Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Sinapis

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
root scale Pseudococcidae Mirococcus inermis
root scale Pseudococcidae Peliococcus chersonensis
root scale Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus pumilus
root collar borer Cerambycidae Certallum ebulinum
fruit vagrant Rhopalidae Brachycarenus tigrinus
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips ericae
leaf vagrant Thripidae Thrips major
flower predator Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips reuteri
flower hidden Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips propinquus
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips tenuicornis
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips vulgatissimus
unknown unknown Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips pyrenaicus
seeds vagrant Carabidae Harpalus rufipes
predator Phlaeothripidae Xylaplothrips fuliginosus
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips intermedius
leaf vagrant Thripidae Thrips linarius
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips collaris
flower hidden Thripidae Isoneurothrips australis
flower hidden Thripidae Tenothrips frici
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips meridionalis
leaf vagrant Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips aculeatus
root collar vagrant doubtful Lygaeidae Dimorphopterus spinolae
fruit gall doubtful Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus inaffectatus
leaf vagrant Tingidae Tingis liturata
leaf vagrant Crambidae Evergestis forficalis
root vagrant Cydnidae Geotomus elongatus
fruit vagrant Pieridae Euchloe crameri
leaf leaf spot Pleosporaceae Alternaria brassicae
root gall Olpidiaceae Olpidium brassicae
leaf leaf spot Pleosporaceae Alternaria brassicicola
leaf leaf spot Didymellaceae Ascochyta lepidii
root gall Pythiaceae Globisporangium irregulare
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta sinapis
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria sinapis
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria sinapis-albae
systemic pustule Sclerotiniaceae Sclerotinia sclerotiorum
systemic film Pythiaceae Globisporangium debaryanum
fruit borer Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus obstrictus
flower vagrant doubtful Lygaeidae Artheneis foveolata
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Neopseudocercosporella capsellae
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eurydema oleracea
fruit vagrant Lygaeidae Nysius thymi
root collar vagrant Cydnidae Ochetostethus nanus
predator Miridae Deraeocoris pallens
leaf vagrant Miridae Calocoris nemoralis
leaf vagrant Miridae Dionconotus parnisanus
leaf vagrant Miridae Grypocoris syriacus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Holcostethus albipes
flower vagrant Miridae Closterotomus trivialis
leaf vagrant Miridae Closterotomus norwegicus
leaf vagrant Miridae Grypocoris melanopgygus
leaf vagrant Miridae Barbosia decalvata
leaf vagrant Miridae Maurodactylus albidus
leaf vagrant Miridae Utopnia torquata
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eurydema ornata
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eurydema spectabilis
leaf vagrant Miridae Adelphocoris lineolatus
flower vagrant Miridae Leptopterna euxinia
leaf vagrant Miridae Lygus pratensis
leaf vagrant Miridae Lygus rugulipennis
leaf vagrant Miridae Plagiognathus bipunctatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Plagiognathus chrysanthemi
leaf vagrant Miridae Polymerus cognatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Polymerus vulneratus
leaf vagrant Miridae Stenodema pilosa
leaf vagrant Miridae Stenodema laevigata
leaf vagrant Miridae Stenodema turanica
leaf vagrant Miridae Stenodema virens
flower vagrant Miridae Stenotus binotatus
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Bagrada abeillei
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Bagrada amoenula
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Carpocoris purpureipennis
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Codophila varia
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Dolycoris baccarum
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eurydema oleracea
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Nezara viridula
flower vagrant Pentatomidae Piezodorus lituratus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Stagonomus amoenus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Stenozygum coloratum
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Ventocoris achivus
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Bagrada stolida
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Bagrada concinna
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Carpocoris coreanus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Carpocoris mediterraneus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eurydema putoni
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Peribalus strictus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eurydema ventralis
fruit vagrant Lygaeidae Lygaeus equestris
fruit vagrant Pyrrhocoridae Pyrrhocoris apterus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eurydema fieberi
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Mamestra brassicae
stem borer Cerambycidae Phytoecia caerulea
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Autographa gamma
fruit vagrant doubtful Geometridae Lithostege farinata
leaf vagrant Pieridae Pontia daplidice
leaf vagrant Geometridae Xanthorhoe designata
leaf vagrant Pieridae Pieris napi
fruit vagrant Pieridae Anthocharis cardamines
fruit vagrant Pieridae Euchloe ausonia
leaf vagrant Pieridae Pieris brassicae
leaf vagrant Pieridae Pieris rapae
fruit borer larva doubtful Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus syrites
leaf vagrant adult Cixiidae Reptalus cuspidatus
leaf vagrant adult Cixiidae Reptalus quinquecostatus
leaf miner Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta nemorum
flower hidden Crambidae Evergestis extimalis
unknown unknown Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus sulcatus
stem borer Curculionidae Melanobaris quadraticollis
