Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Vitis

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
root scale Eriococcidae Anophococcus cingulatus
leaf scale Pseudococcidae Pseudococcus comstocki
unknown unknown Coccidae Coccus pseudomagnoliarum
stem scale Coccidae Saissetia oleae
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Bemisia tabaci
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Simo hirticornis
root vagrant Curculionidae Peritelus sphaeroides
stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus viridis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Hishimonus hamatus
leaf vagrant adult Chrysomelidae Labidostomis lusitanica
leaf vagrant adult Chrysomelidae Tituboea sexmaculata
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Herpisticus laesicollis
flower hidden Adiheterothripidae Holarthrothrips tenuicornis
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips simplex
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus globus
flower hidden Thripidae Chirothrips molestus
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips validus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus ligustici
root vagrant Unknown code! Curculionidae Otiorhynchus ligustici
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips fasciatus
leaf vagrant Phlaeothripidae Liothrips pragensis
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella occidentalis
unknown unknown Thripidae Mycterothrips tschirkunae
leaf vagrant Thripidae Thrips major
flower vagrant Thripidae Thrips euphorbiae
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips hawaiiensis
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips pillichi
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips physapus
unknown predator Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips globiceps
flower predator Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips reuteri
unknown unknown Thripidae Eremiothrips taghizadehi
leaf vagrant Thripidae Mycterothrips albidicornis
leaf hidden Thripidae Thrips tabaci
unknown unknown Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips andresi
unknown unknown Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips knechteli
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips collaris
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips gloriosus
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips intermedius
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella intonsa
flower hidden Thripidae Neohydatothrips gracilicornis
flower hidden Thripidae Oxythrips ajugae
leaf hidden Thripidae Thrips angusticeps
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips meridionalis
leaf bud hidden Thripidae Thrips viminalis
leaf vagrant Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips aculeatus
stem vagrant adult Dictyopharidae Dictyophara europaea
stem hidden Cecidomyiidae Ampelosucta illata
stem vagrant Issidae Agalmatium flavescens
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips vulgatissimus
leaf predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips melaleucus
leaf vagrant Erebidae Ocnogyna parasita
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Glaphyra umbellatarum
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Ropalopus macropus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Xylotrechus chinensis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Chlorophorus figuratus
leaf leaf spot Pleosporaceae Alternaria cinerariae
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Clytus arietis
stem borer Cerambycidae Trichoferus griseus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Ropalopus clavipes
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Clytus rhamni
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Chlorophorus glabromaculatus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Neoclytus acuminatus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Chlorophorus varius
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Crotchiella brachyptera
stem borer Cerambycidae Trichoferus fasciculatus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Deroplia annulicornis
stem borer Cerambycidae Deroplia gertiana
stem borer Cerambycidae Deroplia pilosa
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Poecilium fasciatum
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Xylotrechus arvicola
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Eotetranychus lewisi
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Hesperophanes sericeus
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Bryobia rubrioculus
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Oligonychus perseae
root borer Cerambycidae Vesperus luridus
stem scale Diaspididae Comstockaspis perniciosa
unknown unknown Diaspididae Aonidiella citrina
scale Diaspididae Chrysomphalus dictyospermi
stem scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes pistaciae
systemic scale Diaspididae Parlatoria oleae
leaf scale Coccidae Coccus hesperidum
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleuroclava aucubae
leaf scale Pseudococcidae Heliococcus bohemicus
