Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Ulmus glabra

wych elm

synonym: Ulmus elliptica, montana, scabra

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf miner Ascomycota incertae sedis Stigmella viscerella
leaf vagrant Thripidae Dendrothrips saltatrix
flower predator Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips subtilissimus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Oncopsis krios
stem borer Buprestidae Lamprodila mirifica
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Exocentrus punctipennis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Rosalia alpina
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Mesosa curculionoides
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleuroclava aucubae
stem scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes conchiformis
unknown scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes granati
leaf leaf spot Pleosporales Mycocentrospora acerina
leaf leaf spot Dothideomycetes Asteromella ulmi
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthotylus viridinervis
leaf vagrant Miridae Psallodema fieberi
leaf vagrant Miridae Mermitelocerus schmidtii
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Carpatolechia fugacella
leaf vagrant Limacodidae Heterogenea asella
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Lacanobia w-latinum
flower vagrant Noctuidae Xanthia gilvago
leaf vagrant Erebidae Lymantria dispar
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Amphipyra pyramidea
leaf vagrant Geometridae Colotois pennaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Abraxas sylvata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Operophtera brumata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Venusia blomeri
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Nymphalis polychloros
leaf vagrant Geometridae Erannis defoliaria
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Polygonia c-album
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Satyrium w-album
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia cichorii
stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus auricollis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Alebra wahlbergi
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Edwardsiana ulmiphagus
leaf vagrant Caliscelidae Zonocyba bifasciata
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Ribautiana ognevi
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Ribautiana ulmi
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Edwardsiana plebeja
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Edwardsiana ishidai
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Ribautiana cruciata
stem borer Curculionidae Scolytus triarmatus
stem borer Curculionidae Scolytus laevis
stem borer Curculionidae Ernoporicus caucasicus
stem borer Curculionidae Scolytus ensifer
stem borer Curculionidae Scolytus kirschii
stem borer Curculionidae Scolytus multistriatus
stem borer Curculionidae Scolytus pygmaeus
stem borer Curculionidae Xyleborinus saxesenii
stem borer Curculionidae Xylosandrus germanus
stem borer Curculionidae Scolytus scolytus
stem borer Curculionidae Magdalis caucasica
leaf hidden Tortricidae Epinotia abbreviana
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Panonychus ulmi
leaf vagrant Phlaeothripidae Liothrips austriacus
leaf bud hidden Thripidae Taeniothrips inconsequens
stem borer Curculionidae Magdalis armigera
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Cladius rufipes
leaf hidden Ypsolophidae Ypsolopha vittella
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Carpatolechia fugitivella
leaf hidden Tortricidae Acleris kochiella
leaf vagrant Diptilomiopidae Rhyncaphytoptus ulmicola
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria novitia
leaf vagrant Diptilomiopidae Rhyncaphytoptus ulmivagrans
leaf vagrant Diptilomiopidae Rhyncaphytoptus ulmivora
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Shevtchenkella ulmi
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Phloeospora ulmi
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Asterobemisia carpini
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter brunnea
stem scale Coccidae Parthenolecanium corni
leaf gall Argidae Aproceros leucopoda
stem borer Sesiidae Synanthedon vespiformis
stem borer Psilidae Chyliza leptogaster
stem scale Coccidae Pulvinaria regalis
leaf gall Psyllidae Cacopsylla ulmi
leaf bud gall spring generation Aphididae Eriosoma lanuginosum
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe kenjiana
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe ulmi var. ulmi
leaf gall rarely Aphididae Colopha compressa
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Eriosoma flavum
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Eriosoma grossulariae
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Eriosoma patchiae
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Eriosoma ulmi
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Kaltenbachiella pallida
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Tetraneura caerulescens
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Tetraneura ulmi
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Janetiella lemeei
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Physemocecis ulmi
leaf gall Diaporthales Apiognomonia errabunda
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria campestricola
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria ulmi
leaf gall Taphrinales Taphrina ulmi
leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix ulmifoliae
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora badiipennella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora limosipennella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora serratella
leaf miner Curculionidae Orchestes alni
leaf miner Curculionidae Orchestes betuleti
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter acaciella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter agilella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter schreberella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter tristrigella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella lemniscella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella ulmiphaga
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella ulmivora
leaf miner Tenthredinidae Fenusa ulmi
leaf vagrant Diptilomiopidae Rhinophytoptus concinnus
stem borer Cecidomyiidae Coniophora autumnalis
leaf gall spring generation rarely Aphididae Colopha compressa
leaf vagrant Aphididae Tinocallis takachihoensis
leaf vagrant rarely Aphididae Tinocallis platani
stem scale Coccidae Eulecanium tiliae
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Tetraneura nigriabdominalis
leaf vagrant Aphididae Tinocallis saltans
leaf vagrant Aphididae Tinocallis nevskyi
stem scale Eriococcidae Gossyparia spuria

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 8.i.2024