Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Tilia platyphyllos

large-leaved lime

synonym: Tilia grandifolia, platyphyllos subsp. cordifolia, platyphyllos subsp. pseudorubra, rubra

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Aegosoma scabricorne
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Stenostola dubia
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Oplosia cinerea
leaf vagrant Geometridae Jodis lactearia
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Exocentrus lusitanus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Mesosa nebulosa
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Saperda octopunctata
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Prionus coriarius
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Stictoleptura erythroptera
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Mesosa curculionoides
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Brevipalpus tiliae
leaf miner Roeslerstammiidae Roeslerstammia erxlebella
leaf leaf spot Dothideomycetes incertae sedis Asteromella praetervisa
leaf leaf spot Didymosphaeriaceae Paraconiothyrium tiliae
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Paracercosporidium microsorum
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta tiliicola
fruit vagrant Lygaeidae Kleidocerys resedae
predator Anthocoridae Anthocoris nemoralis
leaf vagrant Miridae Pinalitus cervinus
predator Miridae Heterotoma planicornis
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthotylus viridinervis
leaf vagrant Miridae Reuteria marqueti
predator Miridae Campyloneura virgula
leaf vagrant Miridae Neolygus viridis
leaf vagrant Miridae Reuteria marqueti
leaf vagrant Miridae Phytocoris longipennis
stem vagrant Pentatomidae Palomena prasina
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Oxycarenus lavaterae
leaf vagrant rarely Miridae Psallus perrisi
fruit vagrant Pyrrhocoridae Pyrrhocoris apterus
leaf vagrant Limacodidae Heterogenea asella
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Anorthoa munda
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Cosmia trapezina
stem borer younger larva Noctuidae Tiliacea citrago
leaf vagrant older larva Noctuidae Tiliacea citrago
leaf hidden Noctuidae Eupsilia transversa
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Amphipyra berbera
leaf vagrant Geometridae Agriopis aurantiaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Lycia hirtaria
leaf vagrant Drepanidae Sabra harpagula
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Poecilocampa populi
leaf vagrant Saturniidae Aglia tau
leaf vagrant Sphingidae Mimas tiliae
leaf vagrant Notodontidae Phalera bucephala
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia egenaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Operophtera brumata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Chloroclysta siterata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Erannis defoliaria
stem borer Buprestidae Lamprodila rutilans
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Pediopsis tiliae
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Edwardsiana lethierryi
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Aguriahana stellulata
stem borer Curculionidae Ernoporicus caucasicus
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Eotetranychus pruni
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Eotetranychus cumtiliarium
leaf gall larva Rhynchitidae Byctiscus betulae
leaf bud hidden Thripidae Taeniothrips inconsequens
stem gall Diaspididae Chionaspis salicis
stem scale Diaspididae Diaspidiotus ostreaeformis
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Eotetranychus tiliarium
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Asterobemisia carpini
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Pealius quercus
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Caliroa annulipes
stem scale Coccidae Pulvinaria regalis
stem scale Coccidae Parthenolecanium corni
stem scale Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus aceris
stem borer Psilidae Chyliza leptogaster
stem borer Cecidomyiidae Resseliella quercivora
leaf scale Coccidae Pulvinaria hydrangeae
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Patchiella reaumuri
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura thomasiana
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura tiliae
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Didymomyia tiliacea
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Physemocecis hartigi
leaf gall Eriophyidae Eriophyes exilis
leaf gall Eriophyidae Eriophyes tiliae
leaf gall Phytoptidae Phytoptus bursarius
leaf gall Phytoptidae Phytoptus stenoporus
leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix thoracella
leaf miner Buprestidae Trachys minutus
leaf miner doubtful Coleophoridae Coleophora ahenella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter issikii
leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria masculella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella tiliae
leaf miner Tenthredinidae Parna apicalis
leaf miner Tenthredinidae Parna tenella
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculus ballei
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia ramicola
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia tiliarum
leaf vagrant Aphididae Eucallipterus tiliae
stem scale Coccidae Eulecanium tiliae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Rhopalosiphum padi


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 13.viii.2023