Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Cardamine pratensis


organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
fruitvagrantPieridaeAnthocharis cardamines
leafvagrantPieridaePieris rapae
leafvagrantPieridaePieris bryoniae
leafvagrantPieridaePieris napi
leafvagrantPlutellidaeRhigognostis senilella
flowerhiddenThripidaeTaeniothrips picipes
flowerborerNitidulidaeBrassicogethes coeruleovirens
rootvagrantChrysomelidaePhyllotreta tetrastigma
rootvagrantChrysomelidaePhyllotreta exclamationis
rootvagrantChrysomelidaePhyllotreta diademata
leafhiddenPlutellidaeEidophasia messingiella
fruitboreryounger larvaAdelidaeCauchas rufimitrella
fruitborerlarvaCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus cochleariae
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus pervicax
stemgallCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus hirtulus
stemgallCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus atomus
root collarvagrantAphididaeMyzotoxoptera wimhurstae
leafpustuleAlbuginales AlbiginaceaeAlbugo candida
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
flowergallCecidomyiidaeDasineura cardaminis
flowergallEriophyidaeAceria drabae
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe cruciferarum
leafdownPeronosporalesHyaloperonospora nasturtii-aquatici
leafminerCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus minutus
leafpustuleAlbuginales AlbiginaceaeAlbugo leimonia
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia cruciferarum
stemborerChrysomelidaePsylliodes napi
stemgallCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus pectoralis
root collargallPlasmodiophoralesPlasmodiophora brassicae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 27.iv.2021