Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Pistacia

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
stem scale Coccidae Eulecanium tiliae
unknown scale Coccidae Eulecanium rugulosum
unknown scale Coccidae Eulecanium pistaciae
stem scale Coccidae Filippia follicularis
unknown unknown Curculionidae Pseudomeira silvanaedicata
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Calomicrus malkini
leaf vagrant adult Cercopidae Cercopis intermedia
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus cribricollis
unknown unknown Curculionidae Heteromeira caprasiae
unknown unknown Curculionidae Pseudomeira abbazzii
unknown unknown Curculionidae Pseudomeira bartolii
unknown unknown Curculionidae Pseudomeira holdhausi
unknown unknown Curculionidae Pseudomeira rudis
root vagrant Curculionidae Trachyphloeus laticollis
unknown unknown Curculionidae Romualdius peyerimhoffi
unknown unknown Curculionidae Romualdius canaliculatus
unknown unknown Curculionidae Pseudomeira inviridis
unknown unknown Curculionidae Pseudomeira eremita
unknown unknown Curculionidae Meirella suturella
unknown unknown Curculionidae Heteromeiropsis valentiana
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Pseudomeira foveithorax
unknown unknown Curculionidae Pseudomeira transversicollis
unknown unknown Curculionidae Pseudomeira incognita
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips intermedius
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips meridionalis
leaf vagrant Thripidae Thrips major
leaf vagrant Thripidae Mycterothrips albidicornis
unknown unknown Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips knechteli
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips gloriosus
leaf predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips versicolor
unknown unknown Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips andresi
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia winkleri
stem vagrant Dictyopharidae Dictyophara asiatica
stem vagrant Dictyopharidae Dictyophara xiphias
stem vagrant Issidae Bubastia suturalis
leaf gall Aphrophoridae Philaenus spumarius
unknown unknown Buprestidae Julodis armeniaca
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Chlorophorus sartor
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Anaesthetis testacea
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Deroplia genei
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Rhagium phrygium
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Purpuricenus desfontainii
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Ropalopus clavipes
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Stenopterus flavicornis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Stictoleptura cordigera
stem borer Cerambycidae Trichoferus griseus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Nathrius cypericus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Axinopalpis gracilis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Xylotrechus stebbingi
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Nathrius brevipennis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Brachypteroma ottomanum
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Callimus abdominalis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Clytus rhamni
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Chlorophorus sartor
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Niphona picticornis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Glaphyra umbellatarum
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Gracilia minuta
stem borer Cerambycidae Penichroa fasciata
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Purpuricenus kaehleri
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Grammoptera baudii
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Hesperophanes sericeus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Trichoferus holosericeus
stem borer Cerambycidae Trichoferus fasciculatus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Purpuricenus budensis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Stenopterus ater
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Stenopterus mauritanicus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Stromatium auratum
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Stenopterus rufus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Chlorophorus varius
stem borer Cerambycidae Trichoferus fasciculatus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Prinobius myardi
unknown scale Diaspididae Salicicola kermanensis
leaf scale Diaspididae Suturaspis pistaciae
unknown scale Diaspididae Diaspis syriaca
leaf scale Diaspididae Mercetaspis halli
leaf scale Diaspididae Suturaspis davatchi
leaf vagrant adult Chrysomelidae Macrolenes dentipes
unknown scale Diaspididae Epidiaspis gennadii
leaf scale Diaspididae Unaspis euonymi
stem scale Diaspididae Diaspidiotus ostreaeformis
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Brevipalpus lewisi
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia millefolii
stem borer Curculionidae Xylosandrus crassiusculus
leaf vagrant Pyralidae Pleuroptya balteata
stem vagrant Dictyopharidae Dictyophara lindbergi
systemic scale Diaspididae Parlatoria oleae
