Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Punica granatum


organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
fruitvagrantPyralidaeApomyelois ceratoniae
predatorAphelinidaeEncarsia inaron
leafvagrantRicaniidaeRicania speculum
leafvagrantMiridaeCalocoris costae
leafvagrantMiridaeClosterotomus putoni
leafvagrantPentatomidaeRhaphigaster nebulosa
leafvagrantPentatomidaeApodiphus amygdali
leafvagrantLygaeidaeBagrada amoenula
leafvagrantPentatomidaeDolycoris baccarum
leafvagrantPentatomidaePeribalus strictus
leafvagrantPentatomidaeApodiphus integriceps
leafvagrantPentatomidaeAcrosternum breviceps
leafpredatorPentatomidaeAcrosternum heegeri
leafvagrantPentatomidaePausias martini
stemscaleCoccidaeSaissetia oleae
scaleDiaspididaeChrysomphalus aonidum
scaleCoccidaeParasaissetia nigra
stemborerBuprestidaeCapnodis tenebrionis
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleurothrixus floccosus
stemboreradultBostrichidaeSchistoceros bimaculatus
leafscaleDiaspididaeAspidiotus nerii
leafvagrantTenuipalpidaeBrevipalpus obovatus
stemscaleCoccidaeCeroplastes rusci
leafvagrantErebidaeOphiusa tirhaca
leafvagrantErebidaeDysgonia algira
stemborerBuprestidaeAcmaeodera pulchra
leafvagrantPyralidaeCryptoblabes gnidiella
stemborerBuprestidaeAcmaeodera pulchra
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia muliebris
flowerhiddenThripidaeFrankliniella intonsa
stemscalePseudococcidaePlanococcus ficus
leafvagrantTenuipalpidaeTenuipalpus granati
leafvagrantTenuipalpidaeTenuipalpus punicae
systemicvagrantTenuipalpidaeCenopalpus lanceolatisetae
leafvagrantTenuipalpidaeBrevipalpus lewisi
leafscaleAleyrodidaeTrialeurodes vaporariorum
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleurodicus dispersus
leafscaleAleyrodidaeBemisia tabaci
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAcaudaleyrodes rachipora
leafscaleAleyrodidaeSiphoninus phillyreae
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleurocanthus spiniferus
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis nasturtii
leafvagrantTenuipalpidaeCenopalpus pulcher
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis craccivora
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis gossypii
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe punicae
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria granati
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis punicae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 22.v.2022