Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Parietaria

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafleaf spotDidymellaceaeAscochyta parietariae
leafleaf spotMycosphaerellaceaeSeptoria urticae var. parietariae
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia parietariae
leafvagrantLygaeidaeHyalochilus dolosus
rootvagrantCydnidaeTritomegas sexmaculatus
leafvagrantMiridaeLiocoris tripustulatus
leafvagrantMiridaeOrthonotus longiceps
leafvagrantCalocoris histrio
leafvagrantMiridaeClosterotomus norwegicus
predatorMiridaeMacrolophus melanotoma
flowervagrantMiridaeClosterotomus trivialis
predatorMiridaeMacrolophus pygmaeus
leafvagrantLygaeidaeHyalochilus ovatulus
leafvagrantMiridaeOrthonotus creticus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeHauptidia maroccana
leafpustulePuccinialesUromyces tenuicutis
stemscalePseudococcidaePlanococcus citri
stemscalePseudococcidaePhenacoccus solenopsis
stemscaleMargarodidaeIcerya purchasi
leafvagrantNoctuidaePeridroma saucia
leafvagrantErebidaeHypena obsitalis
leafvagrantErebidaeHypena lividalis
leafvagrantErebidaeHypena palpalis
leafvagrantErebidaeHypena obesalis
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAbrostola canariensis
leafvagrantdoubtfulNymphalidaeVanessa vulcania
leafvagrantErebidaeDysgonia algira
leafvagrantNymphalidaeVanessa atalanta
leafvagrantNymphalidaeAglais io
leafvagrantNymphalidaePolygonia egea
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx urticae
leafvagrantCicadellidaeHauptidia provincialis
leafvagrantTetranychidaeBryobia vasiljevi
leafvagrantPhlaeothripidaeApterygothrips neolongiceps
leafhiddenPyralidaePleuroptya ruralis
unknownborerlarvaApionidaeTaeniapion delicatulum
leafscaleAleyrodidaeTrialeurodes vaporariorum
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleyrodes elevatus
leafgallAphididaeAphis urticata
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis craccivora
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
leafdownErysiphalesOidiopsis parietariae
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera parietariae
leafleaf spotEntylomatalesEntyloma parietariae
leafgallAphididaeAphis parietariae
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza anthracina
leafminerdoubtfulAgromyzidaeAgromyza pseudoreptans
leafminerrarelyAgromyzidaeAgromyza reptans
leafminerCosmopterigidaeCosmopterix pulchrimella
leafminerCosmopterigidaeCosmopterix turbidella
leafvagrantChoreutidaeAnthophila fabriciana


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 1.ix.2022