Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Ulmus laevis

european white-elm

synonym: Ulmus effusa, pedunculata

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafhiddenNoctuidaeCosmia diffinis
leafhiddenNoctuidaeCosmia affinis
leafvagrantErebidaeCalliteara pudibunda
leafvagrantNymphalidaeNymphalis polychloros
leafvagrantNymphalidaePolygonia c-album
leafvagrantLycaenidaeSatyrium w-album
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia semicuprea
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia tuerki
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus auricollis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeRibautiana ognevi
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia deaurata
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia hackeri
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia manca
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEdwardsiana ulmiphagus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeArboridia parvula
leafvagrantCicadellidaeMacropsis glandacea
leafvagrantIssidaeThionia simplex
leafvagrantCicadellidaeRibautiana ulmi
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEdwardsiana ishidai
leafvagrantCicadellidaeRibautiana cruciata
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus jaroschewskyi
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus sulcifrons
stemborerCurculionidaePteleobius kraatzi
stemborerCurculionidaePteleobius vittatus
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus ensifer
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus kirschii
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus multistriatus
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus orientalis
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus pygmaeus
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus intricatus
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus laevis
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborus monographus
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus scolytus
leafvagrantThripidaeOxythrips halidayi
stemborerCurculionidaeMagdalis armigera
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeCladius rufipes
fruitunknowndoubtfulTortricidaePammene ignorata
leafvagrantDiptilomiopidaeRhyncaphytoptus gallicolus
leafvagrantEriophyidaeTetra ulmi
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAnthocoptes galeatus
leafvagrantdoubtfulEriophyidaeAnthocoptes loricatus
leafvagrantDiptilomiopidaeRhyncaphytoptus ulmivagrans
leafvagrantDiptilomiopidaeRhyncaphytoptus ulmivora
leaf budgallCurculionidaeAnthonomus ulmi
leafleaf spotCapnodialesMycosphaerella ulmi
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAsterobemisia carpini
stemscaleCoccidaeParthenolecanium corni
leafgallArgidaeAproceros leucopoda
leafgallspring generationAphididaeKaltenbachiella pallida
leafgallspring generationdoubtfulAphididaeEriosoma ulmi
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe kenjiana
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe ulmi var. ulmi
leafdownErysiphalesPhyllactinia nivea
leafgallAphididaeColopha compressa
leafgallspring generationrarelyAphididaeTetraneura ulmi
leafgallCecidomyiidaeJanetiella lemeei
leafgallCecidomyiidaePhysemocecis ulmi
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria campestricola
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria multistriata
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria ulmi
leafgallPsyllidaeCacopsylla ulmi
leafgallTaphrinalesTaphrina ulmi
leafminerBucculatricidaeBucculatrix ulmifoliae
leafminerBuprestidaeTrachys minutus
leafminerCurculionidaeOrchestes alni
leafminerCurculionidaeOrchestes betuleti
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter acaciella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter agilella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter schreberella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter tristrigella
leafminerNepticulidaeEctoedemia preisseckeri
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella lemniscella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella ulmivora
leafminerTenthredinidaeFenusa altenhoferi
leafvagrantDiptilomiopidaeRhinophytoptus concinnus
leafgallspring generationAphididaeColopha compressa
leafvagrantAphididaeTinocallis platani
stemscakeEriococcidaeGossyparia spuria
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 20.viii.2021