Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Pistacia atlantica

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
unknownunknownGelechiidaePalumbina guerinii
unknownunknownGelechiidaeAltenia modesta
predatorEupelmidaeEupelmus pistaciae
leafvagrantNotodontidaeThaumetopoea solitaria
leafvagrantPentatomidaeAcrosternum millierei
leafvagrantCoreidaePlinachtus imitator
scaleCoccidaePulvinaria psidii
scaleDiaspididaeMelanaspis inopinata
leafvagrantSphingidaeAkbesia davidi
fruitborerTorymidaeMegastigmus pistaciae
stemborerBuprestidaeAcmaeoderella adspersula
stemborerBuprestidaeAcmaeodera saxicola
stemborerBuprestidaeAcmaeodera simulans
stemborerBuprestidaeAcmaeoderella densisquamis
stemborerBuprestidaeAcmaeoderella despecta
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia cichorii
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus sylviae
stemborerCurculionidaeChaetoptelius vestitus
leafvagrantPhlaeothripidaeLiothrips austriacus
inquilinePyralidaeAlophia combustella
leafgallspring generationAphididaeForda marginata
leafgallspring generationdoubtfulAphididaeBaizongia pistaciae
leafgallspring generationdoubtfulAphididaeGeoica utricularia
leafgallspring generationdoubtfulAphididaeForda formicaria
leafgallPsyllidaeAgonoscena targionii
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis frangulae
flowergallEriophyidaeAceria pistaciae
leafdownErysiphalesPhyllactinia pistaciae
leafgallspring generationAphididaeForda riccobonii
leafgallspring generationAphididaeSmynthurodes betae
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria stefanii
leafgallPsyllidaeAgonoscena pistaciae
leafgallPsyllidaeMegagonoscena viridis
leafminerGracillariidaeCaloptilia coruscans
leafminerNepticulidaeSimplimorpha promissa
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPileolaria terebinthi


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 9.vii.2022