Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Acer

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantNoctuidaeMelanchra persicariae
leafvagrantNoctuidaePolia nebulosa
stemscaleCoccidaeCeroplastes japonicus
stemscaleCoccidaeCeroplastes ceriferus
leafvagrantNoctuidaeOrthosia cruda
leafvagrantNoctuidaeEgira conspicillaris
stemborerCerambycidaeCerambyx nodulosus
stemborerCerambycidaeCerambyx scopolii
leafvagrantNoctuidaeOrthosia gothica
leafvagrantNoctuidaeOrthosia cerasi
stemborerCerambycidaeAromia moschata
leafhiddenNoctuidaeAgrochola lota
leafvagrantNoctuidaeJodia croceago
leafhiddenNoctuidaeEupsilia transversa
leafvagrantNoctuidaeConistra vaccinii
leafvagrantNoctuidaeConistra rubiginosa
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAsteroscopus sphinx
leafvagrantNoctuidaeXylena vetusta
leafvagrantNoctuidaeMaraschia grisescens
leafvagrantNoctuidaeOrthosia miniosa
flowervagrantNoctuidaeTiliacea aurago
leafvagrantNoctuidaeDioszeghyana schmidti
leafvagrantNoctuidaeCosmia trapezina
flowervagrantNoctuidaeTiliacea sulphurago
leafvagrantNoctuidaeMormo maura
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAmphipyra pyramidea
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips rosana
leafhiddenTortricidaeHedya nubiferana
leafvagrantrarelyTortricidaeTortrix viridana
leafvagrantNoctuidaeColocasia coryli
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAcronicta alni
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAcronicta aceris
leafvagrantGeometridaeAgriopis bajaria
leafvagrantNotodontidaeParadrymonia vittata
leafvagrantErebidaeEuproctis chrysorrhoea
leafvagrantErebidaeCalliteara pudibunda
leafvagrantErebidaeEuproctis similis
leafvagrantErebidaeLymantria monacha
leafvagrantdoubtfulNotodontidaePtilophora variabilis
leafvagrantdoubtfulNotodontidaePtilophora nebrodensis
leafvagrantNotodontidaePtilodon cucullina
leafvagrantNotodontidaeStauropus fagi
leafvagrantGeometridaeParectropis similaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeCampaea margaritaria
leafvagrantSaturniidaeAglia tau
leafvagrantGeometridaeAlcis repandata
leafvagrantLasiocampidaePoecilocampa populi
leafvagrantNotodontidaePhalera bucephala
leafvagrantGeometridaeBiston betularia
leafvagrantGeometridaeHypomecis punctinalis
leafvagrantGeometridaeCrocallis elinguaria
leafvagrantGeometridaePhigalia pilosaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeColotois pennaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeAngerona prunaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeBiston strataria
leafvagrantNoctuidaeConistra ligula
leafvagrantGeometridaeOpisthograptis luteolata
leafvagrantGeometridaeSelenia dentaria
stemborerCurculionidaeZeuzera pyrina
leafvagrantGeometridaeNothocasis sertata
leafvagrantGeometridaeAcasis viretata
leafvagrantdoubtfulGeometridaeEpirrita dilutata
leafvagrantGeometridaeEctropis crepuscularia
leafvagrantGeometridaeEpirrita christyi
leafvagrantGeometridaeOperophtera brumata
leafvagrantGeometridaeOperophtera fagata
leafvagrantGeometridaeHydrelia flammeolaria
flowervagrantGeometridaeEupithecia inturbata
leafvagrantGeometridaeChloroclysta siterata
leafvagrantGeometridaeDysstroma truncata
leafvagrantGeometridaeErannis defoliaria
leafvagrantdoubtfulGeometridaeScopula nigropunctata
leafvagrantGeometridaeCyclophora albiocellaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeCyclophora lennigiaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeAlsophila aceraria
leafvagrantGeometridaeCyclophora annularia
leafvagrantGeometridaeEnnomos quercinaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeAlsophila aescularia
leafvagrantGeometridaeJodis lactearia
leafvagrantGeometridaeHemithea aestivaria
stemborerBuprestidaeAcmaeodera prunneri
stemborerCurculionidaeHylesinus toranio
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia scutellaris
leafvagrantTingidaePhysatocheila harwoodi
stemborerrarelyBuprestidaeAnthaxia bicolor
stemborerBuprestidaeAcmaeoderella adspersula
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus viridis
stemborerBuprestidaeAcmaeoderella flavofasciata
stemborerBuprestidaeChrysobothris affinis
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus obscuricollis
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia manca
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia cichorii
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus angustulus
stemborerBuprestidaeAcmaeodera pilosellae
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia cebecii
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia oberthuri
