Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Pistacia terebinthus

terebinth, turpentine tree

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
stem scale Coccidae Anapulvinaria pistaciae
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Calomicrus malkini
leaf predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips versicolor
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips intermedius
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips meridionalis
leaf vagrant Thripidae Thrips major
stem vagrant Dictyopharidae Dictyophara xiphias
stem vagrant Issidae Bubastia suturalis
leaf gall Aphrophoridae Philaenus spumarius
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Niphona picticornis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Glaphyra umbellatarum
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Trichoferus holosericeus
stem borer Cerambycidae Trichoferus fasciculatus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Gracilia minuta
leaf gall Aphididae Geoica utricularia
leaf scale Diaspididae Aspidiotus nerii
unknown scale Diaspididae Diaspis syriaca
unknown scale Diaspididae Epidiaspis gennadii
leaf scale Diaspididae Mercetaspis halli
leaf scale Diaspididae Suturaspis davatchi
leaf vagrant Pyralidae Pleuroptya balteata
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Zyginella pulchra
stem scale Coccidae Ceroplastes japonicus
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Pseudocercospora pistacina
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria pistaciarum
unknown unknown Gelechiidae Palumbina guerinii
predator Eurytomidae Sycophila pistacina
unknown unknown Gelechiidae Teleiopsis terebinthinella
predator Eulophidae Melittobia acasta
leaf predator Pentatomidae Acrosternum heegeri
leaf vagrant Miridae Phytocoris longipennis
leaf vagrant Miridae Closterotomus picturatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Heterocordylus carbonellus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Palomena viridissima
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Mustha longispinis
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Pausias martini
leaf vagrant Miridae Heterotoma merioptera
leaf vagrant Pieridae Gonepteryx farinosa
stem scale Coccidae Ceroplastes rusci
leaf vagrant Erebidae Ophiusa tirhaca
leaf vagrant doubtful Euteliidae Eutelia adoratrix
leaf vagrant Euteliidae Eutelia adulatrix
leaf vagrant Notodontidae Thaumetopoea solitaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Colotois pennaria
leaf vagrant Erebidae Parocneria terebinthi
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia hungarica
fruit borer Torymidae Megastigmus pistaciae
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia thalassophila
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia umbellatarum
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia cichorii
stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus marozzinii
stem borer Curculionidae Chaetoptelius vestitus
stem borer Curculionidae Carphoborus perrisi
stem scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes pistaciae
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Carpatolechia decorella
inquiline Pyralidae Alophia combustella
stem scale Coccidae Saissetia oleae
leaf gall spring generation doubtful Aphididae Forda riccobonii
flower gall Eriophyidae Aceria pistaciae
leaf down Erysiphales Phyllactinia pistaciae
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Baizongia pistaciae
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Forda formicaria
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Forda marginata
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Geoica utricularia
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Paracletus cimiciformis
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria stefanii
leaf gall Psyllidae Agonoscena pistaciae
leaf gall Psyllidae Megagonoscena gallicola
leaf gall Psyllidae Megagonoscena viridis
leaf gall Psyllidae Agonoscena targionii
leaf miner Gracillariidae Cupedia cupediella
leaf miner rarely Nepticulidae Acalyptris minimella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Acalyptris pistaciae
leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia terebinthivora
leaf miner Nepticulidae Simplimorpha promissa
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Pileolaria terebinthi


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 25.i.2024