Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Pistacia vera

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
stem scale Coccidae Saissetia oleae
unknown scale Coccidae Eulecanium rugulosum
stem scale Coccidae Eulecanium tiliae
leaf vagrant adult Cercopidae Cercopis intermedia
leaf gall Aphididae Geoica utricularia
stem scale Diaspididae Leucaspis riccae
unknown scale Diaspididae Diaspis syriaca
unknown scale Diaspididae Epidiaspis gennadii
stem scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes pistaciae
leaf scale Diaspididae Mercetaspis halli
unknown scale Diaspididae Salicicola kermanensis
leaf scale Diaspididae Suturaspis davatchi
leaf scale Diaspididae Suturaspis pistaciae
systemic scale Diaspididae Parlatoria oleae
leaf vagrant Tingidae Monosteira unicostata
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Tenuipalpus granati
stem scale Coccidae Ceroplastes rusci
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Pseudocercospora pistacina
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria pistaciarum
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria protearum
stem kanker Delonicicolaceae Liberomyces pistaciae
unknown unknown Gelechiidae Palumbina guerinii
unknown unknown Gelechiidae Teleiopsis terebinthinella
stem scale Coccidae Anapulvinaria pistaciae
fruit vagrant Pyralidae Apomyelois ceratoniae
leaf vagrant Notodontidae Thaumetopoea solitaria
leaf vagrant Miridae Closterotomus krueperi
leaf predator Pentatomidae Acrosternum heegeri
leaf vagrant Miridae Campylomma lindbergi
predator Anthocoridae Anthocoris minki
root vagrant doubtful Cydnidae Amaurocoris curtus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Apodiphus amygdali
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Dolycoris baccarum
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Peribalus strictus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Mustha vicina
leaf vagrant Rhopalidae Liorhyssus hyalinus
leaf vagrant Erebidae Ophiusa tirhaca
flower borer Eurytomidae Eurytoma plotnikovi
fruit borer Torymidae Megastigmus pistaciae
stem borer Buprestidae Capnodis cariosa
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeoderella adspersula
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeoderella densisquamis
stem borer Buprestidae Capnodis cariosa
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeoderella adspersula
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeoderella densisquamis
stem borer Curculionidae Chaetoptelius vestitus
stem borer Curculionidae Carphoborus perrisi
leaf vagrant Phlaeothripidae Liothrips austriacus
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Carpatolechia decorella
fruit borer Gelechiidae Schneidereria pistaciella
stem borer Gelechiidae Istrianis femoralis
leaf gall spring generation doubtful Aphididae Baizongia pistaciae
leaf gall spring generation doubtful Aphididae Geoica utricularia
leaf gall spring generation doubtful Aphididae Forda formicaria
leaf gall spring generation doubtful Aphididae Forda marginata
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Cenopalpus pulcher
flower gall Eriophyidae Aceria pistaciae
leaf down Erysiphales Phyllactinia pistaciae
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Paracletus cimiciformis
leaf gall spring generation rarely Aphididae Smynthurodes betae
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria stefanii
leaf gall Psyllidae Agonoscena pistaciae
leaf gall Psyllidae Megagonoscena gallicola
leaf gall Psyllidae Megagonoscena viridis
leaf gall Psyllidae Agonoscena targionii
leaf miner Nepticulidae Simplimorpha promissa
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Pileolaria terebinthi


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 25.i.2024