Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Helianthemum

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona espagnoli
fruitborerChrysomelidaeBruchidius cisti
fruitborerChrysomelidaeBruchidius tenerifensis
fruitborerChrysomelidaeBruchidius gavirai
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona euphorbiae
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona juliana
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeAphthona herbigrada
unknownunknownCurculionidaeStrophosoma valderejoi
unknownscaleEriococcidaeRhizococcus cistacearum
leafhiddenScythrididaeScythris flaviventrella
leafhiddenScythrididaeScythris fallacella
leafhiddenPyralidaeHypochalcia ahenella
leafminerGelechiidaeEpidola stigma
unknownunknownScythrididaeScythris cuspidella
unknownunknownScythrididaeScythris ridiculella
unknownunknownScythrididaeScythris flavilaterella
unknownunknownScythrididaeScythris clavella
leafhiddenScythrididaeScythris crassiuscula
leafhiddenScythrididaeScythris fuscoaenea
leafhiddenScythrididaeScythris crassiuscula
leafhiddenScythrididaeScythris fuscoaenea
unknownunknownPyralidaePempelia brephiella
leafhiddenPyralidaeKhorassania compositella
leafhiddenPyralidaePempelia palumbella
leafhiddenTortricidaeLozotaenia cupidinana
leafhiddenGelechiidaeAnacampsis scintillella
leafhiddenScythrididaeScythris vittella
unknownunknownCrambidaeMecyna trinalis
leafhiddenPyralidaeStemmatophora brunnealis
leafhiddenGelechiidaeNeotelphusa sequax
leafhiddenTortricidaePhiledone gerningana
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis rurinana
leaf budhiddendoubtfulTortricidaeCnephasia conspersana
leaf budhiddendoubtfulTortricidaeCnephasia conspersana
root collarhiddenTortricidaeEana penziana
root collarhiddenTortricidaeEana penziana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris aspersana
leafvagrantTortricidaeAphelia viburniana
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculus helianthemi
fruitborerGelechiidaeMesophleps silacella
fruitgalllarvaCurculionidaeMecinus alboscutellatus atratulus
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeMecinus alboscutellatus alboscutellatus
unknownunknownlarvaApionidaeHelianthemapion velatum
unknownborerlarvaRhynchitidaeInvolvulus aethiops
leafscaleDiaspididaeAspidiotus nerii
stemscaleDiaspididaeDiscodiaspis numidica
stemscaleDiaspididaeDiscodiaspis numidica
rootborerSesiidaePyropteron affinis
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis cisticola
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
systemicgallEriophyidaeAceria rosalia
fruitgallApionidaePhrissotrichum rugicolle
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura helianthemi
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces orontii
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula taurica
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera helianthemi
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora leptoclada
leafgallAphididaeAphis helianthemi
leafminerChrysomelidaeMantura matthewsi
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora bilineella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora cyrniella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora eupreta
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora helianthemella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora ochrea
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora potentillae
leafminerCrinopterygidaeCrinopteryx familiella
leafminerGracillariidaeTriberta helianthemella
leafminerLycaenidaeAricia agestis
leafminerMomphidaeUrodeta hibernella
leafminerMomphidaeMompha miscella
leafminerdoubtfulNepticulidaeStigmella diniensis
leafminerNepticulidaeParafomoria helianthemella
leafminerNepticulidaeParafomoria tingitella
leafminerPsychidaeApterona gracilis
leafminerPsychidaeApterona helicoidella
leafminerScythrididaeScythris picaepennis
leafminerScythrididaeScythris siccella
leafminerSomabrachyidaeSomabrachys aegrota
leafminerZygaenidaeAdscita geryon
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafunknownScythrididaeScythris dissimilella
stemgallApionidaeHelianthemapion aciculare
stemgallAsterolecaniidaePlanchonia arabidis
rootvagrantAphididaeAphis cliffortensis

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 28.vii.2020