Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Schinus molle

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf scale Diaspididae Parlatoreopsis longispina
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Nezara viridula
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Acrosternum rubescens
leaf vagrant Coreidae Plinachtus imitator
leaf vagrant Thripidae Retithrips syriacus
leaf scale Coccidae Saissetia coffeae
scale Diaspididae Hemiberlesia lataniae
stem scale Diaspididae Diaspidiotus uvae
leaf vagrant Erebidae Ophiusa tirhaca
stem scale Coccidae Ceroplastes rusci
stem scale Coccidae Ceroplastes sinensis
fruit borer Torymidae Megastigmus transvaalensis
stem borer Buprestidae Capnodis cariosa
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Empoasca decedens
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Sophonia orientalis
leaf hidden Tortricidae Choristoneura simonyi
leaf gall Calophyidae Calophya schini
leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia coruscans


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


To filter the table above, add a text to the search field (top right of the table).
To sort a column click on an arrow after the column name (both ascending and descending).
Sort multiple columns with Shift + click on the arrows.


The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified