Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Capparis spinosa

synonym: Capparis sativa

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
predatorEulophidaeNecremnus cosmopterix
leafvagrantPentatomidaeAcrosternum millierei
rootborerCurculionidaeKyklioacalles barbarus
leafvagrantPentatomidaeStenozygum coloratum
leafvagrantLygaeidaeBagrada abeillei
leafvagrantLygaeidaeBagrada amoenula
leafvagrantLygaeidaeBagrada hilaris
leafvagrantPentatomidaeEurydema ornata
leafvagrantPentatomidaeNezara viridula
leafvagrantPentatomidaeAntheminia lunulata
leafvagrantPentatomidaeEurydema ventralis
leafvagrantPentatomidaeEurydema eckerleini
leafvagrantPieridaeColotis evagore
leafvagrantPieridaePieris brassicae
leafvagrantPieridaePieris rapae
flowerhiddenThripidaeFrankliniella occidentalis
rootvagrantChrysomelidaePhyllotreta diademata
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleurolobus marlatti
leafscaleDiaspididaeAspidiotus nerii
flowergallTephritidaeCapparimyia savastani
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeAsphondylia gennadii
flowergallCecidomyiidaeAsphondylia capparis
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula taurica
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza brassicae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza bryoniae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza xanthocera
leafminerCurculionidaeCeutorhynchus minutus
leafminerPlutellidaePlutella xylostella
leafminerTortricidaeSelania capparidana
leafpustuleAlbuginales AlbiginaceaeAlbugo capparis


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


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