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta undulata
unknown borer larva Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus pulvinatus
unknown unknown Curculionidae Aulacobaris prasina
leaf hidden Thripidae Thrips angusticeps
leaf hidden Thripidae Thrips tabaci
flower hidden Aeolothripidae Melanthrips fuscus
flower borer Nitidulidae Brassicogethes aeneus
flower borer Nitidulidae Xerogethes kraatzi
flower borer Nitidulidae Brassicogethes viridescens
leaf miner Nitidulidae Xenostrongylus deyrollei
unknown unknown Chrysomelidae Psylliodes gibbosa
flower borer Nitidulidae Brassicogethes fulvipes
flower borer Nitidulidae Brassicogethes coracinus
flower borer Nitidulidae Clypeogethes elongatus
flower borer Nitidulidae Xerogethes rotundicollis
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Entomoscelis adonidis
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Phaedon cochleariae
stem borer Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta armoraciae
root borer Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta ochripes
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta parallela
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta variipennis
unknown unknown Chrysomelidae Psylliodes instabilis
unknown unknown Chrysomelidae Psylliodes hospes
unknown unknown Chrysomelidae Psylliodes fusiformis
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Psylliodes cuprea
unknown unknown Chrysomelidae Psylliodes circumdata
stem borer Chrysomelidae Psylliodes chrysocephala
unknown unknown Chrysomelidae Psylliodes cupreata
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta fallaciosa
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Colaphellus sophiae
stem borer Chrysomelidae Psylliodes napi
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta atra
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta cruciferae
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta astrachanica
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta diademata
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta punctulata
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta consobrina
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta nigripes
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta corrugata
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta striolata
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta scheuchi
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Tenthredo baetica
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Athalia liberta
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Tenthredo flaveola
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Athalia ancilla
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Athalia rosae
root collar borer larva Curculionidae Lixus albomarginatus
leaf hidden Crambidae Evergestis pallidata
leaf hidden Crambidae Evergestis frumentalis
root collar borer Curculionidae Aulacobaris cuprirostris
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella intonsa
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia longana
flower hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia longana
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
unknown borer larva Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus sinapicola
flower borer larva Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus gallorhenanus
stem borer Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus sulcicollis
stem borer larva Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus picitarsis
stem gall Curculionidae Aulacobaris gudenusi
stem gall Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus hirtulus
fruit borer rarely Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus turbatus
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia horticola
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Smynthurodes betae
stem miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza pseudopygmina
stem miner Agromyzidae Ophiomyia alliariae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis gossypii
systemic borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus dipsaci
fruit gall Cecidomyiidae Asphondylia gennadii
fruit gall Cecidomyiidae Asphondylia stefanii
fruit gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura napi
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia nasturtii
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Gephyraulus raphanistri
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe cruciferarum
leaf down Peronosporales Hyaloperonospora brassicae
leaf gall Aphididae Brevicoryne brassicae
leaf gall Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus chalibaeus
leaf gall Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus leprieuri
leaf miner Agromyzidae Aulagromyza mamonowi
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza bryoniae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza strigata
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza xanthocera
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza rufipes
leaf miner Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus minutus
leaf miner Drosophilidae Scaptomyza flava
leaf miner Plutellidae Plutella xylostella
leaf pustule Albuginales Albiginaceae Albugo candida
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia isiacae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Nasonovia ribisnigri
leaf vagrant Aphididae Lipaphis erysimi
stem borer Curculionidae Aulacobaris coerulescens
stem borer Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus napi
stem borer Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus pallidactylus
stem gall Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus griseus
root collar gall Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus assimilis
root collar gall Plasmodiophorales Plasmodiophora brassicae
root gall Heteroderidae Heterodera avenae
root gall Heteroderidae Heterodera goettingiana
root gall Heteroderidae Heterodera trifolii
root gall Meloidogynidae Meloidogyne hapla
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Myzus persicae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Lipaphis pseudobrassicae

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 28.i.2024