Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Ulmus glabra

wych elm

synonym: Ulmus elliptica, montana, scabra

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantNoctuidaeLacanobia w-latinum
flowervagrantNoctuidaeXanthia gilvago
leafvagrantErebidaeLymantria dispar
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAmphipyra pyramidea
leafvagrantGeometridaeColotois pennaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeAbraxas sylvata
leafvagrantGeometridaeOperophtera brumata
leafvagrantGeometridaeVenusia blomeri
leafvagrantNymphalidaeNymphalis polychloros
leafvagrantGeometridaeErannis defoliaria
leafvagrantNymphalidaePolygonia c-album
leafvagrantLycaenidaeSatyrium w-album
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia cichorii
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus auricollis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeAlebra wahlbergi
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEdwardsiana ulmiphagus
leafvagrantCaliscelidaeZonocyba bifasciata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeRibautiana ognevi
leafvagrantCicadellidaeRibautiana ulmi
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEdwardsiana plebeja
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEdwardsiana ishidai
leafvagrantCicadellidaeRibautiana cruciata
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus triarmatus
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus laevis
stemborerCurculionidaeErnoporicus caucasicus
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus ensifer
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus kirschii
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus multistriatus
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus pygmaeus
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborinus saxesenii
stemborerCurculionidaeXylosandrus germanus
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus scolytus
stemborerCurculionidaeMagdalis caucasica
leafhiddenTortricidaeEpinotia abbreviana
leafvagrantTetranychidaePanonychus ulmi
leafvagrantPhlaeothripidaeLiothrips austriacus
leaf budhiddenThripidaeTaeniothrips inconsequens
stemborerCurculionidaeMagdalis armigera
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeCladius rufipes
leafhiddenYpsolophidaeYpsolopha vittella
leafhiddenGelechiidaeCarpatolechia fugitivella
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris kochiella
leafvagrantDiptilomiopidaeRhyncaphytoptus ulmicola
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria novitia
leafvagrantDiptilomiopidaeRhyncaphytoptus ulmivagrans
leafvagrantDiptilomiopidaeRhyncaphytoptus ulmivora
leafvagrantEriophyidaeShevtchenkella ulmi
leafleaf spotCapnodialesMycosphaerella ulmi
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAsterobemisia carpini
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter brunnea
stemscaleCoccidaeParthenolecanium corni
leafgallArgidaeAproceros leucopoda
stemborerSesiidaeSynanthedon vespiformis
stemborerPsilidaeChyliza leptogaster
stemscaleCoccidaePulvinaria regalis
leafgallPsyllidaeCacopsylla ulmi
leaf budgallspring generationAphididaeEriosoma lanuginosum
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe kenjiana
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe ulmi var. ulmi
leafgallrarelyAphididaeColopha compressa
leafgallspring generationAphididaeEriosoma flavum
leafgallspring generationAphididaeEriosoma grossulariae
leafgallspring generationAphididaeEriosoma patchiae
leafgallspring generationAphididaeEriosoma ulmi
leafgallspring generationAphididaeKaltenbachiella pallida
leafgallspring generationAphididaeTetraneura caerulescens
leafgallspring generationAphididaeTetraneura ulmi
leafgallCecidomyiidaeJanetiella lemeei
leafgallCecidomyiidaePhysemocecis ulmi
leafgallDiaporthalesApiognomonia errabunda
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria campestricola
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria ulmi
leafgallTaphrinalesTaphrina ulmi
leafminerBucculatricidaeBucculatrix ulmifoliae
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora badiipennella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora limosipennella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora serratella
leafminerCurculionidaeOrchestes alni
leafminerCurculionidaeOrchestes betuleti
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter acaciella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter agilella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter schreberella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter tristrigella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella lemniscella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella ulmiphaga
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella ulmivora
leafminerTenthredinidaeFenusa ulmi
leafvagrantDiptilomiopidaeRhinophytoptus concinnus
stemborerCecidomyiidaeConiophora autumnalis
leafgallspring generationrarelyAphididaeColopha compressa
leafvagrantAphididaeTinocallis takachihoensis
leafvagrantrarelyAphididaeTinocallis platani
stemscaleCoccidaeEulecanium tiliae
leafgallspring generationAphididaeTetraneura nigriabdominalis
leafvagrantAphididaeTinocallis saltans
leafvagrantAphididaeTinocallis nevskyi
stemscaleEriococcidaeGossyparia spuria

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 8.ix.2021