Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Vitis

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafleaf spotMycosphaerellaceaeRamularia vitis
systemicdownSclerotiniaceaeBotrytis cinerea
fruitvagrantPyralidaeApomyelois ceratoniae
stemborerCossidaeZeuzera pyrina
flowervagrantMiridaePsallus dionysos
fruitvagrantLygaeidaeNysius cymoides
fruitvagrantLygaeidaeNysius ericae
fruitvagrantdoubtfulLygaeidaeMetopoplax ditomoides
flowervagrantCoreidaeLeptoglossus gonagra
leafvagrantMiridaeApolygus spinolae
leafvagrantPentatomidaeHalyomorpha halys
leafvagrantLygaeidaeNysius senecionis
leafvagrantMiridaeClosterotomus norwegicus
leafvagrantMiridaeLygus pratensis
predatorMiridaeMalacocoris chlorizans
leafvagrantPentatomidaeApodiphus amygdali
leafvagrantPentatomidaeRhaphigaster nebulosa
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaePhilopedon plagiatum
leafvagrantMiridaeHeterotoma merioptera
leafgallPhylloxeridaeViteus vitifoliae
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe necator
rootvagrantCixiidaeHyalesthes obsoletus
rootvagrantCurculionidaeOtiorhynchus armatus
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeOtiorhynchus corruptor
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeOtiorhynchus fullo
leafvagrantSphingidaeTheretra alecto
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeOtiorhynchus sulcatus
stemscalePseudococcidaePhenacoccus madeirensis
leafvagrantThripidaeRetithrips syriacus
leafvagrantTenuipalpidaeBrevipalpus lilium
leafvagrantTenuipalpidaeBrevipalpus californicus
leafvagrantTenuipalpidaeBrevipalpus lilium
vagrantTenuipalpidaeBrevipalpus azores
stemscaleCoccidaeCeroplastes rusci
stemboreradultBostrichidaeSchistoceros bimaculatus
scaleDiaspididaeHemiberlesia lataniae
scaleDiaspididaeHemiberlesia rapax
rootscaleRhizoecidaeRhizoecus falcifer
leafvagrantTenuipalpidaeBrevipalpus obovatus
stemborerCerambycidaeTrichoferus campestris
leafpredatorCecidomyiidaeArthrocnodax vitis
leafvagrantNoctuidaeNoctua fimbriata
root collarvagrantNoctuidaeEuxoa aquilina
rootvagrantNoctuidaeAgrotis ipsilon
stemscalePseudococcidaePlanococcus citri
stemborerCerambycidaeCerambyx miles
leafvagrantNoctuidaeNoctua pronuba
leafhiddenTortricidaeEpiphyas postvittana
leafvagrantErebidaeRhyparia purpurata
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAutographa gamma
leafvagrantErebidaeOcnogyna baetica
leafvagrantNoctuidaeSpodoptera exigua
leafvagrantPyralidaeCryptoblabes gnidiella
leafvagrantSphingidaeDeilephila elpenor
leafvagrantSphingidaeHippotion celerio
leafvagrantSphingidaeTheretra alecto
leafvagrantSphingidaeClarina kotschyi
leafvagrantZygaenidaeTheresimima ampellophaga
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia cichorii
stemborerBuprestidaeAcmaeoderella adspersula
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus angustulus
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus derasofasciatus
leafvagrantRicaniidaeRicania hedenborgi
leafvagrantRicaniidaeRicania speculum
leafvagrantCicadellidaeArboridia kakogawana
leafvagrantCicadellidaeOsbornellus auronitens
leafvagrantCicadellidaePhlogotettix cyclops
leafvagrantAcanaloniidaeAcanalonia conica
leafvagrantRicaniidaeRicania japonica
leafvagrantCicadellidaeSophonia orientalis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEmpoasca decedens
leafvagrantadultCicadellidaeAllygidius atomarius
leafvagrantadultCicadellidaeAllygidius furcatus
leafvagrantCaliscelidaeErasmoneura vulnerata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeZyginidia sohrab
leafvagrantCicadellidaeZygina discolor
leafvagrantadultCixiidaeReptalus quinquecostatus
leafvagrantadultCixiidaeReptalus panzeri
leafvagrantCicadellidaeZygina rhamni
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEmpoasca vitis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeScaphoideus titanus
stemborerdoubtfulCurculionidaeXylocleptes bispinus
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborus dispar
stemborerCurculionidaeXylosandrus germanus
stemborerCurculionidaeHypoborus ficus
stemborerCurculionidaeHypothenemus eruditus
leafvagrantTetranychidaeEotetranychus rubiphilus
leafvagrantTetranychidaeEotetranychus carpini
leafminerAspilanta oinophylla
unknownunknownThripidaeRubiothrips vitis
leafvagrantThripidaeScirtothrips inermis
leafvagrantThripidaeDrepanothrips reuteri
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeAltica ampelophaga
stemscaleCoccidaeParthenolecanium persicae
stemvagrantFlatidaeMetcalfa pruinosa
leafvagrantdoubtfulTenthredinidaeMacrophya rufipes
stemscalePseudococcidaePlanococcus ficus
rootscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus cingulatus
stemscaleDiaspididaeTargionia vitis
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis spectrana
leafhiddenTortricidaeDitula angustiorana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArgyrotaenia ljungiana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips podana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips rosana
fruitborerTortricidaeLobesia botrana
leafhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia incertana
leafhiddenTortricidaeSparganothis pilleriana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafhiddenTortricidaeCacoecimorpha pronubana
fruitborerTortricidaeEupoecilia ambiguella
leafvagrantTenuipalpidaeTenuipalpus granati
leaf budvagrantEriophyidaeEriophyes vitigineusgemmae
leafgalllarvamainRhynchitidaeByctiscus betulae
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleurodicus dispersus
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleurocanthus spiniferus
leafscaleDiaspididaeAspidiotus nerii
stemscaleDiaspididaeDiaspidiotus uvae
stemscaleDiaspididaeLepidosaphes ulmi
rootgallAphididaeAploneura ampelina
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis illinoisensis
leafvagrantTenuipalpidaeCenopalpus pulcher
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis spiraecola
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
rootvagrantsummer generationdoubtfulAphididaeProciphilus oleae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMyzus persicae
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
flowergallCecidomyiidaeContarinia viticola
leafdownErysiphalesPhyllactinia ampelopsidis
leafdownPeronosporalesPlasmopara viticola
leafgallCecidomyiidaeVitisiella oenephila
leafgallEriophyidaeCalepitrimerus vitis
leafgallEriophyidaeColomerus vitis
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllocnistis vitegenella
leafminerHeliozelidaeHolocacista rivillei
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
stemgallDiaspididaeChionaspis salicis
rootgallLongidoridaeParalongidorus maximus
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne hapla
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne incognita
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne javanica
rootgallPlasmodiophoralesSorosphaerula viticola
predatorCecidomyiidaeArthrocnodax vitis
predatorCecidomyiidaeLestodiplosis parricida
stemscalePseudococcidaePhenacoccus aceris
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis gossypii
stemscaleCoccidaeParthenolecanium corni
stemscaleCoccidaePulvinaria vitis

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 31.vii.2022