organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
unknown unknown Scythrididae Scythris tenuivittella
leaf hidden Scythrididae Scythris cistorum
flower borer Gelechiidae Eulamprotes helotella
leaf vagrant Tortricidae Cacoecimorpha pronubana
fruit borer Pyralidae Acrobasis obliqua
leaf vagrant Pyralidae Acrobasis bithynella
leaf vagrant Pterophoridae Stangeia siceliota
leaf hidden Pyralidae Khorassania compositella
leaf hidden Tortricidae Lozotaenia cupidinana
leaf hidden Pyralidae Pempelia palumbella
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Dichomeris limbipunctellus
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Anacampsis scintillella
leaf bud borer Gelechiidae Neotelphusa huemeri
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria cisticola
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculops cuneatus
leaf vagrant Diptilomiopidae Asetadiptacus salvifoliae
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura andrieuxi
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura halimii
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura herminii
leaf miner Nepticulidae Parafomoria halimivora
leaf gall Aphididae Aphis helianthemi
unknown borer larva Apionidae Phrissotrichum tubuliferum
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Bemisia tabaci
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Bemisia afer
stem scale Coccidae Saissetia oleae
leaf scale Diaspididae Aspidiotus nerii
leaf scale Diaspididae Unaspis euonymi
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora eupreta
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis lichtensteini
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis lupoi
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis cisticola
fruit gall Apionidae Phrissotrichum rugicolle
flower gall Apionidae Phrissotrichum tubiferum
leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces orontii
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula taurica
leaf down Erysiphales Oidiopsis cisti
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora leptoclada
leaf miner Chrysomelidae Dicladispa testacea
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora bilineella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora confluella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora cyrniella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora helianthemella
leaf miner Crinopterygidae Crinopteryx familiella
leaf miner Elachistidae Perittia piperatella
leaf miner Gelechiidae Schistophila laurocistella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Triberta cistifoliella
leaf miner Momphidae Urodeta hibernella
leaf miner Momphidae Mompha miscella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Parafomoria cistivora
leaf miner Nepticulidae Parafomoria ladaniphila
leaf miner Nepticulidae Parafomoria liguricella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Parafomoria pseudocistivora
leaf miner Psychidae Apterona gracilis
leaf miner Psychidae Apterona helicinella
leaf miner Psychidae Apterona helicoidella
leaf miner Psychidae Apterona nylanderi
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
leaf vagrant Psyllidae Lisronia varicicosta
stem gall Apionidae Cistapion cyanescens
leaf vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum euphorbiae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


mod 19.i.2020