Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi


Raphanus radish

(For a dichotomous table for galls on Raphanus by Hans Roskam click here)

Dichotomous table for leafminers

1a corridor, never widening into a blotch => 2

1b blotch, may be preceded by a corridor => 9

1c galls, etc. => Tables for all parasites per species

2a corridor ends upon a thick vein; from there the larva continues as a borer => 3

2b corridor not ending upon a vein => 4

3a larva a maggot: Phytomyza rufipes

3b larva with chitinised head: Ceutorhynchus pallidactylus

4a corridor pinnately branched, main branch overlying the midrib: Liriomyza strigata

4b corridor not pinnately branched, not associated with the midrib => 5

5a mine full depth; larva with chitinised head => 6

5b mine upper- of lower-surface; larva a maggot => 7

6a mine < 1 cm, larva, with feet, later lives free : Plutella xylostella

6b mine > 1 cm, larva, without feet, remains in the mine until short before pupation: Ceutorhynchus minutus

7a frass in discrete grains; puparium in the mine in a, usually lower-surface, pupal chamber: Chromatomyia horticola

7b frass at least partly in strings; pupation outside the mine => 8

8a larva: rear spiraculum with 3 papillae: Liriomyza brassicae

8b rear spiraculum with 7-12 papillae: Liriomyza bryoniae

9a mine at the leaf basis, associated with the galled petiole: Ceutorhynchus napi

9b petiole not galled => 10

10a mine a blotch over, partly also in, the midrib; initially elliptic, later widening => 11

10b mine not associated with the midrib => 12

11a frass powdery, in blackish-green clouds: Scaptomyza flava

11b frass partly in strings: Liriomyza xanthocera

12a mine < 1 cm; larva, with feet, later lives free: Plutella xylostella

12b mine > 1 cm; larva, without feet, in the mine till shortly before pupation: Phyllotreta nemorum

Not included in the key: Cnephasia lineata; Liriomyza trifolii.

Tables for all parasites per species

Last modified 11.iv.2020