organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf vagrant Diptilomiopidae Rhyncaphytoptus ulmivora
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Eotetranychus tiliarum
stem borer Gelechiidae Chrysoclista linneella
leaf gall larva Rhynchitidae Deporaus betulae
leaf gall larva main Rhynchitidae Byctiscus betulae
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Trialeurodes vaporariorum
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Asterobemisia carpini
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Pealius quercus
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Caliroa annulipes
stem scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes ulmi
stem borer Cecidomyiidae Resseliella quercivora
stem borer Psilidae Chyliza leptogaster
stem scale Coccidae Pulvinaria regalis
leaf scale Coccidae Pulvinaria hydrangeae
root collar vagrant Aphididae Stomaphis wojciechowskii
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe tiliae
leaf leaf spot Helotiales Cristulariella depraedans
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Patchiella reaumuri
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura thomasiana
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura tiliae
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Didymomyia tiliacea
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Physemocecis hartigi
leaf gall Diaporthales Apiognomonia errabunda
leaf gall Eriophyidae Eriophyes exilis
leaf gall Eriophyidae Eriophyes tiliae
leaf gall Phytoptidae Phytoptus abnormis
leaf gall Phytoptidae Phytoptus bursarius
leaf gall Phytoptidae Phytoptus erinotes
leaf gall Phytoptidae Phytoptus stenoporus
leaf gall Phytoptidae Phytoptus tetratrichus
leaf miner rarely Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix albedinella
leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix thoracella
leaf miner Buprestidae Trachys minutus
leaf miner doubtful Coleophoridae Coleophora ahenella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora anatipenella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora siccifolia
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter issikii
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter messaniella
leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria koerneriella
leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria masculella
leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria pectinea
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella tiliae
leaf miner Roeslerstammiidae Roeslerstammia erxlebella
leaf miner Tenthredinidae Parna apicalis
leaf miner Tenthredinidae Parna tenella
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculus argenteae
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculus ballei
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia ramicola
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia tiliarum
stem gall Diaspididae Chionaspis salicis
stem gall Santalaceae Viscum album
predator Cecidomyiidae Lestodiplosis frirenii
inquiline Cecidomyiidae Lasioptera tiliarum
inquiline Cecidomyiidae Macrolabis floricola
leaf vagrant Aphididae Eucallipterus tiliae
stem scale Coccidae Parthenolecanium corni
stem scale Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus aceris
stem scale Coccidae Eulecanium tiliae
leaf leaf spot Dothideales Paraconiothyrium tiliae
stem scale doubtful Coccidae Parthenolecanium rufulum
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Rhopalosiphum padi

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

mod 19.ix.2019