Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Vitis vinifera

grape-vine

synonym: Vitis vinifera subsp. sylvestris

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeAltica ampelophaga
stemscaleCoccidaeParthenolecanium persicae
stemvagrantFlatidaeMetcalfa pruinosa
stemscalePseudococcidaePlanococcus ficus
stemscaleDiaspididaeTargionia vitis
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis spectrana
leafhiddenTortricidaeDitula angustiorana
fruitborerTortricidaeLobesia botrana
leafvagrantTortricidaeCacoecimorpha pronubana
leafvagrantTortricidaeArgyrotaenia ljungiana
fruitborerTortricidaeEupoecilia ambiguella
leafvagrantTenuipalpidaeTenuipalpus granati
leaf budvagrantEriophyidaeEriophyes vitigineusgemmae
leafgalllarvamainRhynchitidaeByctiscus betulae
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleurodicus dispersus
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleurocanthus spiniferus
stemscaleCoccidaePulvinaria vitis
stemscaleDiaspididaeDiaspidiotus uvae
stemscaleDiaspididaeLepidosaphes ulmi
rootgallAphididaeAploneura ampelina
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis illinoisensis
leafvagrantTenuipalpidaeBrevipalpus lewisi
leafvagrantTenuipalpidaeCenopalpus pulcher
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis spiraecola
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
rootvagrantsummer generationdoubtfulAphididaeProciphilus oleae
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
flowergallCecidomyiidaeContarinia viticola
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe necator
leafdownErysiphalesPhyllactinia ampelopsidis
leafdownPeronosporalesPlasmopara viticola
leafgallCecidomyiidaeVitisiella oenephila
leafgallEriophyidaeCalepitrimerus vitis
leafgallEriophyidaeColomerus vitis
leafgallPhylloxeridaeViteus vitifoliae
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllocnistis vitegenella
leafminerHeliozelidaeAntispila oinophylla
leafminerHeliozelidaeHolocacista rivillei
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
stemgallDiaspididaeChionaspis salicis
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne hapla
rootgallPlasmodiophoralesSorosphaerula viticola
stemscalePseudococcidaePhenacoccus aceris
stemscaleCoccidaeParthenolecanium corni
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMyzus persicae
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis gossypii

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 24.vii.2020