Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Tilia platyphyllos

large-leaved lime

synonym: Tilia grandifolia, platyphyllos subsp. cordifolia, rubra

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
stemborerBuprestidaeLamprodila rutilans
leafvagrantCicadellidaePediopsis tiliae
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEdwardsiana lethierryi
leafvagrantCicadellidaeAguriahana stellulata
stemborerCurculionidaeErnoporicus caucasicus
leafvagrantTetranychidaeEotetranychus pruni
leafvagrantTetranychidaeEotetranychus cumtiliarium
leafgalllarvaRhynchitidaeByctiscus betulae
leaf budhiddenThripidaeTaeniothrips inconsequens
stemgallDiaspididaeChionaspis salicis
stemscaleDiaspididaeDiaspidiotus ostreaeformis
leafvagrantTetranychidaeEotetranychus tiliarium
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAsterobemisia carpini
leafscaleAleyrodidaePealius quercus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeCaliroa annulipes
stemscaleCoccidaePulvinaria regalis
stemscaleCoccidaeParthenolecanium corni
stemscalePseudococcidaePhenacoccus aceris
stemborerPsilidaeChyliza leptogaster
stemborerCecidomyiidaeResseliella quercivora
leafscaleCoccidaePulvinaria hydrangeae
leafgallspring generationAphididaePatchiella reaumuri
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura thomasiana
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura tiliae
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDidymomyia tiliacea
leafgallCecidomyiidaePhysemocecis hartigi
leafgallEriophyidaeEriophyes exilis
leafgallEriophyidaeEriophyes tiliae
leafgallPhytoptidaePhytoptus bursarius
leafgallPhytoptidaePhytoptus stenoporus
leafminerBucculatricidaeBucculatrix thoracella
leafminerBuprestidaeTrachys minutus
leafminerdoubtfulColeophoridaeColeophora ahenella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter issikii
leafminerIncurvariidaeIncurvaria masculella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella tiliae
leafminerTenthredinidaeParna apicalis
leafminerTenthredinidaeParna tenella
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculus ballei
stemgallCecidomyiidaeContarinia ramicola
stemgallCecidomyiidaeContarinia tiliarum
leafvagrantAphididaeEucallipterus tiliae
stemscaleCoccidaeEulecanium tiliae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeRhopalosiphum padi


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 21.ii.2021