Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Arabis

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus rhenanus
unknown unknown Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips tritici
flower predator Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips reuteri
flower hidden Aeolothripidae Melanthrips pallidior
unknown unknown Thripidae Tenothrips anatolicus
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips meridionalis
leaf hidden Crambidae Orenaia alpestralis
leaf hidden Crambidae Orenaia helveticalis
leaf hidden Crambidae Orenaia lugubralis
unknown unknown Plutellidae Eidophasia hufnagelii
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta alpina
fruit leaf spot Leptospaeriaceae Plenodomus lingam
root film Pythiaceae Globisporangium sylvaticum
root film Pythiaceae Pythium sylvaticum
systemic film Pythiaceae Pythium hydnosporum
systemic film Pythiaceae Globisporangium intermedium
unknown unknown Plutellidae Eidophasia hufnagelii
unknown unknown Plutellidae Eidophasia syenitella
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eurydema ornata
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eurydema oleracea
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Neopseudocercosporella capsellae
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eurydema dominulus
leaf vagrant Miridae Adelphocoris lineolatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Calocoris roseomaculatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Notostira elongata
leaf vagrant Miridae Notostira poppiusi
leaf vagrant Miridae Plagiognathus bipunctatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Polymerus cognatus
leaf pustule Pucciniales Puccinia arabidis-conringioidis
unknown unknown Cecidomyiidae Resseliella vespicoloris
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Ammoconia caecimacula
leaf vagrant Pieridae Pontia daplidice
leaf vagrant Pieridae Pieris napi
fruit vagrant Pieridae Anthocharis cardamines
leaf vagrant Pieridae Pieris rapae
leaf vagrant Pieridae Pieris brassicae
unknown unknown Plutellidae Plutella haasi
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta nigripes
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta undulata
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta atra
unknown unknown Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus pravus
leaf hidden Plutellidae Plutella geniatella
leaf vagrant Plutellidae Rhigognostis marmorosella
fruit borer younger larva Adelidae Cauchas albiantennella
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Hauptidia distinguenda
leaf miner Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta nemorum
flower hidden Crambidae Evergestis extimalis
unknown unknown Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus fulvitarsis
unknown unknown Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus schoenherri
stem gall Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus griseus
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus nanus
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta atra
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta cruciferae
unknown unknown Curculionidae Aulacobaris kaufmanni
flower borer Nitidulidae Brassicogethes bithynicus
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta ziegleri
flower borer Nitidulidae Brassicogethes cristofaroi
unknown unknown Chrysomelidae Psylliodes vindobonensis
stem borer Chrysomelidae Psylliodes brisouti
unknown unknown Chrysomelidae Psylliodes instabilis
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta diademata
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta punctulata
leaf vagrant adult Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta procera
leaf gall Aphididae Pseudobrevicoryne leclanti
leaf hidden Tortricidae Aphelia ferugana
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
unknown borer larva Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus unguicularis
root collar borer larva Curculionidae Lixus albomarginatus
stem gall Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus hirtulus
vagrant Aphididae Lipamyzodes matthiolae
systemic borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus dipsaci
fruit gall Urocystidales Thecaphora thlaspeos
flower gall Aphididae Lipaphis rossi
flower gall Aphididae Lipaphis turritella
flower gall Eriophyidae Aceria drabae
flower pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia paulii
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe cruciferarum
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula taurica
leaf down Erysiphales Podosphaera drabae
leaf down Peronosporales Hyaloperonospora arabidis-alpinae
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora arabidis-glabrae
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora arabidis-hirsutae
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora arabidis-turritae
leaf gall Aphididae Brevicoryne brassicae
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura alpestris
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza bryoniae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza xanthocera
leaf miner Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus minutus
leaf miner Drosophilidae Scaptomyza flava
leaf miner Nitidulidae Xenostrongylus lateralis
leaf miner Plutellidae Plutella xylostella
leaf pustule Albuginales Albiginaceae Albugo candida
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia isiacae
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia holboelli
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia thlaspeos
leaf vagrant Aphididae Lipaphis erysimi
stem gall Asterolecaniidae Planchonia arabidis
root collar gall Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus assimilis
root collar gall Plasmodiophorales Plasmodiophora brassicae
root gall Heteroderidae Heterodera cruciferae
root gall Heteroderidae Heterodera goettingiana
root gall Heteroderidae Heterodera schachtii
root pustule Urocystidales Urocystis coralloides
leaf vagrant Aphididae Myzus cymbalariae
systemic vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis spiraephaga


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 4.xii.2023