Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Sinapis arvensis

charlock

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo flaveola
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAthalia rosae
root collarborerlarvaCurculionidaeLixus albomarginatus
leafhiddenCrambidaeEvergestis pallidata
leafhiddenCrambidaeEvergestis frumentalis
flowerhiddenThripidaeFrankliniella intonsa
stemborerCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus sulcicollis
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus picitarsis
stemgallCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus griseus
stemgallCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus hirtulus
fruitborerrarelyCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus turbatus
stemborerCurculionidaeAulacobaris coerulescens
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeSmynthurodes betae
stemminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza pseudopygmina
stemminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia alliariae
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura napi
flowergallCecidomyiidaeContarinia nasturtii
flowergallCecidomyiidaeGephyraulus raphanistri
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe cruciferarum
leafdownPeronosporalesHyaloperonospora brassicae
leafgallCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus chalibaeus
leafgallCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus leprieuri
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza rufipes
leafminerCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus minutus
leafminerDrosophilidaeScaptomyza flava
leafminerPlutellidaePlutella xylostella
leafpustuleAlbuginales AlbiginaceaeAlbugo candida
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia isiacae
leafvagrantAphididaeLipaphis erysimi
stemborerCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus napi
stemborerCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus pallidactylus
root collargallCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus assimilis
root collargallPlasmodiophoralesPlasmodiophora brassicae
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne hapla
leafgallAphididaeBrevicoryne brassicae

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 27.iii.2020