stem scale Diaspididae Aonidiella aurantii
vagrant Curculionidae Otiorhynchus clavipes
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Lacanobia oleracea
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Otiorhynchus sulcatus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus veterator
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Orientus ishidae
stem kanker Botryosphaeriaceae Neofusicoccum parvum
stem scale Coccidae Neopulvinaria innumerabilis
stem scale Diaspididae Pseudaulacaspis pentagona
root film Helicobasidiaceae Helicobasidium purpureum
root film Ceratobasidiaceae Rhizoctonia solani
systemic pustule Sclerotiniaceae Sclerotinia sclerotiorum
stem kanker Nectriaceae Nectria cinnabarina
stem kanker Nectriaceae Fusarium lateritium
root film Plectosphaerellaceae Verticillium albo-atrum
root film Plectosphaerellaceae Verticillium dahliae
stem kanker Melanconiellaceae Greeneria uvicola
root collar pustule Atheliaceae Athelia rolfsii
leaf leaf spot Pleosporaceae Alternaria vitis
leaf leaf spot Ascomycota incertae sedis Briosia ampelophaga
leaf leaf spot Glomerellaceae Colletotrichum gloeosporioides
leaf leaf spot Elsinoaceae Elsinoë ampelinum
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta badhamii
leaf leaf spot Schizoparmaceae Coniella diplodiella
leaf leaf spot Dothideomycetes incertae sedis Asteromella bizzozeriana
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta viticola
leaf leaf spot Didymellaceae Ascochyta ampelina
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria ampelina
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria vinea
leaf leaf spot Massarinaceae Stagonospora bulgarica
fruit leaf spot Pleosporaceae Macrosporium uvarum
fruit leaf spot Glomerellaceae Colletotrichum crassipes
fruit leaf spot Amphisphaeriaceae Pestalotia uvicola
fruit leaf spot Didymellaceae Ascochyta baccicola
stem kanker Diaporthaceae Diaporthe ampelina
leaf leaf spot Discinellaceae Pseudopezicula tracheiphila
stem kanker Sporocadaceae Seimatosporium lichenicola
leaf leaf spot Sporocadaceae Seimatosporium vitis-viniferae
leaf leaf spot Sporocadaceae Truncatella angustata
root film Xylariaceae Dematophora necatrix
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Passalora dissiliens
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Pseudocercospora vitis
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia vitis
systemic down Sclerotiniaceae Botrytis cinerea
fruit vagrant Pyralidae Apomyelois ceratoniae
stem borer Cossidae Zeuzera pyrina
flower vagrant Miridae Psallus dionysos
fruit vagrant Lygaeidae Nysius cymoides
fruit vagrant Lygaeidae Nysius ericae
fruit vagrant doubtful Lygaeidae Metopoplax ditomoides
flower vagrant Coreidae Leptoglossus gonagra
leaf vagrant Miridae Apolygus spinolae
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Halyomorpha halys
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Nysius senecionis
leaf vagrant Miridae Closterotomus norwegicus
leaf vagrant Miridae Lygus pratensis
predator Miridae Malacocoris chlorizans
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Apodiphus amygdali
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Rhaphigaster nebulosa
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Philopedon plagiatum
leaf vagrant Miridae Heterotoma merioptera
leaf gall Phylloxeridae Viteus vitifoliae
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe necator
root vagrant Cixiidae Hyalesthes obsoletus
root vagrant Curculionidae Otiorhynchus armatus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus corruptor
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus fullo
leaf vagrant Sphingidae Theretra alecto
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus sulcatus
stem scale Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus madeirensis
leaf vagrant Thripidae Retithrips syriacus
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Brevipalpus lilium
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Brevipalpus californicus
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Brevipalpus lilium
vagrant Tenuipalpidae Brevipalpus azores
stem scale Coccidae Ceroplastes rusci
stem borer adult Bostrichidae Schistoceros bimaculatus
scale Diaspididae Hemiberlesia lataniae
scale Diaspididae Hemiberlesia rapax
root scale Rhizoecidae Rhizoecus falcifer
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Brevipalpus obovatus
stem borer Cerambycidae Trichoferus campestris
leaf predator Cecidomyiidae Arthrocnodax vitis
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Noctua fimbriata
root collar vagrant Noctuidae Euxoa aquilina
root vagrant Noctuidae Agrotis ipsilon
stem scale Pseudococcidae Planococcus citri
stem borer Cerambycidae Cerambyx miles
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Noctua pronuba
leaf hidden Tortricidae Epiphyas postvittana
leaf vagrant Erebidae Rhyparia purpurata
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Autographa gamma
leaf vagrant Erebidae Ocnogyna baetica
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Spodoptera exigua
leaf vagrant Pyralidae Cryptoblabes gnidiella
leaf vagrant Sphingidae Deilephila elpenor
leaf vagrant Sphingidae Hippotion celerio
