Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Sinapis arvensis

charlock

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eurydema oleracea
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eurydema ventralis
leaf vagrant Miridae Calocoris nemoralis
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Neopseudocercosporella capsellae
leaf vagrant Miridae Closterotomus norwegicus
leaf vagrant Miridae Grypocoris melanopgygus
leaf vagrant Miridae Barbosia decalvata
leaf vagrant Miridae Maurodactylus albidus
leaf vagrant Miridae Utopnia torquata
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Dolycoris baccarum
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Bagrada abeillei
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Bagrada amoenula
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eurydema fieberi
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eurydema ornata
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eurydema spectabilis
leaf vagrant Miridae Adelphocoris lineolatus
flower vagrant Miridae Leptopterna euxinia
leaf vagrant Miridae Lygus pratensis
leaf vagrant Miridae Lygus rugulipennis
leaf vagrant Miridae Plagiognathus bipunctatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Plagiognathus chrysanthemi
leaf vagrant Miridae Polymerus cognatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Polymerus vulneratus
leaf vagrant Miridae Stenodema pilosa
leaf vagrant Miridae Stenodema laevigata
leaf vagrant Miridae Stenodema turanica
leaf vagrant Miridae Stenodema virens
flower vagrant Miridae Stenotus binotatus
fruit vagrant Pyrrhocoridae Pyrrhocoris apterus
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Mamestra brassicae
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Autographa gamma
leaf vagrant Geometridae Xanthorhoe designata
fruit vagrant Pieridae Anthocharis cardamines
fruit vagrant Pieridae Euchloe ausonia
leaf vagrant Pieridae Pieris brassicae
leaf vagrant Pieridae Pieris rapae
leaf vagrant Pieridae Pieris napi
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta consobrina
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta atra
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta cruciferae
fruit borer larva doubtful Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus syrites
leaf miner Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta nemorum
flower hidden Crambidae Evergestis extimalis
stem borer Curculionidae Melanobaris quadraticollis
fruit gall Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus inaffectatus
unknown borer larva Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus pulvinatus
unknown unknown Curculionidae Aulacobaris prasina
flower hidden Aeolothripidae Melanthrips fuscus
leaf miner Nitidulidae Xenostrongylus deyrollei
stem borer Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta armoraciae
root borer Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta ochripes
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta parallela
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta variipennis
stem borer Chrysomelidae Psylliodes chrysocephala
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Psylliodes cuprea
unknown unknown Chrysomelidae Psylliodes instabilis
unknown unknown Chrysomelidae Psylliodes hospes
unknown unknown Chrysomelidae Psylliodes fusiformis
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta fallaciosa
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Colaphellus sophiae
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta striolata
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta scheuchi
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Tenthredo flaveola
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Athalia rosae
root collar borer larva Curculionidae Lixus albomarginatus
leaf hidden Crambidae Evergestis pallidata
leaf hidden Crambidae Evergestis frumentalis
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella intonsa
stem borer Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus sulcicollis
stem borer larva Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus picitarsis
stem gall Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus griseus
stem gall Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus hirtulus
fruit borer rarely Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus turbatus
stem borer Curculionidae Aulacobaris coerulescens
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Smynthurodes betae
stem miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza pseudopygmina
stem miner Agromyzidae Ophiomyia alliariae
systemic borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus dipsaci
fruit gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura napi
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia nasturtii
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Gephyraulus raphanistri
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe cruciferarum
leaf down Peronosporales Hyaloperonospora brassicae
leaf gall Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus chalibaeus
leaf gall Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus leprieuri
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza rufipes
leaf miner Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus minutus
leaf miner Drosophilidae Scaptomyza flava
leaf miner Plutellidae Plutella xylostella
leaf pustule Albuginales Albiginaceae Albugo candida
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia isiacae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Lipaphis erysimi
stem borer Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus napi
stem borer Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus pallidactylus
root collar gall Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus assimilis
root collar gall Plasmodiophorales Plasmodiophora brassicae
root gall Meloidogynidae Meloidogyne hapla
leaf gall Aphididae Brevicoryne brassicae

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 20.iv.2022