Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Arabis

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf gall Aphididae Pseudobrevicoryne leclanti
leaf hidden Tortricidae Aphelia ferugana
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
unknown borer larva Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus unguicularis
root collar borer larva Curculionidae Lixus albomarginatus
stem gall Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus hirtulus
vagrant Aphididae Lipamyzodes matthiolae
systemic borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus dipsaci
fruit gall Urocystidales Thecaphora thlaspeos
flower gall Aphididae Lipaphis rossi
flower gall Aphididae Lipaphis turritella
flower gall Eriophyidae Aceria drabae
flower pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia paulii
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe cruciferarum
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula taurica
leaf down Erysiphales Podosphaera drabae
leaf down Peronosporales Hyaloperonospora arabidis-alpinae
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora arabidis-glabrae
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora arabidis-hirsutae
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora arabidis-turritae
leaf gall Aphididae Brevicoryne brassicae
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura alpestris
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza bryoniae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza xanthocera
leaf miner Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus minutus
leaf miner Drosophilidae Scaptomyza flava
leaf miner Nitidulidae Xenostrongylus lateralis
leaf miner Plutellidae Plutella xylostella
leaf pustule Albuginales Albiginaceae Albugo candida
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia isiacae
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia holboelli
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia thlaspeos
leaf vagrant Aphididae Lipaphis erysimi
stem gall Asterolecaniidae Planchonia arabidis
root collar gall Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus assimilis
root collar gall Plasmodiophorales Plasmodiophora brassicae
root gall Heteroderidae Heterodera cruciferae
root gall Heteroderidae Heterodera goettingiana
root gall Heteroderidae Heterodera schachtii
root pustule Urocystidales Urocystis coralloides
leaf vagrant Aphididae Myzus cymbalariae
systemic vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis spiraephaga


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 13.iii.2020