Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Cardamine

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantdoubtfulPieridaePieris mannii
leafvagrantPieridaePontia callidice
leafvagrantPieridaePieris rapae
leafvagrantPieridaePieris napi
fruitvagrantPieridaeAnthocharis cardamines
leafvagrantPieridaePieris brassicae
leafvagrantPieridaePieris bryoniae
leafvagrantPlutellidaeRhigognostis senilella
leafminerChrysomelidaePhyllotreta nemorum
unknownunknownCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus sulcatus
unknownunknownCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus suturellus
unknownborerlarvaCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus unguicularis
unknownborerlarvaCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus pulvinatus
unknownunknownCurculionidaeAulacobaris raisae
flowerhiddenThripidaeTaeniothrips picipes
flowerborerNitidulidaeBrassicogethes epeirosi
flowerborerNitidulidaeBrassicogethes coeruleovirens
flowerborerNitidulidaeBrassicogethes prometheus
flowerborerNitidulidaeBrassicogethes subaeneus
flowerborerNitidulidaeBrassicogethes humerosus
leafvagrantChrysomelidaePhaedon cochleariae
rootvagrantChrysomelidaePhyllotreta ziegleri
rootvagrantChrysomelidaePhyllotreta exclamationis
rootvagrantChrysomelidaePhyllotreta flexuosa
rootvagrantChrysomelidaePhyllotreta diademata
rootvagrantChrysomelidaePhyllotreta undulata
rootborerChrysomelidaePhyllotreta ochripes
rootvagrantChrysomelidaePhyllotreta atra
rootvagrantChrysomelidaePhyllotreta cruciferae
rootvagrantChrysomelidaePhyllotreta consobrina
rootvagrantChrysomelidaePhyllotreta nigripes
rootvagrantChrysomelidaePhyllotreta tetrastigma
rootvagrantChrysomelidaePhyllotreta striolata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAthalia lugens
rootvagrantChrysomelidaePhyllotreta christinae
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAthalia liberta
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo koehleri
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAthalia rosae
leafhiddenCrambidaeEvergestis pallidata
leafhiddenPlutellidaeEidophasia messingiella
unknownunknownPlutellidaeRhigognostis schmaltzella
leafvagrantPlutellidaeRhigognostis annulatella
leafvagrantPlutellidaeRhigognostis incarnatella
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis steineriana
leafhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia incertana
systemicgallEriophyidaeAceria cardaminis
fruitboreryounger larvaAdelidaeCauchas rufimitrella
fruitborerlarvaCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus cochleariae
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus pandellei
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus pervicax
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus barbareae
stemgallCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus hirtulus
stemgallCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus atomus
root collarvagrantAphididaeMyzotoxoptera wimhurstae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis nasturtii
stemborerCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus sulcicollis
stemminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia alliariae
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
fruitgallUrocystidalesThecaphora thlaspeos
flowergallCecidomyiidaeDasineura cardaminis
flowergallEriophyidaeAceria drabae
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura umbrosa
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe cruciferarum
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces orontii
leafdownPeronosporalesHyaloperonospora cardamines-enneaphyllos
leafdownPeronosporalesHyaloperonospora dentariae
leafdownPeronosporalesHyaloperonospora malyi
leafdownPeronosporalesHyaloperonospora nasturtii-aquatici
leafdownPeronosporalesHyaloperonospora parasitica
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura cardaminicola
leafgallCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus chalibaeus
leafgallTriozidaeTrioza caesaris
leafgallTriozidaeTrioza rotundata
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza brassicae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza strigata
leafminerCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus minutus
leafminerDrosophilidaeScaptomyza flava
leafminerPlutellidaePlutella xylostella
leafpustuleAlbuginales AlbiginaceaeAlbugo candida
leafpustuleAlbuginales AlbiginaceaeAlbugo hohenheimia
leafpustuleAlbuginales AlbiginaceaeAlbugo leimonia
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium dendriticum
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia cruciferarum
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia dentariae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeRhopalosiphoninus staphyleae
stemborerChrysomelidaePsylliodes napi
stemgallAsterolecaniidaePlanchonia arabidis
stemgallCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus pectoralis
stemgallCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus rapae
root collargallCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus assimilis
root collargallPlasmodiophoralesPlasmodiophora brassicae
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum circumflexum
leafvagrantAphididaeMyzus ascalonicus
systemicvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis triglochinis
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum solani
leafvagrantAphididaeLipaphis erysimi
rootvagrantAphididaeRhopalosiphoninus latysiphon

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 27.iv.2021