Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Ulmus minor

small-leaved elm

synonym: Ulmus carpinifolia & subsp. suberosa, densa, foliacea, suberosa

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
stem borer Buprestidae Lamprodila solieri
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeodera crinita
leaf pustule Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips subtilissimus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Stenopterus rufus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Clytus rhamni
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Mesosa nebulosa
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Stenostola dubia
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Chlorophorus sartor
leaf leaf spot Dermateaceae Gloeosporium inconspicuum
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Exocentrus punctipennis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Anaglyptus mysticus
stem borer Cerambycidae Saperda punctata
leaf gall Unknown code! Aphididae Eriosoma pyricola
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Orthosia gothica
leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix ulmicola
stem scale Coccidae Eulecanium tiliae
stem scale Coccidae Parthenolecanium corni
stem borer Tortricidae Cydia leguminana
leaf leaf spot Camarosporiaceae Camarosporium cruciatum
leaf leaf spot Dothideomycetes Asteromella ulmi
fruit vagrant Coreidae Gonocerus acuteangulatus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Phyllobius pilicornis
leaf vagrant Limacodidae Heterogenea asella
leaf leaf spot Dothideales Dothidella ulmi
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Naenia typica
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Melanchra persicariae
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Orthosia cerasi
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Egira conspicillaris
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Meganephria bimaculosa
leaf hidden Noctuidae Cosmia affinis
leaf hidden Noctuidae Cosmia diffinis
leaf hidden Noctuidae Eupsilia transversa
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Conistra vaccinii
flower vagrant Noctuidae Tiliacea sulphurago
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Mormo maura
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Cosmia pyralina
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Cosmia trapezina
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Cosmia confinis
flower vagrant Noctuidae Xanthia gilvago
flower vagrant Noctuidae Agrochola circellaris
leaf vagrant Saturniidae Saturnia pavoniella
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Amphipyra pyramidea
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Amphipyra perflua
leaf vagrant Geometridae Colotois pennaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Erannis defoliaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Agriopis bajaria
leaf vagrant Erebidae Euproctis chrysorrhoea
leaf vagrant Geometridae Epirrita christyi
leaf vagrant Geometridae Operophtera brumata
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Nymphalis polychloros
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Polygonia c-album
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Satyrium w-album
leaf vagrant Geometridae Alsophila aescularia
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia tuerki
stem borer Buprestidae Melanophila cuspidata
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia umbellatarum
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia manca
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia hackeri
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia deaurata
stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus auricollis
stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus angustulus
stem borer doubtful Buprestidae Agrilus macroderus
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeodera cylindrica
stem borer Buprestidae Lamprodila mirifica
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Edwardsiana ulmiphagus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Ribautiana ulmi
leaf vagrant Caliscelidae Zonocyba bifasciata
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Orientus ishidae
leaf vagrant adult Cicadellidae Allygidius furcatus
leaf vagrant adult Cixiidae Reptalus quinquecostatus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Iassus scutellaris
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Zygina tiliae
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Arboridia velata
leaf vagrant Cixiidae Hyalesthes scotti
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Alebra wahlbergi
leaf vagrant Cixiidae Hyalesthes luteipes
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Macropsis glandacea
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Kyboasca bipunctata
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Tautoneura polymitusa
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Edwardsiana ishidai
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Ribautiana cruciata
stem borer Curculionidae Scolytus jaroschewskyi
stem borer Curculionidae Anisandrus maiche
stem borer Curculionidae Pteleobius kraatzi
stem borer Curculionidae Scolytus orientalis
stem borer Curculionidae Scolytus sulcifrons
stem borer Curculionidae Scolytus zaitzevi
stem borer main Curculionidae Scolytus multistriatus
stem borer Curculionidae Scolytus intricatus
stem borer Curculionidae Scolytus pygmaeus
stem borer Curculionidae Scolytus laevis
stem borer rarely Curculionidae Scolytus rugulosus
stem borer Curculionidae Scolytus kirschii
stem borer Curculionidae Scolytus scolytus
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Eotetranychus pruni
stem borer Curculionidae Magdalis caucasica
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Tetranychus urticae
leaf vagrant adult Chrysomelidae Luperus leonardii
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Xanthogaleruca luteola
stem borer Curculionidae Magdalis armigera
stem borer Xiphydryiidae Xiphydria camelus
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Cladius rufipes
stem borer Xiphydryiidae Xiphydria longicollis
leaf hidden Chimabachidae Diurnea fagella
leaf hidden Tortricidae Ancylis upupana
leaf hidden Pyralidae Pleuroptya ruralis
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Carpatolechia fugacella
leaf hidden Tortricidae Epinotia abbreviana
leaf hidden Ypsolophidae Ypsolopha parenthesella
leaf hidden Pyralidae Rhodophaea formosa
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora serratella
stem borer Curculionidae Pteleobius vittatus
leaf hidden Tortricidae Archips crataegana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Archips xylosteana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Pandemis cerasana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Ptycholoma lecheana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Tortricodes alternella
leaf hidden Tortricidae Acleris kochiella
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Tetra concava
leaf vagrant Diptilomiopidae Rhyncaphytoptus ulmivagrans
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Shevtchenkella ulmi
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter brunnea
stem scale Coccidae Pulvinaria regalis
stem scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes conchiformis
stem scale Eriococcidae Gossyparia spuria
leaf gall Argidae Aproceros leucopoda
stem borer Psilidae Chyliza leptogaster
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
leaf bud gall spring generation main Aphididae Eriosoma lanuginosum
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe kenjiana
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe ulmi var. ulmi
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe ulmi var. ulmi-foliaceae
leaf down Erysiphales Phyllactinia nivea
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Cladosporium hypophyllum
leaf gall rarely Aphididae Colopha compressa
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Eriosoma anncharlotteae
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Eriosoma flavum
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Eriosoma grossulariae
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Eriosoma ulmi
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Kaltenbachiella pallida
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Tetraneura caerulescens
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Tetraneura nigriabdominalis
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Tetraneura ulmi
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura ulmicola
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Janetiella lemeei
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Physemocecis ulmi
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria campestricola
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria ulmi
leaf gall Psyllidae Cacopsylla ulmi
leaf gall Taphrinales Taphrina ulmi
leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix albedinella
leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix ulmifoliae
leaf miner Buprestidae Trachys minutus
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora badiipennella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora limosipennella
leaf miner main Curculionidae Orchestes alni
leaf miner Curculionidae Orchestes betuleti
leaf miner Curculionidae Orchestes quedenfeldtii
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter acaciella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter agilella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter schreberella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter tristrigella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella lemniscella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella ulmivora
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella viscerella
leaf miner Psychidae Apterona gracilis
leaf miner Tenthredinidae Fenusa altenhoferi
leaf miner Tenthredinidae Fenusa ulmi
leaf miner Yponomeutidae Atemelia torquatella
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum
stem borer Cecidomyiidae Coniophora autumnalis
leaf gall spring generation rarely Aphididae Colopha compressa
leaf vagrant rarely Aphididae Tinocallis platani
leaf vagrant Aphididae Tinocallis saltans
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Myzus persicae
root gall summer generation Aphididae Mimeuria ulmiphila
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis gossypii
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Eriosoma patchiae
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis aurantii
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis spiraecola
leaf vagrant Aphididae Tinocallis nevskyi


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 15.ix.2023