Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Crambe

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
systemicdownSclerotiniaceaeBotrytis cinerea
rootfilmCeratobasidiaceaeRhizoctonia solani
rootfilmPlatygloealesHelicobasidium purpureum
leafleaf spotPhyllostictaceaePhyllosticta crambes
leafvagrantPentatomidaeEurydema oleracea
leafvagrantPentatomidaeEurydema ventralis
leafvagrantMiridaeCalocoris roseomaculatus
leafvagrantMiridaeLygus gemellatus
leafvagrantMiridaePlagiognathus bipunctatus
leafvagrantPentatomidaeEurydema spectabilis
leafvagrantPentatomidaeEurydema fieberi
leafvagrantPentatomidaeEurydema ornata
leafvagrantPieridaePieris cheiranthi
leafvagrantPieridaePieris brassicae
leafvagrantPieridaePieris rapae
flowerborerEurytomidaeEurytoma crambeae
leafminerChrysomelidaePhyllotreta nemorum
unknownunknownChrysomelidaePsylliodes laurisilvae
unknownunknownChrysomelidaePsylliodes hospes
unknownunknownChrysomelidaePsylliodes angusticeps
inquilinePlatystomatidaePlatystoma rufipes
unknownunknownCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus wellschmiedi
unknownunknownCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus arator
leafminerNitidulidaeXenostrongylus titanus
leafminerNitidulidaeXenostrongylus titanus
stemborerChrysomelidaePsylliodes marcida
unknownunknownChrysomelidaePsylliodes crambicola
rootvagrantChrysomelidaePhyllotreta diademata
unknownunknownPyralidaeValdovecaria hispanicella
fruitborerlarvaCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus cakilis
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeLixus canescens
leafscaleAleyrodidaeBemisia tabaci
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleyrodes laurisilvae
leafvagrantAphididaeLipaphis pseudobrassicae
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe cruciferarum
leafdownPeronosporalesHyaloperonospora parasitica
leafgallAphididaeBrevicoryne brassicae
leafgallCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus chalibaeus
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza strigata
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza xanthocera
leafminerCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus minutus
leafminerDrosophilidaeScaptomyza flava
leafminerPlutellidaePlutella xylostella
leafpustuleAlbuginales AlbiginaceaeAlbugo candida
stemborerChrysomelidaePsylliodes napi
stemborerCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus pallidactylus
stemgallCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus coerulescens
root collargallCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus assimilis
root collargallPlasmodiophoralesPlasmodiophora brassicae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 18.ix.2022