Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Sisymbrium officinale

hedge mustard

synonym: Velarum officinale

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
fruit vagrant Rhopalidae Brachycarenus tigrinus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eurydema oleracea
seeds vagrant Lygaeidae Sphragisticus nebulosus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eurydema fieberi
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Bagrada abeillei
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Bagrada amoenula
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Dolycoris baccarum
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eurydema ornata
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia isiacae
fruit vagrant Geometridae Lithostege farinata
leaf vagrant Pieridae Pontia daplidice
leaf vagrant Pieridae Pieris brassicae
fruit vagrant Pieridae Anthocharis cardamines
fruit vagrant Pieridae Euchloe insularis
leaf vagrant Pieridae Pieris rapae
leaf vagrant Pieridae Pieris napi
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta atra
fruit borer larva doubtful Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus syrites
flower hidden Crambidae Evergestis extimalis
stem borer larva Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus sophiae
unknown unknown Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus hepaticus
unknown unknown Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus arator
Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus picitarsis
leaf miner Nitidulidae Xenostrongylus lateralis
stem borer Chrysomelidae Psylliodes marcida
flower borer Nitidulidae Xerogethes rotundicollis
stem borer Chrysomelidae Psylliodes chrysocephala
stem borer Chrysomelidae Psylliodes tricolor
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Psylliodes cuprea
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta cruciferae
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Phyllotreta striolata
leaf hidden Thripidae Thrips tabaci
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Athalia liberta
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Athalia ancilla
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Athalia rosae
leaf hidden Crambidae Evergestis limbata
flower gall Eriophyidae Aceria drabae
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Septoria sisymbrii
unknown borer larva rarely Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus pulvinatus
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus pyrrhorhynchus
stem borer Curculionidae Aulacobaris chlorizans
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia horticola
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis nasturtii
stem miner Agromyzidae Ophiomyia alliariae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Myzus persicae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum euphorbiae
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia nasturtii
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura sisymbrii
leaf bud gall doubtful Cecidomyiidae Contarinia kiefferi
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe cruciferarum
leaf down Peronosporales Hyaloperonospora sisymbrii-loeselii
leaf gall Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus chalibaeus
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza brassicae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza bryoniae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza strigata
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza xanthocera
leaf miner Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus minutus
leaf miner Drosophilidae Scaptomyza flava
leaf pustule Albuginales Albiginaceae Albugo candida
leaf vagrant Aphididae Lipaphis erysimi
stem borer Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus napi
stem borer Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus sulcicollis
root collar gall Curculionidae Ceutorhynchus assimilis
leaf gall Aphididae Brevicoryne brassicae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 20.iv.2022