Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Pistacia lentiscus

lentisk, mastic

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
unknown unknown Curculionidae Pseudomeira silvanaedicata
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus cribricollis
unknown unknown Curculionidae Heteromeira caprasiae
unknown unknown Curculionidae Pseudomeira abbazzii
unknown unknown Curculionidae Pseudomeira bartolii
unknown unknown Curculionidae Pseudomeira holdhausi
unknown unknown Curculionidae Pseudomeira rudis
root vagrant Curculionidae Trachyphloeus laticollis
unknown unknown Curculionidae Romualdius peyerimhoffi
unknown unknown Curculionidae Romualdius canaliculatus
unknown unknown Curculionidae Pseudomeira inviridis
unknown unknown Curculionidae Pseudomeira eremita
unknown unknown Curculionidae Meirella suturella
unknown unknown Curculionidae Heteromeiropsis valentiana
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Pseudomeira foveithorax
unknown unknown Curculionidae Pseudomeira transversicollis
unknown unknown Curculionidae Pseudomeira incognita
leaf vagrant Thripidae Thrips major
unknown unknown Buprestidae Julodis armeniaca
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Nathrius brevipennis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Gracilia minuta
stem borer Cerambycidae Trichoferus fasciculatus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Purpuricenus budensis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Niphona picticornis
stem borer Cerambycidae Penichroa fasciata
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Purpuricenus kaehleri
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Grammoptera baudii
leaf gall Aphididae Geoica utricularia
unknown scale Diaspididae Epidiaspis gennadii
leaf scale Diaspididae Unaspis euonymi
stem scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes pistaciae
leaf scale Diaspididae Suturaspis pistaciae
leaf vagrant adult Chrysomelidae Macrolenes dentipes
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia millefolii
stem borer Curculionidae Xylosandrus crassiusculus
systemic scale Diaspididae Parlatoria oleae
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Celastrina argiolus
leaf leaf spot Diaporthaceae Phomopsis lentisci
leaf leaf spot Dothioraceae Dothiora pistaciae
predator Eupelmidae Eupelmus gemellus
predator Eupelmidae Eupelmus pistaciae
predator Eulophidae Chrysocharis gemma
predator Anthocoridae Orius laevigatus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Polydrusus calabricus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Polydrusus angustus
leaf predator Pentatomidae Acrosternum heegeri
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Dryadocoris apicalis
leaf vagrant Miridae Mimocoris rugicollis
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Apodiphus amygdali
leaf vagrant Miridae Heterotoma merioptera
predator Anthocoridae Anthocoris nemoralis
predator Miridae Campyloneura virgula
predator Miridae Heterotoma planicornis
predator Miridae Heterotoma diversipes
leaf vagrant Coreidae Gonocerus insidiator
leaf vagrant Coreidae Plinachtus imitator
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Placotettix taeniatifrons
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia lentiscata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Colotois pennaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Agriopis bajaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Agriopis marginaria
leaf scale Coccidae Ceroplastes floridensis
leaf vagrant Pieridae Gonepteryx farinosa
scale Diaspididae Chrysomphalus dictyospermi
stem scale Margarodidae Icerya purchasi
stem scale Diaspididae Dynaspidiotus britannicus
stem borer Cerambycidae Deroplia troberti
stem scale Coccidae Ceroplastes rusci
leaf vagrant Erebidae Ophiusa tirhaca
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Streblote panda
leaf vagrant doubtful Euteliidae Eutelia adoratrix
leaf vagrant Euteliidae Eutelia adulatrix
leaf vagrant Notodontidae Thaumetopoea solitaria
leaf vagrant Erebidae Lymantria dispar
leaf vagrant Erebidae Orgyia trigotephras
leaf vagrant Erebidae Parocneria terebinthi
leaf vagrant Erebidae Ocneria rubea
leaf vagrant Geometridae Menophra abruptaria
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeodera prunneri
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia hungarica
fruit borer Torymidae Megastigmus pistaciae
flower borer Eurytomidae Eurytoma plotnikovi
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeoderella virgulata
stem borer doubtful Buprestidae Agrilus derasofasciatus
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia thalassophila
stem borer Buprestidae Melanophila cuspidata
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeoderella adspersula
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeodera simulans
stem borer Buprestidae Capnodis cariosa
stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus sylviae
stem borer doubtful Buprestidae Galbella felix
stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus marozzinii
root borer Buprestidae Perotis unicolor
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia umbellatarum
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Hespericerus brusinae
leaf vagrant Issidae Latilica maculipes
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Bugraia ocularis
stem borer Curculionidae Carphoborus perrisi
leaf vagrant Issidae Latilica tunetana
stem borer Curculionidae Chaetoptelius vestitus
stem borer Curculionidae Phloeotribus scarabaeoides
unknown unknown Rhynchitidae Auletobius gaditanus
leaf vagrant Phlaeothripidae Compsothrips albosignatus
unknown unknown Chrysomelidae Psylliodes algirica
leaf vagrant adult Chrysomelidae Ochrosis ventralis
unknown unknown Tortricidae Lozotaenia mabilliana
inquiline Pyralidae Alophia combustella
leaf hidden Tortricidae Lozotaenia cupidinana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Adoxophyes orana
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Cenopalpus pistaciae
leaf scale Coccidae Lichtensia viburni
stem scale Coccidae Saissetia oleae
stem scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes ulmi
leaf scale Diaspididae Aspidiotus nerii
systemic scale Diaspididae Parlatoria pergandii
leaf gall spring generation doubtful Aphididae Baizongia pistaciae
leaf gall spring generation doubtful Aphididae Geoica utricularia
flower gall Eriophyidae Aceria pistaciae
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Aploneura lentisci
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria stefanii
leaf gall Psyllidae Agonoscena cisti
leaf gall Psyllidae Agonoscena pistaciae
leaf gall main Psyllidae Agonoscena targionii
leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia coruscans
leaf miner Nepticulidae Acalyptris minimella
leaf miner doubtful Nepticulidae Simplimorpha promissa
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Pileolaria terebinthi


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 31.xii.2023