Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Chamerion

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Romualdius scaber
stem borer Momphidae Mompha confusella
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria epilobii
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Passalora heterospora
leaf leaf spot Dothideomycetes Asteromella ludwigii
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia chamaenerii
leaf leaf spot Dothideales Phaeoramularia punctiformis
leaf vagrant rarely Miridae Macrotylus herrichi
leaf vagrant doubtful Miridae Strongylocoris niger
predator Miridae Deraeocoris scutellaris
leaf vagrant Miridae Apolygus spinolae
leaf vagrant Miridae Lygocoris pabulinus
predator Miridae Phytocoris nowickyi
leaf vagrant Miridae Adelphocoris lineolatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Brachycoleus decolor
leaf vagrant Miridae Lygus gemellatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Lygus rugulipennis
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthops kalmii
leaf vagrant Miridae Plagiognathus bipunctatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Plagiognathus chrysanthemi
predator Miridae Dicyphus epilobii
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Phyllobius glaucus
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleyrodes lonicerae
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Xestia c-nigrum
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Standfussiana lucernea
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Mamestra brassicae
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Hyppa rectilinea
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Xylena vetusta
leaf vagrant Geometridae Ematurga atomaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Ecliptopera silaceata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Dysstroma citrata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Spargania luctuata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Orthonama vittata
leaf vagrant Sphingidae Deilephila elpenor
leaf vagrant Sphingidae Hyles gallii
leaf vagrant Sphingidae Proserpinus proserpina
leaf vagrant doubtful Tenthredinidae Siobla ruficornis
leaf vagrant Cixiidae Cixius distinguendus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Sonronius binotatus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Evacanthus interruptus
leaf vagrant Phlaeothripidae Liothrips austriacus
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips flavus
leaf vagrant Phlaeothripidae Liothrips setinodis
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Altica ampelophaga
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Altica chamaenerii
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Altica lythri
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Altica palustris
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Altica impressicollis
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Bromius obscurus
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Tenthredo silensis
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Tenthredo colon
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Aglaostigma langei
leaf hidden Scythrididae Scythris inspersella
leaf hidden Scythrididae Scythris noricella
leaf hidden Momphidae Mompha conturbatella
leaf hidden Tortricidae Clepsis spectrana
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia stephensiana
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia stephensiana
leaf vagrant doubtful Aphididae Aphis praeterita
root borer Momphidae Mompha idaei
fruit borer summer generation Momphidae Mompha sturnipennella
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura epilobii
leaf down Erysiphales Podosphaera epilobii
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura kiefferiana
leaf gall Diaporthales Apiognomonia errabunda
leaf gall Eriophyidae Phyllocoptes epilobiorum
leaf miner Momphidae Mompha epilobiella
leaf miner Momphidae Mompha langiella
leaf miner Momphidae Mompha raschkiella
leaf miner Momphidae Mompha sexstrigella
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia pulverulenta
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Pucciniastrum epilobii
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia gigantea
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis frangulae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis salicariae
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Epitrimerus chamaenerii
stem borer spring generation Momphidae Mompha sturnipennella
stem gall main Curculionidae Auleutes epilobii
stem gall doubtful Momphidae Mompha divisella
root gall Psyllidae Craspedolepta nebulosa
root gall Psyllidae Craspedolepta subpunctata
leaf vagrant summer generation main Aphididae Aphis frangulae frangulae
systemic vagrant Aphididae Aphis mirifica
stem vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum tinctum
leaf vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum lisae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 29.iv.2023