Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Malcolmia

Malcolmia virginian stock

Dichotomous table for leafminers

1a pinnately branched gallery, main and secondary branches on top of midrib and side veins: Liriomyza strigata

1b blotch or little, not pinnately branched, gallery; mine not determined by the leaf venation => 2

1c galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species

2a larvae are maggots; mine entirely or partly upper- or lower-surface: Scaptomyza flava

2b larvae with chitinised head; mine full depth => 3

3a larva with abdominal prolegs => 4

3b no prolegs => 5

4a mines < 1 cm; older larvae live free at the underside of the leaf: Plutella xylostella

4b mines larger: Selania leplastriana

5a larva with thoracic legs: Phyllotreta nemorum

5b larva without legs: Ceutorhynchus minutus

Tables for all parasites per species

Last modified 19.ii.2020