Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Punica

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Chondrostega escobesae
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta punica
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria ambigua
stem borer Cossidae Zeuzera pyrina
fruit vagrant Pyralidae Apomyelois ceratoniae
predator Aphelinidae Encarsia inaron
flower vagrant Coreidae Leptoglossus gonagra
leaf vagrant Ricaniidae Ricania speculum
leaf vagrant Miridae Calocoris costae
leaf vagrant Miridae Closterotomus putoni
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Apodiphus amygdali
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Bagrada amoenula
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Dolycoris baccarum
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Peribalus strictus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Apodiphus integriceps
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Acrosternum breviceps
leaf predator Pentatomidae Acrosternum heegeri
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Pausias martini
stem scale Coccidae Saissetia oleae
scale Diaspididae Chrysomphalus aonidum
scale Coccidae Parasaissetia nigra
stem borer Buprestidae Capnodis tenebrionis
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleurothrixus floccosus
stem borer adult Bostrichidae Schistoceros bimaculatus
leaf scale Diaspididae Aspidiotus nerii
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Brevipalpus obovatus
stem scale Coccidae Ceroplastes rusci
leaf vagrant Erebidae Ophiusa tirhaca
leaf vagrant Erebidae Dysgonia algira
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeodera pulchra
leaf vagrant Pyralidae Cryptoblabes gnidiella
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeodera pulchra
stem borer Buprestidae Perotis chlorana
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia muliebris
leaf vagrant Ricaniidae Ricania hedenborgi
stem borer Curculionidae Xyleborus dispar
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella intonsa
stem scale Pseudococcidae Planococcus ficus
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Tenuipalpus granati
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Tenuipalpus punicae
systemic vagrant Tenuipalpidae Cenopalpus lanceolatisetae
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Brevipalpus lewisi
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Trialeurodes vaporariorum
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleurodicus dispersus
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Bemisia tabaci
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Acaudaleyrodes rachipora
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Siphoninus phillyreae
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleurocanthus spiniferus
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis nasturtii
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Cenopalpus pulcher
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae fabae
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis gossypii
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe punicae
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria granati
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis punicae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 2.i.2023