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Zyginella pulchra
leaf vagrant Tingidae Monosteira unicostata
leaf scale Coccidae Coccus hesperidum
stem scale Coccidae Ceroplastes japonicus
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Celastrina argiolus
root film Xylariaceae Dematophora necatrix
stem film Peronosporaceae Phytophthora nicotianae
root film Peronosporaceae Phytophthora citricola
systemic film Peronosporaceae Phytophthora citrophthora
root film Plectosphaerellaceae Verticillium albo-atrum
leaf leaf spot Amphisphaeriaceae Pestalotia eugeniae
leaf leaf spot Ascomycota incertae sedis Pestalozzina pistaciae
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria pistaciae
leaf leaf spot Ascomycota incertae sedis Septogloeum pistaciae
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta terebinthi
seeds film Eremotheciaceae Eremothecium coryli
leaf leaf spot Diaporthaceae Phomopsis lentisci
leaf leaf spot Dothioraceae Dothiora pistaciae
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Pseudocercospora pistacina
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria pistaciarum
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria protearum
stem kanker Xylariaceae Biscogniauxia mediterranea
stem kanker Delonicicolaceae Liberomyces pistaciae
unknown unknown Gelechiidae Teleiopsis terebinthinella
stem scale Coccidae Anapulvinaria pistaciae
unknown unknown Gelechiidae Palumbina guerinii
unknown unknown Gelechiidae Altenia modesta
fruit vagrant Pyralidae Apomyelois ceratoniae
fruit vagrant Lygaeidae Nysius cymoides
predator Anthocoridae Orius laevigatus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Polydrusus calabricus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Polydrusus angustus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Polydrusus baudii
leaf vagrant Miridae Campylomma lindbergi
leaf vagrant Scutelleridae Solenosthedium bilunatum
predator Anthocoridae Cardiastethus fasciiventris
leaf vagrant Miridae Lepidargyrus ancorifer
flower vagrant Scutelleridae Eurygaster testudinaria
leaf predator Pentatomidae Acrosternum heegeri
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Dryadocoris apicalis
leaf vagrant Miridae Mimocoris rugicollis
leaf predator Pentatomidae Acrosternum heegeri
leaf vagrant Miridae Phytocoris longipennis
leaf vagrant Miridae Closterotomus picturatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Heterocordylus carbonellus
leaf vagrant Miridae Closterotomus krueperi
predator Anthocoridae Anthocoris nemoralis
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Palomena viridissima
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Mustha longispinis
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Pausias martini
predator Anthocoridae Anthocoris minki
root vagrant doubtful Cydnidae Amaurocoris curtus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Apodiphus amygdali
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Dolycoris baccarum
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Peribalus strictus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Mustha vicina
leaf vagrant doubtful Scutelleridae Eurygaster integriceps
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Acrosternum millierei
leaf vagrant Phlaeothripidae Allothrips pillichellus
predator Miridae Campyloneura virgula
predator Miridae Heterotoma planicornis
predator Miridae Heterotoma diversipes
leaf vagrant Coreidae Gonocerus insidiator
leaf vagrant Coreidae Plinachtus imitator
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Placotettix taeniatifrons
leaf vagrant Miridae Heterotoma merioptera
leaf vagrant Rhopalidae Liorhyssus hyalinus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus meridionalis
stem scale Diaspididae Leucaspis riccae
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia lentiscata
leaf vagrant Erebidae Grammodes stolida
leaf scale Coccidae Ceroplastes floridensis
leaf vagrant Pieridae Gonepteryx farinosa
stem scale Diaspididae Epidiaspis leperii
scale Coccidae Pulvinaria psidii
scale Diaspididae Melanaspis inopinata
scale Diaspididae Chrysomphalus dictyospermi
stem scale Margarodidae Icerya purchasi
stem scale Diaspididae Dynaspidiotus britannicus
stem borer Cerambycidae Deroplia troberti
stem scale Coccidae Ceroplastes rusci
leaf vagrant Erebidae Ophiusa tirhaca
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Streblote panda
leaf vagrant doubtful Euteliidae Eutelia adoratrix
leaf vagrant Euteliidae Eutelia adulatrix
leaf vagrant Geometridae Colotois pennaria
leaf vagrant Notodontidae Thaumetopoea solitaria
leaf vagrant Erebidae Lymantria dispar
leaf vagrant Erebidae Orgyia trigotephras
leaf vagrant Erebidae Parocneria terebinthi
leaf vagrant Erebidae Ocneria rubea
leaf vagrant Geometridae Menophra abruptaria
leaf hidden Tortricidae Archips xylosteana
leaf vagrant Sphingidae Akbesia davidi
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeodera prunneri
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia hungarica
stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus marozzini
stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus gianassoi
fruit borer Torymidae Megastigmus pistaciae
flower borer Eurytomidae Eurytoma plotnikovi
