Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Sinapis alba

white mustard

synonym: Leucosinapis alba

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
fruitborerCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus obstrictus
predatorPteromalidaeStenomalina gracilis
predatorPteromalidaeTrichomalus perfectus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAthalia rosae
leafvagrantMiridaeClosterotomus norwegicus
leafvagrantPentatomidaeEurydema oleracea
leafvagrantPentatomidaeHolcostethus albipes
flowervagrantMiridaeClosterotomus trivialis
leafvagrantPentatomidaeEurydema fieberi
stemborerCerambycidaePhytoecia caerulea
leafvagrantPieridaePieris rapae
leafvagrantPieridaePieris napi
rootvagrantChrysomelidaePhyllotreta atra
rootvagrantChrysomelidaePhyllotreta cruciferae
leafminerChrysomelidaePhyllotreta nemorum
flowerhiddenCrambidaeEvergestis extimalis
stemgallCurculionidaeAulacobaris gudenusi
stemborerChrysomelidaePsylliodes napi
leafvagrantChrysomelidaePhaedon cochleariae
stemborerChrysomelidaePsylliodes chrysocephala
rootvagrantChrysomelidaePsylliodes cuprea
unknownunknownChrysomelidaePsylliodes circumdata
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeColaphellus sophiae
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo flaveola
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAthalia ancilla
stemminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia alliariae
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis gossypii
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeAsphondylia stefanii
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura napi
flowergallCecidomyiidaeContarinia nasturtii
flowergallCecidomyiidaeGephyraulus raphanistri
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe cruciferarum
leafdownPeronosporalesHyaloperonospora brassicae
leafgallCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus chalibaeus
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza bryoniae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza strigata
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza xanthocera
leafminerCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus minutus
leafminerDrosophilidaeScaptomyza flava
leafminerPlutellidaePlutella xylostella
leafpustuleAlbuginales AlbiginaceaeAlbugo candida
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia isiacae
root collargallCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus assimilis
root collargallPlasmodiophoralesPlasmodiophora brassicae
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne hapla
leafgallAphididaeBrevicoryne brassicae
leafvagrantAphididaeLipaphis erysimi
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMyzus persicae
leafvagrantAphididaeLipaphis pseudobrassicae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 11.vii.2022