Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi



Dichotomous table for leafminers

1a larva with recognisable head; mine full depth => 2

1b larva a maggot; mine largely upper- or lower-surface: Scaptomyza flava

1c galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species

2a mine small; older larvae live free at the underside of the leaf: Plutella xylostella

2b mine larger; larvae mine lifelong => 3

3a larva without feet: Ceutorhynchus minutus

3b larva with thoracic feet: Phyllotreta nemorum

Tables for all parasites per species

Last modified 9.x.2017