Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Parthenocissus

Parthenocissus virginia creeper

Dichotomous table for leafminers

1a small blotch, from which eventually an oval excision is cut: Antispila oinophylla

1b galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species

Hering (1957a) mentions a case of xenophagy by Callisto denticulella.

Tables for all parasites per species

Last modified 9.x.2017