Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Pistacia vera

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
unknownunknownGelechiidaePalumbina guerinii
predatorEurytomidaeSycophila pistacina
unknownunknownGelechiidaeTeleiopsis terebinthinella
predatorEupelmidaeEupelmus pistaciae
stemscaleCoccidaeAnapulvinaria pistaciae
fruitvagrantPyralidaeApomyelois ceratoniae
leafvagrantNotodontidaeThaumetopoea solitaria
leafvagrantMiridaeClosterotomus krueperi
leafpredatorPentatomidaeAcrosternum heegeri
leafvagrantMiridaeCampylomma lindbergi
predatorAnthocoridaeAnthocoris minki
rootvagrantdoubtfulCydnidaeAmaurocoris curtus
leafvagrantPentatomidaeApodiphus amygdali
leafvagrantPentatomidaeDolycoris baccarum
leafvagrantPentatomidaePeribalus strictus
leafvagrantPentatomidaeMustha vicina
leafvagrantRhopalidaeLiorhyssus hyalinus
leafvagrantErebidaeOphiusa tirhaca
flowerborerEurytomidaeEurytoma plotnikovi
fruitborerTorymidaeMegastigmus pistaciae
stemborerBuprestidaeCapnodis cariosa
stemborerBuprestidaeAcmaeoderella adspersula
stemborerBuprestidaeAcmaeoderella densisquamis
stemborerBuprestidaeCapnodis cariosa
stemborerBuprestidaeAcmaeoderella adspersula
stemborerBuprestidaeAcmaeoderella densisquamis
stemborerCurculionidaeChaetoptelius vestitus
stemborerCurculionidaeCarphoborus perrisi
leafvagrantPhlaeothripidaeLiothrips austriacus
leafhiddenGelechiidaeCarpatolechia decorella
fruitborerGelechiidaeSchneidereria pistaciella
stemborerGelechiidaeIstrianis femoralis
leafgallspring generationdoubtfulAphididaeBaizongia pistaciae
leafgallspring generationdoubtfulAphididaeGeoica utricularia
leafgallspring generationdoubtfulAphididaeForda formicaria
leafgallspring generationdoubtfulAphididaeForda marginata
leafvagrantTenuipalpidaeCenopalpus pulcher
flowergallEriophyidaeAceria pistaciae
leafdownErysiphalesPhyllactinia pistaciae
leafgallspring generationAphididaeParacletus cimiciformis
leafgallspring generationrarelyAphididaeSmynthurodes betae
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria stefanii
leafgallPsyllidaeAgonoscena pistaciae
leafgallPsyllidaeMegagonoscena gallicola
leafgallPsyllidaeMegagonoscena viridis
leafgallPsyllidaeAgonoscena targionii
leafminerNepticulidaeSimplimorpha promissa
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPileolaria terebinthi


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 9.vii.2022