Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Tilia

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantGeometridaeGeometra papilionaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeHemithea aestivaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeEnnomos alniaria
leafvagrantSphingidaeMimas tiliae
stemborerdoubtfulBuprestidaeAgrilus laticornis
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus obscuricollis
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus graminis
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus rosei
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia manca
stemborerBuprestidaeDicerca alni
stemborerBuprestidaeLamprodila rutilans
leafhiddenGelechiidaeCarpatolechia aenigma
leafvagrantCicadellidaeFagocyba cruenta
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEdwardsiana frustrator
leafvagrantCicadellidaeArboridia erecta
leafvagrantCixiidaeCixius cunicularius
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEurhadina ribauti
leafvagrantCicadellidaeOrientus ishidae
leafvagrantCicadellidaeArboridia ribauti
leafvagrantadultCicadellidaeIdiodonus cruentatus
leafvagrantadultCicadellidaeLamprotettix nitidulus
leafvagrantIssidaeIssus coleoptratus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEdwardsiana ampliata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeZygina rhamni
leafvagrantCicadellidaeZygina tiliae
leafvagrantCicadellidaeLedra aurita
leafvagrantCixiidaeCixius nervosus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEdwardsiana lethierryi
leafvagrantrarelyCicadellidaeRibautiana ulmi
leafvagrantCicadellidaeAlebra wahlbergi
leafvagrantCicadellidaePediopsis tiliae
leafvagrantCicadellidaeAguriahana stellulata
stemborerdoubtfulCurculionidaeErnoporicus fagi
stemborerCurculionidaeLymantor coryli
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborus dryographus
stemborerCurculionidaeErnoporicus caucasicus
stemborerCurculionidaeErnoporus tilliae
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus rugulosus
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborus dispar
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborinus saxesenii
stemborerCurculionidaeHypothenemus eruditus
leafvagrantTetranychidaeEotetranychus pruni
leafvagrantTetranychidaeEotetranychus cumtiliarium
leafvagrantThripidaeThrips major
leafvagrantThripidaeDendrothrips degeeri
leafvagrantThripidaeThrips calcaratus
leafvagrantTetranychidaeEotetranychus tiliarium
leaf budhiddenThripidaeTaeniothrips inconsequens
stemgallrarelyincertae sedisConiosporium corticale
rootscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus cingulatus
leafhiddenGelechiidaeDichomeris ustalella
leafhiddenPyralidaeSalebriopsis albicilla
stemscaleMargarodidaeXylococcus filiferus
leafhiddenElachistidaeSemioscopis avellanella
fruitunknowndoubtfulTortricidaePammene ignorata
leafhiddenGelechiidaeTeleiodes luculella
leafhiddendoubtfulYpsolophidaeYpsolopha parenthesella
leafhiddenTortricidaeEulia ministrana
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora leucopus
leafhiddenTortricidaeSyndemis musculana
leafhiddenTortricidaePandemis heparana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips podana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips crataegana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips xylosteana
leafvagrantTingidaeStephanitis pyri
leafhiddenTortricidaePandemis cerasana
stemscaleDiaspididaeDiaspidiotus ostreaeformis
leafhiddenTortricidaePtycholoma lecheana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAdoxophyes orana
leafhiddenTortricidaeTortricodes alternella
predatorTarsonemidaeDendroptus aculeus
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculus tiliaevagrans
leafvagrantEriophyidaeEriophyes tiliaetomentosae
leafvagrantEriophyidaeTetra tiliae
leafvagrantDiptilomiopidaeRhyncaphytoptus ulmivora
stemborerGelechiidaeChrysoclista linneella
leafgalllarvaRhynchitidaeDeporaus betulae
leafgalllarvamainRhynchitidaeByctiscus betulae
leafscaleAleyrodidaeTrialeurodes vaporariorum
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAsterobemisia carpini
leafscaleAleyrodidaePealius quercus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeCaliroa annulipes
stemscaleDiaspididaeLepidosaphes ulmi
stemborerCecidomyiidaeResseliella quercivora
stemborerPsilidaeChyliza leptogaster
stemscaleCoccidaePulvinaria regalis
leafscaleCoccidaePulvinaria hydrangeae
root collarvagrantAphididaeStomaphis wojciechowskii
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe tiliae
leafleaf spotHelotialesCristulariella depraedans
leafgallspring generationAphididaePatchiella reaumuri
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura thomasiana
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura tiliae
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDidymomyia tiliacea
leafgallCecidomyiidaePhysemocecis hartigi
leafgallDiaporthalesApiognomonia errabunda
leafgallEriophyidaeEriophyes exilis
leafgallEriophyidaeEriophyes tiliae
leafgallPhytoptidaePhytoptus abnormis
leafgallPhytoptidaePhytoptus bursarius
leafgallPhytoptidaePhytoptus erinotes
leafgallPhytoptidaePhytoptus stenoporus
leafgallPhytoptidaePhytoptus tetratrichus
leafminerrarelyBucculatricidaeBucculatrix albedinella
leafminerBucculatricidaeBucculatrix thoracella
leafminerBuprestidaeTrachys minutus
leafminerdoubtfulColeophoridaeColeophora ahenella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora anatipenella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora siccifolia
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora violacea
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter issikii
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter messaniella
leafminerIncurvariidaeIncurvaria koerneriella
leafminerIncurvariidaeIncurvaria masculella
leafminerIncurvariidaeIncurvaria pectinea
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella tiliae
leafminerRoeslerstammiidaeRoeslerstammia erxlebella
leafminerTenthredinidaeParna apicalis
leafminerTenthredinidaeParna tenella
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculus argenteae
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculus ballei
stemgallCecidomyiidaeContarinia ramicola
stemgallCecidomyiidaeContarinia tiliarum
stemgallDiaspididaeChionaspis salicis
stemgallSantalaceaeViscum album
predatorCecidomyiidaeLestodiplosis frirenii
inquilineCecidomyiidaeLasioptera tiliarum
inquilineCecidomyiidaeMacrolabis floricola
leafvagrantAphididaeEucallipterus tiliae
stemscaleCoccidaeParthenolecanium corni
stemscalePseudococcidaePhenacoccus aceris
stemscaleCoccidaeEulecanium tiliae
leafleaf spotDothidealesParaconiothyrium tiliae
stemscaledoubtfulCoccidaeParthenolecanium rufulum
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeRhopalosiphum padi

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 3.v.2021