Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Barbarea vulgaris


synonym: Barbarea lyrata

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantPieridaePieris brassicae
leafvagrantPieridaePieris rapae
leafvagrantPieridaePieris napi
rootvagrantChrysomelidaePhyllotreta cruciferae
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus picitarsis
leafminerChrysomelidaePhyllotreta nemorum
leafhiddenCrambidaeEvergestis pallidata
unknownunknownPlutellidaeRhigognostis kuusamoensis
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia armoraciae
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus barbareae
root collarborerlarvaCurculionidaeLixus myagri
leafminerPlutellidaePlutella xylostella
stemborerCurculionidaeAulacobaris coerulescens
stemborerCurculionidaeAulacobaris lepidii
leafvagrantTriozidaeBactericera nigricornis
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura stelteri
flowergallCecidomyiidaeContarinia nasturtii
flowergallCecidomyiidaeDasineura sisymbrii
flowergallEriophyidaeAceria drabae
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe cruciferarum
leafdownPeronosporalesHyaloperonospora barbareae
leafgallAphididaePseudobrevicoryne buhri
leafgallCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus chalibaeus
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza bryoniae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza xanthocera
leafminerCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus minutus
leafminerDrosophilidaeScaptomyza flava
leafpustuleAlbuginales AlbiginaceaeAlbugo candida
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia isiacae
stemborerChrysomelidaePsylliodes napi
root collargallCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus assimilis
root collargallPlasmodiophoralesPlasmodiophora brassicae
leafgallAphididaeBrevicoryne brassicae
leafvagrantAphididaeLipaphis erysimi
systemicvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis triglochinis


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 27.iv.2021