Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Cardaria

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
unknown vagrant Aphididae Dysaphis vandenboschi
root gall Meloidogynidae Meloidogyne javanica
leaf vagrant Crambidae Evergestis nomadalis
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Polymixis lichenea
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Cercospora bizzozeriana
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria lepidii
predator Eulophidae Necremnus hippa
predator Eulophidae Necremnus tidius
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Carpocoris purpureipennis
leaf vagrant doubtful Miridae Oncotylus viridiflavus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eurydema ventralis
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eurydema oleracea
leaf vagrant Miridae Adelphocoris lineolatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Brachycoleus decolor
leaf vagrant Miridae Calocoris roseomaculatus
flower vagrant Miridae Leptopterna euxinia
leaf vagrant Miridae Lygus pratensis
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthops kalmii
leaf vagrant Miridae Plagiognathus bipunctatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Plagiognathus chrysanthemi
leaf vagrant Miridae Stenodema virens
flower vagrant Miridae Stenotus binotatus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eurydema ornata
leaf vagrant Miridae Capsodes sulcatus
fruit vagrant Lygaeidae Lygaeus equestris
leaf vagrant Rhopalidae Liorhyssus hyalinus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eurydema fieberi
root vagrant Cixiidae Hyalesthes obsoletus
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Malacosoma neustria
leaf vagrant Pieridae Pieris rapae
leaf vagrant Pieridae Pieris napi
fruit borer larva doubtful Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus nanus
stem gall Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus rapae
fruit borer larva doubtful Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus syrites
leaf vagrant adult Cercopidae Cercopis sanguinolenta
leaf miner Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta nemorum
unknown unknown Curculionidae Melanobaris semistriata
unknown unknown Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus arator
stem gall Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus cardariae
stem gall Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus hirtulus
fruit borer Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus obstrictus
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus parvulus
unknown borer larva Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus pulvinatus
root collar borer Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus puncticollis
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus pyrrhorhynchus
stem borer larva Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus sophiae
unknown unknown Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus isatidis
unknown unknown Curculionidae Aulacobaris janthina
unknown unknown Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus merkli
flower borer Nitidulidae Clypeogethes lepidii
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta ispartaensis
unknown unknown Chrysomelidae Psylliodes wrasei
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta atra
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta maculicornis
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta variipennis
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Colaphellus sophiae
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta cruciferae
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta scheuchi
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta astrachanica
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta diademata
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta punctulata
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta nigripes
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta corrugata
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta erysimi
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Galeruca jucunda
leaf hidden Plutellidae Eidophasia messingiella
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella intonsa
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus typhae
fruit borer Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus turbatus
leaf vagrant Aphididae Lipaphis lepidii
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis nasturtii
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia horticola
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aulacorthum solani
leaf gall Aphididae Brevicoryne brassicae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Myzus persicae
systemic borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus dipsaci
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia lepidii
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia nasturtii
flower gall Eriophyidae Aceria drabae
leaf borer Agromyzidae Ophiomyia beckeri
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe cruciferarum
leaf down Peronosporales Hyaloperonospora parasitica
leaf down Peronosporales Perofascia lepidii
leaf gall Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus chalibaeus
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza brassicae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza bryoniae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza strigata
leaf miner Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus minutus
leaf miner Drosophilidae Scaptomyza flava
leaf miner Plutellidae Plutella xylostella
leaf pustule Albuginales Albiginaceae Albugo lepidii
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia isiacae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Lipaphis erysimi
root collar gall Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus assimilis
root collar gall Plasmodiophorales Plasmodiophora brassicae
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora
leaf vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum euphorbiae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 22.v.2023