Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Erysimum

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
root collar scale Pseudococcidae Mirococcopsis ammophila
root scale Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus pumilus
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus orone
root collar borer Curculionidae Lixus anguinus
unknown unknown Curculionidae Lixus erysimi
root borer Curculionidae Lixus brevipennis
unknown unknown Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus strejceki
stem borer Curculionidae Aulacobaris lepidii
leaf vagrant Aeolothripidae Rhipidothrips gratiosus
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips meridionalis
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips fasciatus
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips ericae
leaf hidden Thripidae Thrips tabaci
unknown unknown Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips pyrenaicus
systemic pustule Sclerotiniaceae Sclerotinia sclerotiorum
root gall Olpidiaceae Olpidium brassicae
leaf leaf spot Leptospaeriaceae Plenodomus lingam
leaf leaf spot Pleosporaceae Alternaria japonica
root film Ceratobasidiaceae Rhizoctonia solani
leaf leaf spot Pleosporaceae Alternaria cheiranthi
systemic down Sclerotiniaceae Botrytis cinerea
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Cercospora cheiranthi
leaf leaf spot Glomerellaceae Colletotrichum gloeosporioides
leaf leaf spot Didymellaceae Ascochyta cheiranthi
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta orbicula
leaf leaf spot Dothideomycetes incertae sedis Asteromella cheiranthicola
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria cheiranthi
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria cheiriana
root film Platygloeales Helicobasidium purpureum
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta erysimi-cuspidati
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Cercospora erysimi
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta erysimi
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria repanda
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Cercospora armoraciae
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eurydema ventralis
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eurydema oleracea
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eurydema ornata
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eurydema fieberi
leaf vagrant Pieridae Euchloe eversi
root collar borer Cerambycidae Certallum ebulinum
leaf vagrant Geometridae Xanthorhoe fluctuata
leaf vagrant Pieridae Pieris brassicae
fruit vagrant Pieridae Euchloe belemia
leaf vagrant Pieridae Pieris rapae
leaf vagrant Pieridae Pieris napi
leaf vagrant Pieridae Pontia daplidice
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta cruciferae
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta undulata
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus typhae
leaf gall Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus chalibaeus
stem borer Chrysomelidae Psylliodes brisouti
leaf miner Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta nemorum
unknown unknown Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus psoropygus
root collar borer Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus puncticollis
stem borer larva Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus sophiae
unknown unknown Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus viridanus
unknown unknown Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus talickyi
unknown unknown Curculionidae Aulacobaris raisae
unknown unknown Curculionidae Aulacobaris kaufmanni
unknown unknown Curculionidae Aulacobaris prasina
unknown unknown Curculionidae Melanobaris atramentaria
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta atra
unknown unknown Anthribidae Bruchela schusteri
unknown unknown doubtful Aeolothripidae Rhipidothrips niveipennis
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips flavus
stem borer Chrysomelidae Psylliodes napi
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Entomoscelis adonidis
unknown unknown Chrysomelidae Psylliodes milleri
unknown unknown Chrysomelidae Psylliodes vindobonensis
stem borer Chrysomelidae Psylliodes chrysocephala
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Psylliodes cuprea
unknown unknown Chrysomelidae Psylliodes instabilis
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta punctulata
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta nigripes
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Athalia ancilla
leaf miner>borer Tortricidae Selania leplastriana
leaf hidden Crambidae Evergestis limbata
fruit borer Gelechiidae Crossobela trinotella
leaf hidden Plutellidae Plutella porrectella
leaf vagrant Plutellidae Rhigognostis incarnatella
root collar borer Curculionidae Aulacobaris cuprirostris
leaf vagrant Triozidae Bactericera nigricornis
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella intonsa
leaf hidden Tortricidae Cnephasia incertana
fruit borer younger larva Adelidae Adela mazzolella
unknown borer larva Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus chlorophanus
stem borer larva Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus picitarsis
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus rhenanus
stem gall Curculionidae Aulacobaris gudenusi
root collar borer larva Curculionidae Lixus albomarginatus
leaf vagrant Aphididae Pseudobrevicoryne erysimi
vagrant Aphididae Smiela syreniae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia horticola
root collar borer Curculionidae Melanobaris laticollis
leaf vagrant Aphididae Lipaphis pseudobrassicae
stem miner Agromyzidae Ophiomyia alliariae
unknown vagrant Aphididae Acyrthosiphon ilka
systemic borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus dipsaci
fruit gall Urocystidales Thecaphora thlaspeos
flower gall doubtful Aphididae Lipaphis turritella
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia nasturtii
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Jaapiella erysimicola
flower gall Eriophyidae Aceria drabae
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe cruciferarum
leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces orontii
leaf down Peronosporales Hyaloperonospora cheiranthi
leaf down Peronosporales Hyaloperonospora parasitica
leaf gall Aphididae Brevicoryne brassicae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza brassicae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza bryoniae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza strigata
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza xanthocera
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora onopordiella
leaf miner Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus minutus
leaf miner Drosophilidae Scaptomyza flava
leaf miner Plutellidae Plutella xylostella
leaf miner Psychidae Apterona helicoidella
leaf pustule Albuginales Albiginaceae Albugo candida
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia isiacae
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia holboelli
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia thlaspeos
leaf vagrant Aphididae Lipaphis erysimi
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Bayeriola erysimi
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Janetiella fortiana
stem gall Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus carinatus
stem gall Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus rapae
root collar gall Actinomycetales Rhodococcus fascians
root collar gall Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus assimilis
root collar gall Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus plumbeus
root collar gall Plasmodiophorales Plasmodiophora brassicae
root gall Heteroderidae Heterodera avenae
root gall Heteroderidae Heterodera goettingiana
root gall Meloidogynidae Meloidogyne hapla


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 7.ii.2024