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia midas
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora cretica
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora schedli
leafvagrantCicadellidaeCicadella viridis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeFagocyba cruenta
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEdwardsiana frustrator
leafvagrantadultCicadellidaeAllygus mixtus
leafvagrantadultCicadellidaeAllygus modestus
leafvagrantRicaniidaeRicania speculum
leafvagrantIssidaeIssus coleoptratus
stemvagrantIssidaeIssus muscaeformis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEdwardsiana nigriloba
leafvagrantCicadellidaeZygina rhamni
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEurhadina loewii
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEdwardsiana ampliata
leafvagrantCixiidaeCixius nervosus
leafvagrantadultCixiidaeReptalus panzeri
leafvagrantCicadellidaeZygina nivea
stemvagrantAphididaeStomaphis acquerinoi
leafvagrantCicadellidaeLedra aurita
leafvagrantCicadellidaeOssiannilssonola callosa
leafvagrantCicadellidaeArboridia erecta
leafvagrantCixiidaeHyalesthes scotti
leafvagrantIssidaeLatilica maculipes
stemvagrantAphididaeStomaphis knechteli
root collarvagrantrarelyAphididaeStomaphis longirostris
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEdwardsiana lethierryi
leafvagrantCicadellidaeAlebra wahlbergi
leafvagrantCicadellidaeAcericerus heydenii
leafvagrantCicadellidaeAcericerus ribauti
leafvagrantCicadellidaeAcericerus vittifrons
leafvagrantCicadellidaeAguriahana stellulata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeOrientus ishidae
leafvagrantCicadellidaeZyginella pulchra
leafvagrantCicadellidaeJapananus hyalinus
leafminerdoubtfulBucculatricidaeBucculatrix demaryella
stemborerCurculionidaeLymantor coryli
stemborerCurculionidaeLymantor aceris
stemborerCurculionidaeCarphoborus perrisi
stemborerCurculionidaeScolytus rugulosus
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborus dryographus
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborus monographus
stemborerCurculionidaeTrypodendron domesticum
stemborerCurculionidaeTrypodendron signatum
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborus dispar
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborinus saxesenii
stemborerCurculionidaeXylosandrus germanus
inquilineEurytomidaeEurytoma pediaspisi
inquilinePteromalidaeCecidostiba docimus
inquilinePteromalidaeMesopolobus sericeus
inquilineCurculionidaeArcharius vicetinus
leafvagrantTetranychidaeEotetranychus aceri
unknownunknownCurculionidaeBradybatus tomentosus
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeStrophosoma melanogrammum
leafvagrantTetranychidaeEotetranychus coryli
leafvagrantTetranychidaeEotetranychus pruni
stemborerSiricidaeTremex fuscicornis
stemborerSiricidaeTremex alchymista
stemborerSiricidaeTremex magus
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips flavus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora melagonia
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeNeocrepidodera peirolerii
stemscaleCoccidaeParthenolecanium persicae
stemvagrantFlatidaeMetcalfa pruinosa
leaf budhiddenThripidaeTaeniothrips inconsequens
stemborerXiphydryiidaeXiphydria camelus
leafhiddenPamphilidaePamphilius lethierryi
stemgallincertae sedisConiosporium corticale
stemborerXiphydryiidaeXiphydria longicollis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo vespa
stemborerXiphydryiidaeXiphydria prolongata
stemborerXiphydryiidaeXiphydria camelus
leafhiddenPamphilidaePamphilius aurantiacus
leafhiddenPamphilidaePamphilius ignymontiensis
leafhiddenChimabachidaeDiurnea lipsiella
leafhiddenPeleopodidaeCarcina quercana
leafhiddenChimabachidaeDiurnea fagella
stemscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus macedoniensis
stemscaleCoccidaeEulecanium ciliatum
stemscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus aceris
leafhiddenTortricidaeOrthotaenia undulana
leafhiddenGelechiidaeDichomeris ustalella
leafhiddenYpsolophidaeYpsolopha chazariella
leafhiddenGelechiidaeTeleiodes luculella
leafhiddenYpsolophidaeYpsolopha sequella
leafhiddenGelechiidaeCarpatolechia fugitivella
unknownunknownTortricidaeIsotrias hybridana
leafhiddenGelechiidaeAltenia scriptella
leafhiddenrarelyTortricidaeEpinotia abbreviana
unknownunknownGelechiidaeGelechia sestertiella
leafhiddenGelechiidaeAnarsia innoxiella
fruitborerdoubtfulTortricidaePammene fasciana
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis spectrana
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora depressa
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora subbifida
