Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Ulmus minor

small-leaved elm

synonym: Ulmus carpinifolia & subsp. suberosa, densa, foliacea, suberosa

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantNymphalidaeNymphalis polychloros
leafvagrantNymphalidaePolygonia c-album
leafvagrantLycaenidaeSatyrium w-album
leafvagrantGeometridaeAlsophila aescularia
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia tuerki
stemborerBuprestidaeMelanophila cuspidata
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia umbellatarum
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia manca
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia hackeri
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia deaurata
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus auricollis
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus angustulus
stemborerdoubtfulBuprestidaeAgrilus macroderus
stemborerBuprestidaeAcmaeodera cylindrica
stemborerBuprestidaeLamprodila mirifica
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEdwardsiana ulmiphagus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeRibautiana ulmi
leafvagrantCaliscelidaeZonocyba bifasciata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeOrientus ishidae
leafvagrantadultCicadellidaeAllygidius furcatus
leafvagrantadultCixiidaeReptalus quinquecostatus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeIassus scutellaris
leafvagrantCicadellidaeZygina tiliae
leafvagrantCicadellidaeArboridia velata
leafvagrantCixiidaeHyalesthes scotti
leafvagrantCicadellidaeAlebra wahlbergi
leafvagrantCixiidaeHyalesthes luteipes
leafvagrantCicadellidaeMacropsis glandacea
leafvagrantCicadellidaeKyboasca bipunctata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeTautoneura polymitusa
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEdwardsiana ishidai
leafvagrantCicadellidaeRibautiana cruciata
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus jaroschewskyi
stemborerCurculionidaeAnisandrus maiche
stemborerCurculionidaePteleobius kraatzi
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus orientalis
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus sulcifrons
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus zaitzevi
stemborermainCurculionidaeScolytus multistriatus
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus intricatus
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus pygmaeus
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus laevis
stemborerrarelyCurculionidaeScolytus rugulosus
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus kirschii
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus scolytus
leafvagrantTetranychidaeEotetranychus pruni
stemborerCurculionidaeMagdalis caucasica
leafvagrantTetranychidaeTetranychus urticae
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeLuperus leonardii
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeXanthogaleruca luteola
stemborerCurculionidaeMagdalis armigera
stemborerXiphydryiidaeXiphydria camelus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeCladius rufipes
stemborerXiphydryiidaeXiphydria longicollis
leafhiddenChimabachidaeDiurnea fagella
leafhiddenTortricidaeAncylis upupana
leafhiddenPyralidaePleuroptya ruralis
leafhiddenGelechiidaeCarpatolechia fugacella
leafhiddenTortricidaeEpinotia abbreviana
leafhiddenYpsolophidaeYpsolopha parenthesella
leafhiddenPyralidaeRhodophaea formosa
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora serratella
stemborerCurculionidaePteleobius vittatus
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips crataegana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips xylosteana
leafhiddenTortricidaePandemis cerasana
leafhiddenTortricidaePtycholoma lecheana
leafhiddenTortricidaeTortricodes alternella
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris kochiella
leafvagrantEriophyidaeTetra concava
leafvagrantDiptilomiopidaeRhyncaphytoptus ulmivagrans
leafvagrantEriophyidaeShevtchenkella ulmi
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter brunnea
stemscaleCoccidaePulvinaria regalis
stemscaleDiaspididaeLepidosaphes conchiformis
stemscaleEriococcidaeGossyparia spuria
leafgallArgidaeAproceros leucopoda
stemborerPsilidaeChyliza leptogaster
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis craccivora
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
leaf budgallspring generationmainAphididaeEriosoma lanuginosum
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe kenjiana
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe ulmi var. ulmi
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe ulmi var. ulmi-foliaceae
leafdownErysiphalesPhyllactinia nivea
leafleaf spotCapnodialesCladosporium hypophyllum
leafgallrarelyAphididaeColopha compressa
leafgallspring generationAphididaeEriosoma anncharlotteae
leafgallspring generationAphididaeEriosoma flavum
leafgallspring generationAphididaeEriosoma grossulariae
leafgallspring generationAphididaeEriosoma ulmi
leafgallspring generationAphididaeKaltenbachiella pallida
leafgallspring generationAphididaeTetraneura caerulescens
leafgallspring generationAphididaeTetraneura nigriabdominalis
leafgallspring generationAphididaeTetraneura ulmi
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura ulmicola
leafgallCecidomyiidaeJanetiella lemeei
leafgallCecidomyiidaePhysemocecis ulmi
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria campestricola
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria ulmi
leafgallPsyllidaeCacopsylla ulmi
leafgallTaphrinalesTaphrina ulmi
leafminerBucculatricidaeBucculatrix albedinella
leafminerBucculatricidaeBucculatrix ulmifoliae
leafminerBuprestidaeTrachys minutus
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora badiipennella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora limosipennella
leafminermainCurculionidaeOrchestes alni
leafminerCurculionidaeOrchestes betuleti
leafminerCurculionidaeOrchestes quedenfeldtii
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter acaciella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter agilella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter schreberella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter tristrigella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella lemniscella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella ulmivora
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella viscerella
leafminerPsychidaeApterona gracilis
leafminerTenthredinidaeFenusa altenhoferi
leafminerTenthredinidaeFenusa ulmi
leafminerYponomeutidaeAtemelia torquatella
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
stemborerCecidomyiidaeConiophora autumnalis
leafgallspring generationrarelyAphididaeColopha compressa
leafvagrantrarelyAphididaeTinocallis platani
leafvagrantAphididaeTinocallis saltans
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMyzus persicae
rootgallsummer generationAphididaeMimeuria ulmiphila
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis gossypii
leafgallspring generationAphididaeEriosoma patchiae
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis aurantii
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis spiraecola
leafvagrantAphididaeTinocallis nevskyi

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 10.v.2021