardsiana ishidai
leafvagrantCicadellidaeRibautiana cruciata
stemborerCurculionidaeAnisandrus maiche
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus triarmatus
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus jaroschewskyi
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus zaitzevi
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus orientalis
stemborerCurculionidaeErnoporicus caucasicus
stemborerCurculionidaePteleobius kraatzi
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus pygmaeus
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus laevis
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborus dryographus
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborus dispar
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus intricatus
stemborerCurculionidaeTrypodendron signatum
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus sulcifrons
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus mali
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborinus saxesenii
stemborerCurculionidaeXylosandrus germanus
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborus monographus
stemborerrarelyCurculionidaeScolytus rugulosus
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus kirschii
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus ensifer
stemborermainCurculionidaeScolytus multistriatus
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus scolytus
leafvagrantTetranychidaeBryobia ulmophila
leafvagrantTetranychidaeEotetranychus pruni
stemborerCurculionidaeMagdalis caucasica
leafhiddenTortricidaeEpinotia abbreviana
leafvagrantTetranychidaePanonychus ulmi
leafscaleAleyrodidaeBemisia tabaci
stemborerSiricidaeTremex fuscicornis
stemborerSiricidaeTremex alchymista
leafvagrantPhlaeothripidaeLiothrips austriacus
leafvagrantPhlaeothripidaeHaplothrips aculeatus
leafvagrantMiridaeClosterotomus fulvomaculatus
leafvagrantPhlaeothripidaeLiothrips setinodis
leafvagrantThripidaeOxythrips halidayi
leafvagrantThripidaeOxythrips ulmifoliorum
leafvagrantThripidaeDendrothrips degeeri
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeLuperus leonardii
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeLuperus saxonicus
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeLuperus xanthopoda
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeLuperus flavipes
stemscalePseudococcidaeRitsemia pupifera
leaf budhiddenThripidaeTaeniothrips inconsequens
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeXanthogaleruca luteola
stemborerCurculionidaeMagdalis armigera
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura melanocephala
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeCladius ulmi
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeCladius rufipes
stemborerXiphydryiidaeXiphydria camelus
stemborerXiphydryiidaeXiphydria prolongata
stemborerXiphydryiidaeXiphydria longicollis
leafhiddenChimabachidaeDiurnea fagella
leafhiddenTortricidaeAncylis upupana
stemscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus aceris
stemscaleDiaspididaeDiaspidiotus wuenni
leafhiddenTortricidaeOrthotaenia undulana
leafhiddenPyralidaePleuroptya ruralis
fruitunknowndoubtfulTortricidaePammene ignorata
leafhiddenGelechiidaeCarpatolechia fugacella
leafhiddenYpsolophidaeYpsolopha vittella
leafhiddenTortricidaeEpinotia abbreviana
leafhiddenYpsolophidaeYpsolopha parenthesella
leafhiddenGelechiidaeCarpatolechia fugitivella
leafhiddenPyralidaeRhodophaea formosa
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora serratella
stemborerCurculionidaePteleobius vittatus
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis consimilana
leafhiddenTortricidaePandemis heparana
leafhiddenTortricidaeChoristoneura diversana
leafvagrantTingidaeStephanitis pyri
leafhiddenTortricidaeChoristoneura hebenstreitella
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips crataegana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips xylosteana
leafhiddenTortricidaePandemis cerasana
stemborerTortricidaeCydia leguminana
leafhiddenTortricidaePtycholoma lecheana
leafhiddenTortricidaeCapua vulgana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAdoxophyes orana
stemgallHypocrealesNeonectria ditissima
stemscaleDiaspididaeDiaspidiotus ostreaeformis
leafhiddenTortricidaeTortricodes alternella
leafhiddenTortricidaeExapate congelatella
stemborerTortricidaePhtheochroa schreibersiana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris kochiella
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris variegana
leafhiddenTortricidaeDitula angustiorana
leafvagrantDiptilomiopidaeRhyncaphytoptus gallicolus
leafvagrantEriophyidaeTetra ulmi
leafvagrantDiptilomiopidaeRhyncaphytoptus ulmicola
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria novitia
leafvagrantEriophyidaeCriotacus mastigophorus
