grape-vine

synonym: Vitis vinifera subsp. sylvestris

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
fruit borer Tortricidae Lobesia botrana
leaf vagrant Tortricidae Cacoecimorpha pronubana
leaf vagrant Tortricidae Argyrotaenia ljungiana
fruit borer Tortricidae Eupoecilia ambiguella
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Tenuipalpus granati
leaf bud vagrant Eriophyidae Eriophyes vitigineusgemmae
leaf gall larva main Rhynchitidae Byctiscus betulae
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleurodicus dispersus
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleurocanthus spiniferus
stem scale Coccidae Pulvinaria vitis
stem scale Diaspididae Diaspidiotus uvae
stem scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes ulmi
leaf vagrant Tortricidae Ditula angustiorana
root gall Aphididae Aploneura ampelina
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis illinoisensis
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Brevipalpus lewisi
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Cenopalpus pulcher
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis spiraecola
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae fabae
root vagrant summer generation doubtful Aphididae Prociphilus oleae
systemic borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus dipsaci
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia viticola
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe necator
leaf down Erysiphales Phyllactinia ampelopsidis
leaf down Peronosporales Plasmopara viticola
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Vitisiella oenephila
leaf gall Eriophyidae Calepitrimerus vitis
leaf gall Eriophyidae Colomerus vitis
leaf gall Phylloxeridae Viteus vitifoliae
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllocnistis vitegenella
leaf miner Heliozelidae Antispila oinophylla
leaf miner Heliozelidae Holocacista rivillei
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
stem gall Diaspididae Chionaspis salicis
root gall Meloidogynidae Meloidogyne hapla
root gall Plasmodiophorales Sorosphaera viticola
stem scale Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus aceris
stem scale Coccidae Parthenolecanium corni
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Myzus persicae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis gossypii

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

mod 26.x.2019