Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Parthenocissus

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantPentatomidaeHalyomorpha halys
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeTychius picirostris
stemscaleMargarodidaeIcerya purchasi
leafvagrantTenuipalpidaeBrevipalpus lewisi
leafvagrantErebidaeHyphantria cunea
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRagnhildiana ampelopsidis
leafvagrantNoctuidaeCaradrina clavipalpis
leafvagrantGeometridaeCampaea margaritaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeIdaea rusticata
leafvagrantLycaenidaeCelastrina argiolus
leafvagrantZygaenidaeTheresimima ampellophaga
leafvagrantSphingidaeClarina kotschyi
leafvagrantSphingidaeDeilephila elpenor
leafvagrantSphingidaeHippotion celerio
leafvagrantSphingidaeTheretra alecto
stemvagrantFlatidaeMetcalfa pruinosa
leafvagrantCaliscelidaeErasmoneura vulnerata
leafvagrantThripidaeDrepanothrips reuteri
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllocnistis vitegenella
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeAltica ampelophaga
leafvagrantTenuipalpidaeCenopalpus officinalis
stemscaleCoccidaeEulecanium excrescens
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleurocanthus spiniferus
leafdownPeronosporalesPlasmopara viticola
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe necator
leafdownErysiphalesPhyllactinia ampelopsidis
leafdownPeronosporalesPlasmopara muralis
leafminerHeliozelidaeAspilanta oinophylla


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 14.iv.2022