Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Sisymbrium altissimum

tall rocket

synonym: Sisymbrium pannonicum, sinapistrum

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
fruit vagrant Rhopalidae Brachycarenus tigrinus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eurydema ornata
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eurydema oleracea
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia isiacae
leaf vagrant Pieridae Pieris rapae
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta atra
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta cruciferae
unknown borer larva Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus sinapicola
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus pyrrhorhynchus
unknown unknown Curculionidae Aulacobaris angusta
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Colaphellus sophiae
fruit borer younger larva doubtful Adelidae Adela mazzolella
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Septoria sisymbrii
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus niyazii
stem borer larva Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus aeneicollis
root collar borer larva Curculionidae Lixus albomarginatus
leaf gall Aphididae Brevicoryne brassicae
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia nasturtii
stem miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza pseudopygmina
stem miner Agromyzidae Ophiomyia alliariae
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Gephyraulus raphanistri
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Gephyraulus sisymbrii
flower gall Eriophyidae Aceria drabae
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura bayeri
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe cruciferarum
leaf down Peronosporales Hyaloperonospora sisymbrii-loeselii
leaf miner Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus minutus
leaf miner Drosophilidae Scaptomyza flava
leaf pustule Albuginales Albiginaceae Albugo candida
stem borer Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus napi
stem gall Asterolecaniidae Planchonia arabidis
root collar gall Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus assimilis


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 20.iv.2022