Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Capsella bursa-pastoris


synonym: Capsella heegeri, viguieri

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantCicadellidaeAphrodes bicinctus
leafminerChrysomelidaePhyllotreta nemorum
stemgallCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus hirtulus
fruitborerlarvaCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus similis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeGaleruca pomonae
stemborerChrysomelidaePsylliodes chrysocephala
rootvagrantChrysomelidaePsylliodes cuprea
rootvagrantChrysomelidaePhyllotreta atra
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeColaphellus sophiae
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeLixus ochraceus
leafhiddenCrambidaeEvergestis pallidata
leafvagrantTriozidaeBactericera nigricornis
flowerhiddenThripidaeFrankliniella intonsa
fruitborerlarvaCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus typhae
stemborerCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus sulcicollis
leafminerCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus erysimi
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces tabaci
flowervagrantAphididaeSpatulophorus incanae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae solanella
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis sambuci
leafvagrantTriozidaeBactericera tremblayi
stemminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia alliariae
leafvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphum euphorbiae
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis gossypii capsellae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis frangulae beccabungae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae solanella
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura napi
flowergallCecidomyiidaeGephyraulus capsellae
flowergallEriophyidaeAceria drabae
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe cruciferarum
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces orontii
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera drabae
leafdownPeronosporalesHyaloperonospora parasitica
leafgallAphididaeBrevicoryne brassicae
leafgallCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus chalibaeus
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza bryoniae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza xanthocera
leafminerCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus minutus
leafminerDrosophilidaeScaptomyza flava
leafpustuleAlbuginales AlbiginaceaeAlbugo candida
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia isiacae
leafvagrantAphididaeLipaphis erysimi
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis frangulae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis nasturtii
leafvagrantrarelyAphididaeSitobion avenae
leafvagrantAphididaeMyzus ascalonicus
stemgallAsterolecaniidaePlanchonia arabidis
root collargallCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus assimilis
root collargallPlasmodiophoralesPlasmodiophora brassicae
rootgallHeteroderidaeHeterodera avenae
rootgallHeteroderidaeHeterodera goettingiana
rootgallHeteroderidaeHeterodera schachtii
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMyzus persicae
leafvagrantsummer generationrarelyAphididaeRhopalosiphum padi
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis craccivora
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis frangulae frangulae
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis gossypii
stemvagrantrarelyAphididaeAcyrthosiphon pisum
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum solani
root collarvagrantAphididaeBrachycaudus lateralis
leafvagrantsummer generationmainAphididaeBrachycaudus cardui
leafvagrantAphididaeMyzus ornatus


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 17.ii.2021