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora tetrica
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips crataegana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips xylosteana
leafhiddenTortricidaeChoristoneura diversana
leafhiddenTortricidaePandemis cinnamomeana
leafhiddenTortricidaePandemis cerasana
fruitborerTortricidaeCydia inquinatana
stemborerTortricidaeCydia leguminana
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips nigropilosus
stemgallHypocrealesNeonectria ditissima
leafhiddenTortricidaePtycholoma lecheana
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis rurinana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAdoxophyes orana
leafhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia incertana
unknownunknowndoubtfulTortricidaeIsotrias rectifasciana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris sparsana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris forsskaleana
fruitborerTortricidaeEupoecilia ambiguella
leafhiddenrarelyTortricidaeAleimma loeflingiana
leafminerIncurvariidaeParaclemensia cyanella
leafhiddendoubtfulTortricidaePtycholomoides aeriferana
stemscaleCoccidaePulvinaria regalis
leafvagrantEriophyidaeCecidophyes siculus
leafvagrantEriophyidaeShevtchenkella stevanovici
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria monspessulerinea
leafvagrantEriophyidaeCecidophyopsis pseudoplatani
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria marshalli
leafvagrantEriophyidaeTegonotus tataricis
leafvagrantDiptilomiopidaeRhyncaphytoptus negundivagrans
leafvagrantAphididaePeriphyllus venetianus
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAnthocoptes transitionalis
leafvagrantDiptilomiopidaeRhyncaphytoptus amplus
leafinquilineEulophidaeAulogymnus aceris
leafgallAphrophoridaePhilaenus spumarius
leafvagrantEriophyidaeShevtchenkella pseudoobtusa
leafvagrantTetranychidaeEotetranychus tiliarium
fruitborerTortricidaePammene aurita
fruitborerTortricidaePammene trauniana
fruitborerTortricidaePammene regiana
leaf budborerlarvaRhynchitidaeNeocoenorrhinus abeillei
fruitborerlarvaCurculionidaeBradybatus fallax
fruitborerlarvaCurculionidaeBradybatus elongatulus
fruitborerlarvaCurculionidaeBradybatus seriesetosus
fruitborerlarvaCurculionidaeBradybatus creutzeri
fruitborerlarvaCurculionidaeBradybatus kellneri
leafgalllarvaRhynchitidaeByctiscus betulae
leafgalllarvaRhynchitidaeChonostropheus tristis
leafgalllarvaRhynchitidaeChonostropheus seminiger
leafminerGracillariidaeParornix carpinella
leafscaleAleyrodidaeNeopealius rubi
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAsterobemisia carpini
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleurochiton aceris
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleurochiton acerinus
leafscalerarelyAleyrodidaeAleurochiton pseudoplatani
stemscaleDiaspididaeLepidosaphes ulmi
stemscaleCoccidaeEulecanium tiliae
stemborerSesiidaeSynanthedon spuleri
stemborerPsilidaeChyliza leptogaster
stemscaleCoccidaePulvinaria regalis
leafscaleCoccidaePulvinaria hydrangeae
stemvagrantAphididaeStomaphis graffii
leafvagrantAphididaePeriphyllus bulgaricus
leafvagrantAphididaeDrepanosiphoniella aceris
leafvagrantAphididaeDrepanosiphoniella fugans
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeAcumyia acericola
fruitminerNepticulidaeEtainia decentella
fruitminerNepticulidaeEtainia louisella
fruitminerNepticulidaeEtainia sericopeza
flowergallmainAphididaePeriphyllus acericola
flowergallAphididaePeriphyllus aceris
flowergallAphididaePeriphyllus testudinaceus
leaf budgallEriophyidaeAceria vermicularis
leaf budgallPsyllidaeRhinocola aceris
leafdownmainErysiphalesSawadaea bicornis
leafdownErysiphalesSawadaea tulasnei
leafdowndoubtfulErysiphalesErysiphe syringae-japonicae
leafdownErysiphalesPhyllactinia marissalii
leafleaf spotmainHelotialesCristulariella depraedans
leafleaf spotRhytismatalesRhytisma acerinum
leafleaf spotTaphrinalesTaphrina acericola
leafleaf spotTaphrinalesTaphrina pseudoplatani
leafgallspring generationAphididaeMimeuria ulmiphila
leafgallCecidomyiidaeAtrichosema aceris
leafgallCecidomyiidaeAcericecis campestre
leafgallCecidomyiidaeAcericecis szepligetii
leafgallCecidomyiidaeAcericecis vitrina
leafgallCecidomyiidaeContarinia acerplicans
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura aceris
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura irregularis
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura rubella
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura tympani
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDrisina glutinosa
