Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Tuberaria guttata

spotted rock-rose

synonym: Helianthemum guttatum

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf vagrant Miridae Tinicephalus hortulanus
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Macroplax fasciata
seeds vagrant Lygaeidae Anomaloptera helianthemi
leaf vagrant Miridae Tinicephalus macciae
leaf vagrant rarely Miridae Megalocoleus delicatus
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Aricia cramera
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Malacosoma castrensis
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Malacosoma alpicola
leaf vagrant Geometridae Dyscia distinctaria
unknown unknown Apionidae Pseudaplemonus chevrolati
fruit borer Gelechiidae Mesophleps silacella
stem gall Apionidae Helianthemapion aciculare
unknown unknown larva Apionidae Helianthemapion velatum
systemic gall Eriophyidae Aceria rosalia
leaf down Erysiphales Podosphaera helianthemi
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora leptoclada
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora confluella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora eupreta
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora ochrea
leaf miner Gracillariidae Triberta helianthemella
leaf miner Psychidae Apterona helicoidella


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 22.iv.2022