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAnthocoptes galeatus
leafvagrantdoubtfulEriophyidaeAnthocoptes loricatus
leafvagrantEriophyidaeTetra concava
leafvagrantDiptilomiopidaeRhyncaphytoptus ulmivagrans
leafvagrantDiptilomiopidaeRhyncaphytoptus ulmivora
leafvagrantEriophyidaeShevtchenkella ulmi
leafvagrantDiptilomiopidaeRhinophytoptus bagdasariani
leafgalllarvaRhynchitidaeByctiscus betulae
stemscaleCoccidaePulvinaria vitis
leafscaleAleyrodidaeTrialeurodes vaporariorum
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAsterobemisia carpini
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter brunnea
leafvagrantAphididaeTinocallis ulmiparvifoliae
stemscaleDiaspididaeLepidosaphes ulmi
stemscaleDiaspididaeLepidosaphes conchiformis
leafgallArgidaeAproceros leucopoda
stemborerSesiidaeSynanthedon spuleri
stemborerSesiidaeSynanthedon vespiformis
stemborerCecidomyiidaeResseliella quercivora
stemborerPsilidaeChyliza leptogaster
stemscaleCoccidaePulvinaria regalis
leafscaleCoccidaePulvinaria hydrangeae
stemminerNepticulidaeZimmermannia amani
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis craccivora
leaf budgallspring generationmainAphididaeEriosoma lanuginosum
leaf budgallCurculionidaeAnthonomus ulmi
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe kenjiana
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe ulmi var. ulmi
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe ulmi var. ulmi-foliaceae
leafdownErysiphalesPhyllactinia nivea
leafleaf spotCapnodialesCladosporium hypophyllum
leafleaf spotCapnodialesMycosphaerella ulmi
leafgallspring generationAphididaeTetraneura caerulescens
leafgallspring generationAphididaeTetraneura nigriabdominalis
leafgallspring generationAphididaeTetraneura ulmi
leafgallspring generationAphididaeEriosoma anncharlotteae
leafgallspring generationAphididaeEriosoma flavum
leafgallspring generationAphididaeEriosoma grossulariae
leafgallspring generationAphididaeEriosoma lanigerum
leafgallspring generationAphididaeEriosoma patchiae
leafgallspring generationAphididaeEriosoma ulmi
leafgallspring generationAphididaeKaltenbachiella pallida
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis aurantii
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura ulmicola
leafgallCecidomyiidaeJanetiella lemeei
leafgallCecidomyiidaePhysemocecis ulmi
leafgallDiaporthalesApiognomonia errabunda
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria campestricola
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria multistriata
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria ulmi
leafgallPsyllidaeCacopsylla ulmi
leafgallTaphrinalesTaphrina ulmi
leafminerBucculatricidaeBucculatrix albedinella
leafminerBucculatricidaeBucculatrix ulmifoliae
leafminerBuprestidaeTrachys minutus
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora badiipennella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora limosipennella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora violacea
leafminerCurculionidaeOrchestes quedenfeldtii
leafminerCurculionidaeOrchestes alni
leafminerCurculionidaeOrchestes betuleti
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter acaciella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter agilella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter schreberella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter tristrigella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella lemniscella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella ulmiphaga
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella ulmivora
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella viscerella
leafminerNepticulidaeEctoedemia preisseckeri
leafminerPsychidaeApterona gracilis
leafminerTenthredinidaeFenusa altenhoferi
leafminerTenthredinidaeFenusa ulmi
leafminerYponomeutidaeAtemelia torquatella
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
leafvagrantDiptilomiopidaeRhinophytoptus concinnus
stemborerCecidomyiidaeConiophora autumnalis
stemborerCerambycidaeOberea linearis
stemgallDiaspididaeChionaspis salicis
stemgallSantalaceaeViscum album
rootgallsummer generationAphididaeMimeuria ulmiphila
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne arenaria
leafvagrantAphididaeTinocallis takachihoensis
leafvagrantAphididaeTinocallis platani
leafvagrantAphididaeTinocallis saltans
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMyzus persicae
stemscalePseudococcidaePhenacoccus aceris
stemscaleCoccidaeParthenolecanium corni
stemscaleCoccidaeEulecanium tiliae
leafvagrantAphididaeTinocallis nevskyi
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis gossypii
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis spiraecola
stemscaleEriococcidaeGossyparia spuria

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 10.v.2021