Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Sisymbrium

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Cercospora nasturtii
fruit vagrant Rhopalidae Brachycarenus tigrinus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eurydema oleracea
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eurydema ventralis
seeds vagrant Lygaeidae Sphragisticus nebulosus
leaf vagrant Miridae Polymerus cognatus
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Bagrada abeillei
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Bagrada amoenula
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Dolycoris baccarum
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eurydema ornata
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Ventocoris halophilus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eurydema fieberi
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia isiacae
fruit vagrant Pieridae Euchloe belemia
root collar borer Cerambycidae Certallum ebulinum
stem borer Cerambycidae Phytoecia caerulea
leaf vagrant Geometridae Xanthorhoe fluctuata
fruit vagrant Geometridae Lithostege farinata
flower vagrant Geometridae Lithostege clarae
fruit vagrant Pieridae Euchloe crameri
leaf vagrant Pieridae Pontia daplidice
fruit vagrant Pieridae Euchloe hesperidum
leaf vagrant Pieridae Pieris napi
fruit vagrant Pieridae Anthocharis cardamines
fruit vagrant Pieridae Euchloe insularis
leaf vagrant Pieridae Pieris rapae
leaf vagrant Pieridae Pontia edusa
leaf vagrant Pieridae Pieris brassicae
fruit borer larva doubtful Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus syrites
flower hidden Crambidae Evergestis extimalis
unknown unknown Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus talickyi
unknown borer larva Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus sinapicola
stem gall Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus hirtulus
unknown unknown Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus hepaticus
unknown unknown Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus viridanus
stem gall Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus hirtulus
stem borer larva Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus sophiae
unknown unknown Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus lothari
root collar borer Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus puncticollis
stem borer larva Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus roberti
root collar borer larva Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus scapularis
unknown unknown Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus arator
unknown unknown Curculionidae Melanobaris semistriata
stem borer larva Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus barbareae
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta fornuseki
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta undulata
unknown unknown Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus coarctatus
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta astrachanica
unknown unknown Curculionidae Aulacobaris angusta
unknown unknown Curculionidae Aulacobaris janthina
stem gall Curculionidae Aulacobaris gudenusi
unknown unknown Anthribidae Bruchela anatolica
unknown unknown Anthribidae Bruchela muscula
unknown unknown Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus moraviensis
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips flavus
flower borer Nitidulidae Xerogethes kraatzi
flower borer Nitidulidae Clypeogethes mithra
leaf miner Nitidulidae Xenostrongylus lateralis
flower borer Nitidulidae Brassicogethes coracinus
flower borer Nitidulidae Brassicogethes cantabricus
flower borer Nitidulidae Brassicogethes subaeneus
stem borer Chrysomelidae Psylliodes marcida
flower borer Nitidulidae Xerogethes rotundicollis
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Entomoscelis adonidis
stem borer Chrysomelidae Psylliodes chrysocephala
unknown unknown Chrysomelidae Psylliodes cupreata
stem borer Chrysomelidae Psylliodes tricolor
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Psylliodes cuprea
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta cruciferae
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Colaphellus sophiae
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta atra
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta diademata
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta nigripes
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta striolata
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta austriaca
leaf hidden Thripidae Thrips tabaci
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Athalia liberta
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Athalia rosae
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Athalia ancilla
unknown unknown Crambidae Evergestis pechi
leaf hidden Crambidae Evergestis pallidata
leaf hidden Crambidae Evergestis limbata
leaf hidden Plutellidae Eidophasia messingiella
leaf hidden Crambidae Evergestis sophialis
leaf vagrant Plutellidae Rhigognostis incarnatella
leaf hidden Crambidae Evergestis frumentalis
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
fruit borer younger larva doubtful Adelidae Adela mazzolella
unknown borer larva Ceutorhynchus sisymbrii
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Septoria sisymbrii
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus interjectus
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus pyrrhorhynchus
unknown borer larva rarely Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus pulvinatus
flower borer larva Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus gallorhenanus
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus niyazii
stem borer larva Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus aeneicollis
stem borer larva Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus picitarsis
root collar borer larva Curculionidae Lixus albomarginatus
stem borer Curculionidae Aulacobaris chlorizans
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia horticola
leaf down Peronosporales Hyaloperonospora parasitica
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis nasturtii
root collar borer Curculionidae Melanobaris laticollis
stem miner Agromyzidae Aulagromyza sisymbrii
stem miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza pseudopygmina
stem miner Agromyzidae Ophiomyia alliariae
unknown vagrant Aphididae Acyrthosiphon ilka
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis spiraecola
fruit gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura rostratae
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia nasturtii
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura sisymbrii
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Gephyraulus raphanistri
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Gephyraulus sisymbrii
flower gall Eriophyidae Aceria drabae
leaf bud gall doubtful Cecidomyiidae Contarinia kiefferi
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura bayeri
leaf borer Agromyzidae Ophiomyia beckeri
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe cruciferarum
leaf down Peronosporales Hyaloperonospora sisymbrii-loeselii
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora rhaetica
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora sisymbrii-orientalis
leaf gall Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus chalibaeus
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza brassicae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza bryoniae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza strigata
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza xanthocera
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza rufipes
leaf miner Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus minutus
leaf miner Drosophilidae Scaptomyza flava
leaf miner doubtful Drosophilidae Scaptomyza griseola
leaf miner Plutellidae Plutella xylostella
leaf miner Psychidae Apterona helicoidella
leaf pustule Albuginales Albiginaceae Albugo candida
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia thlaspeos
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Nasonovia ribisnigri
leaf vagrant Aphididae Lipaphis erysimi
flower vagrant spring generation Aphididae Lipaphis fritzmuelleri
root collar vagrant summer generation Aphididae Lipaphis fritzmuelleri
stem borer Curculionidae Aulacobaris lepidii
stem borer Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus napi
stem borer Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus sulcicollis
stem gall Asterolecaniidae Planchonia arabidis
root collar gall Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus assimilis
root collar gall Plasmodiophorales Plasmodiophora brassicae
root gall Heteroderidae Heterodera avenae
root gall Heteroderidae Heterodera goettingiana
inquiline Cecidomyiidae Dasineura kleini
leaf gall Aphididae Brevicoryne brassicae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum euphorbiae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Myzus persicae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 6.x.2022