large bitter-cress

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus cochleariae
stem borer larva Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus pervicax
leaf pustule Albuginales Albiginaceae Albugo candida
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura cardaminis
leaf down Peronosporales Hyaloperonospora nasturtii-aquatici
leaf down Peronosporales Hyaloperonospora parasitica
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura cardaminicola
leaf gall Triozidae Trioza caesaris
leaf gall main Triozidae Trioza rotundata
leaf miner Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus minutus
leaf miner Drosophilidae Scaptomyza flava
leaf pustule Albuginales Albiginaceae Albugo leimonia
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum
stem borer Chrysomelidae Psylliodes napi
stem gall Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus pectoralis
stem gall Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus rapae
root collar gall Plasmodiophorales Plasmodiophora brassicae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


mod 28.v.2019