Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Erysimum odoratum

synonym: Erysimum pannonicum

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eurydema fieberi
leaf vagrant Pieridae Pieris rapae
leaf vagrant Pieridae Pieris napi
unknown unknown Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus talickyi
stem gall Curculionidae Aulacobaris gudenusi
unknown borer larva Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus chlorophanus
unknown unknown Curculionidae Aulacobaris kaufmanni
unknown unknown Curculionidae Aulacobaris prasina
unknown unknown Curculionidae Melanobaris atramentaria
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Entomoscelis adonidis
root collar borer larva Curculionidae Lixus albomarginatus
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Janetiella fortiana
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe cruciferarum
leaf down Peronosporales Hyaloperonospora cheiranthi
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza xanthocera
leaf miner Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus minutus
leaf pustule Albuginales Albiginaceae Albugo candida
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Bayeriola erysimi
root collar gall Plasmodiophorales Plasmodiophora brassicae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 5.ii.2022