Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Raphanus sativus

garden radish

synonym: Raphanus radicula, raphanistrum subsp. sativus

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafleaf spotPleosporaceaeAlternaria brassicae
fruitborerCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus obstrictus
predatorPteromalidaeTrichomalus perfectus
predatorMymaridaeAnaphes arenbergi
predatorMymaridaeAnaphes brachygaster
predatorMymaridaeAnaphes cultripennis
predatorMymaridaeAnaphes fuscipennis
predatorMymaridaeAnaphes regulus
predatorMymaridaeAnaphes tarsalis
leafvagrantPentatomidaeEurydema oleracea
leafleaf spotCapnodialesNeopseudocercosporella capsellae
leafvagrantMiridaeClosterotomus krueperi
leafvagrantNoctuidaeThysanoplusia orichalcea
stemborerNoctuidaeHydraecia micacea
leafvagrantPieridaePieris brassicae
leafvagrantPieridaePieris rapae
leafvagrantPieridaePieris napi
rootvagrantChrysomelidaePhyllotreta atra
rootvagrantChrysomelidaePhyllotreta cruciferae
leafvagrantCicadellidaeZyginidia sohrab
leafvagrantAcanaloniidaeAcanalonia conica
leafminerChrysomelidaePhyllotreta nemorum
flowerhiddenCrambidaeEvergestis extimalis
flowerhiddenAeolothripidaeMelanthrips pallidior
stemborerChrysomelidaePsylliodes chrysocephala
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeColaphellus sophiae
leafhiddenCrambidaeLoxostege sticticalis
rootvagrantChrysomelidaePhyllotreta undulata
rootvagrantChrysomelidaePhyllotreta astrachanica
leafhiddenCrambidaeLoxostege sticticalis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAthalia rosae
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia horticola
flowergallCecidomyiidaeContarinia nasturtii
root collarborerCurculionidaeMelanobaris laticollis
leafvagrantTriozidaeBactericera tremblayi
leafgallspring generationAphididaeMyzus persicae
stemminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia alliariae
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura napi
flowergallCecidomyiidaeGephyraulus raphanistri
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe cruciferarum
leafdownPeronosporalesHyaloperonospora brassicae
leafgallCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus leprieuri
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza bryoniae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza strigata
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza xanthocera
leafminerCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus minutus
leafminerDrosophilidaeScaptomyza flava
leafminerPlutellidaePlutella xylostella
leafpustuleAlbuginales AlbiginaceaeAlbugo candida
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia isiacae
leafvagrantAphididaeLipaphis erysimi
leafvagrantTriozidaeBactericera nigricornis
root collargallCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus assimilis
root collargallPlasmodiophoralesPlasmodiophora brassicae
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne hapla
leafgallAphididaeBrevicoryne brassicae
leafgallAphididaeBrevicoryne brassicae
leafvagrantAphididaeMyzus ascalonicus


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 3.x.2022