leafgalldoubtfulCynipidaePediaspis aceris
leafgallDiaporthalesApiognomonia hystrix
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria calaceris
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria carinifex
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria cephalonea
leafgallEriophyidaeVasates quadripedes
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria lophophyes
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria macrochela
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria macrocheluserinea
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria macrorhyncha
leafgallEriophyidaeCecidophyes gymnaspis
leafgallEriophyidaeCecidophyes monspessulani
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria monspessulani
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria myriadeum
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria opulifolii
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria platanoidea
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria pseudoplatanea
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria pseudoplatani
leafgallEriophyidaeAculops acericola
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria acerismonspessulani
leafgallTaphrinalesTaphrina polyspora
leafminerBucculatricidaeBucculatrix thoracella
leafminerBuprestidaeTrachys minutus
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora badiipennella
leafminerGracillariidaeCaloptilia fribergensis
leafminerGracillariidaeCaloptilia hauderi
leafminerGracillariidaeCaloptilia hemidactylella
leafminerGracillariidaeCaloptilia honoratella
leafminerGracillariidaeCaloptilia jurateae
leafminerGracillariidaeCaloptilia rufipennella
leafminerGracillariidaeCaloptilia semifascia
leafminerGracillariidaeCameraria ohridella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter acerifoliella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter fiumella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter geniculella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter joannisi
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter monspessulanella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter obtusifoliella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter ochreojunctella
leafminerIncurvariidaeVespina slovaciella
leafminerIncurvariidaeIncurvaria oehlmanniella
leafminerIncurvariidaeIncurvaria pectinea
leafminerLyonetiidaeLeucoptera aceris
leafminerLyonetiidaeLeucoptera nieukerkeni
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella aceris
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella speciosa
leafminerdoubtfulNepticulidaeEtainia obtusa
leafminerrarelyRoeslerstammiidaeRoeslerstammia erxlebella
leafminerTenthredinidaeHeterarthrus fiora
leafminerTenthredinidaeHeterarthrus cuneifrons
leafminerTenthredinidaeHeterarthrus cypricus
leafminerTenthredinidaeHeterarthrus flavicollis
leafminerTenthredinidaeHeterarthrus imbrosensis
leafminerTenthredinidaeHeterarthrus leucomela
leafminerTenthredinidaeHeterarthrus wuestneii
leafminermainTenthredinidaeHinatara excisa
leafminerTenthredinidaeHinatara nigripes
leafminerTenthredinidaeHinatara recta
leafvagrantAphididaeDrepanosiphum platanoidis
leafvagrantEriophyidaeShevtchenkella serrata
leafvagrantEriophyidaeCecidophyes campestris
leafvagrantEriophyidaeNeotegonotus fastigatus
stemgallDiaspididaeChionaspis salicis
stemgallEriophyidaeAceria heteronyx
stemgallRhizobialesAgrobacterium tumefaciens
stemgallSantalaceaeViscum album
stemvagrantEriophyidaeShevtchenkella brevisetosa
stemwitches’ broomTaphrinalesTaphrina acerina
inquilineCecidomyiidaeLauthia acerina
inquilineEriophyidaeAculops aceris
inquilineEriophyidaePhyllocoptes dorsalis
inquilineEulophidaeDichatomus acerinus
leafvagrantAphididaePeriphyllus acericola
leafvagrantAphididaePeriphyllus californiensis
stemvagrantPseudococcidaePhenacoccus aceris
fruitvagrantAphididaePeriphyllus hirticornis
leafvagrantmainAphididaePeriphyllus lyropictus
leafvagrantmainAphididaePeriphyllus testudinaceus
leafvagrantAphididaeDrepanosiphum aceris
leafvagrantAphididaeDrepanosiphum acerinum
leafvagrantAphididaeDrepanosiphum dixoni
leafvagrantAphididaeDrepanosiphum oregonensis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
leafvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphum euphorbiae
stemvagrantAphididaePeriphyllus obscurus
stemscaleCoccidaeParthenolecanium corni
stemvagrantAphididaePeriphyllus coracinus
stemscaleCoccidaePulvinaria vitis
stemvagrantAphididaePeriphyllus singeri

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 23.ix.2021