stem borer doubtful Buprestidae Agrilus derasofasciatus
stem borer Buprestidae Melanophila cuspidata
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeodera crinita
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia thalassophila
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia scylla
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeoderella virgulata
stem borer Buprestidae Capnodis cariosa
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeodera saxicola
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeodera simulans
stem borer Buprestidae Capnodis cariosa
stem borer doubtful Buprestidae Galbella felix
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeoderella densisquamis
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeoderella despecta
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia cichorii
stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus sylviae
stem borer Buprestidae Capnodis porosa
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia sponsa
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia brevis
stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus roscidus
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeodera cylindrica
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeodera pilosellae
stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus marozzinii
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeoderella adspersula
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia millefolii
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia scutellaris
root borer Buprestidae Perotis unicolor
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia umbellatarum
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Hespericerus brusinae
leaf vagrant Issidae Latilica tunetana
leaf vagrant Issidae Latilica maculipes
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Bugraia ocularis
stem borer Curculionidae Chaetoptelius vestitus
stem borer Curculionidae Carphoborus perrisi
stem borer Curculionidae Hypothenemus eruditus
stem borer Curculionidae Phloeotribus scarabaeoides
flower borer Curculionidae Pseudocoeliodes rubricus
stem borer Curculionidae Carphoborus perrisi
unknown unknown Rhynchitidae Auletobius gaditanus
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips minutissimus
leaf vagrant Phlaeothripidae Liothrips austriacus
leaf vagrant Phlaeothripidae Compsothrips albosignatus
unknown unknown Chrysomelidae Psylliodes algirica
leaf vagrant adult Chrysomelidae Ochrosis ventralis
stem scale Coccidae Parthenolecanium persicae
stem scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes pistaciae
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Carpatolechia decorella
fruit borer Gelechiidae Schneidereria pistaciella
unknown unknown Tortricidae Lozotaenia mabilliana
inquiline Pyralidae Alophia combustella
stem borer Gelechiidae Istrianis femoralis
leaf hidden Tortricidae Lozotaenia cupidinana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Adoxophyes orana
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Cenopalpus pistaciae
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Tenuipalpus granati
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Anthocoptes recki
leaf scale Coccidae Lichtensia viburni
stem scale Coccidae Saissetia oleae
stem scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes ulmi
leaf scale Diaspididae Aspidiotus nerii
systemic scale Diaspididae Parlatoria pergandii
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Cenopalpus pulcher
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Rectinasus buxtoni
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis frangulae
flower gall Eriophyidae Aceria pistaciae
leaf down Erysiphales Phyllactinia pistaciae
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Smynthurodes betae
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Aploneura lentisci
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Baizongia pistaciae
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Forda formicaria
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Forda marginata
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Forda riccobonii
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Geoica utricularia
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Paracletus cimiciformis
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria stefanii
leaf gall Psyllidae Megagonoscena gallicola
leaf gall Psyllidae Megagonoscena viridis
leaf gall Psyllidae Agonoscena cisti
leaf gall Psyllidae Agonoscena pistaciae
leaf gall main Psyllidae Agonoscena targionii
leaf miner doubtful Chrysomelidae Ochrosis ventralis
leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia coruscans
leaf miner Gracillariidae Cupedia cupediella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Simplimorpha promissa
leaf miner Nepticulidae Acalyptris minimella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Acalyptris pistaciae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Brachycaudus helichrysi
leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia terebinthivora
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Pileolaria terebinthi

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 25.i.2024