Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Pistacia atlantica

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
unknown unknown Gelechiidae Palumbina guerinii
unknown unknown Gelechiidae Altenia modesta
predator Eupelmidae Eupelmus pistaciae
leaf vagrant Notodontidae Thaumetopoea solitaria
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Acrosternum millierei
leaf vagrant Coreidae Plinachtus imitator
scale Coccidae Pulvinaria psidii
scale Diaspididae Melanaspis inopinata
leaf vagrant Sphingidae Akbesia davidi
fruit borer Torymidae Megastigmus pistaciae
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeoderella adspersula
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeodera saxicola
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeodera simulans
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeoderella densisquamis
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeoderella despecta
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia cichorii
stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus sylviae
stem borer Curculionidae Chaetoptelius vestitus
leaf vagrant Phlaeothripidae Liothrips austriacus
inquiline Pyralidae Alophia combustella
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Forda marginata
leaf gall spring generation doubtful Aphididae Baizongia pistaciae
leaf gall spring generation doubtful Aphididae Geoica utricularia
leaf gall spring generation doubtful Aphididae Forda formicaria
leaf gall Psyllidae Agonoscena targionii
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis frangulae
flower gall Eriophyidae Aceria pistaciae
leaf down Erysiphales Phyllactinia pistaciae
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Forda riccobonii
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Smynthurodes betae
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria stefanii
leaf gall Psyllidae Agonoscena pistaciae
leaf gall Psyllidae Megagonoscena viridis
leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia coruscans
leaf miner Nepticulidae Simplimorpha promissa
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Pileolaria terebinthi


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 9.vii.2022