leaf vagrant Sphingidae Theretra alecto
leaf vagrant Sphingidae Clarina kotschyi
leaf vagrant Zygaenidae Theresimima ampellophaga
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia cichorii
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeoderella adspersula
stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus angustulus
stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus derasofasciatus
leaf vagrant Ricaniidae Ricania hedenborgi
leaf vagrant Ricaniidae Ricania speculum
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Arboridia kakogawana
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Osbornellus auronitens
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Phlogotettix cyclops
leaf vagrant Acanaloniidae Acanalonia conica
leaf vagrant Ricaniidae Ricania japonica
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Sophonia orientalis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Empoasca decedens
leaf vagrant adult Cicadellidae Allygidius atomarius
leaf vagrant adult Cicadellidae Allygidius furcatus
leaf vagrant Caliscelidae Erasmoneura vulnerata
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Zyginidia sohrab
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Zygina discolor
leaf vagrant adult Cixiidae Reptalus quinquecostatus
leaf vagrant adult Cixiidae Reptalus panzeri
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Zygina rhamni
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Empoasca vitis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Scaphoideus titanus
stem borer doubtful Curculionidae Xylocleptes bispinus
stem borer Curculionidae Xyleborus dispar
stem borer Curculionidae Xylosandrus germanus
stem borer Curculionidae Hypoborus ficus
stem borer Curculionidae Hypothenemus eruditus
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Eotetranychus rubiphilus
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Eotetranychus carpini
leaf miner Aspilanta oinophylla
unknown unknown Thripidae Rubiothrips vitis
leaf vagrant Thripidae Scirtothrips inermis
leaf vagrant Thripidae Drepanothrips reuteri
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Altica ampelophaga
stem scale Coccidae Parthenolecanium persicae
stem vagrant Flatidae Metcalfa pruinosa
leaf vagrant doubtful Tenthredinidae Macrophya rufipes
stem scale Pseudococcidae Planococcus ficus
stem scale Diaspididae Targionia vitis
leaf hidden Tortricidae Clepsis spectrana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Ditula angustiorana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Argyrotaenia ljungiana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Archips podana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Archips rosana
fruit borer Tortricidae Lobesia botrana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Cnephasia incertana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Sparganothis pilleriana
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Cacoecimorpha pronubana
fruit borer Tortricidae Eupoecilia ambiguella
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Tenuipalpus granati
leaf bud vagrant Eriophyidae Eriophyes vitigineusgemmae
leaf gall larva main Rhynchitidae Byctiscus betulae
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleurodicus dispersus
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleurocanthus spiniferus
leaf scale Diaspididae Aspidiotus nerii
stem scale Diaspididae Diaspidiotus uvae
stem scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes ulmi
root gall Aphididae Aploneura ampelina
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis illinoisensis
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Cenopalpus pulcher
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis spiraecola
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae fabae
root vagrant summer generation doubtful Aphididae Prociphilus oleae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Myzus persicae
systemic borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus dipsaci
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia viticola
leaf down Erysiphales Phyllactinia ampelopsidis
leaf down Peronosporales Plasmopara viticola
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Vitisiella oenephila
leaf gall Eriophyidae Calepitrimerus vitis
leaf gall Eriophyidae Colomerus vitis
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllocnistis vitegenella
leaf miner Heliozelidae Holocacista rivillei
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
stem gall Diaspididae Chionaspis salicis
root gall Longidoridae Paralongidorus maximus
root gall Meloidogynidae Meloidogyne hapla
root gall Meloidogynidae Meloidogyne incognita
root gall Meloidogynidae Meloidogyne javanica
root gall Plasmodiophorales Sorosphaerula viticola
predator Cecidomyiidae Arthrocnodax vitis
predator Cecidomyiidae Lestodiplosis parricida
stem scale Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus aceris
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis gossypii
stem scale Coccidae Parthenolecanium corni
stem scale Coccidae Pulvinaria vitis

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 2.ii.2024