Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Persea

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafleaf spotPhyllostictaceaePhyllosticta micropuncta
stemscaleCoccidaeCeroplastes sinensis
stemscaleCoccidaeParthenolecanium persicae
leafscaleCoccidaeSaissetia coffeae
stemscaleCoccidaeSaissetia oleae
scaleDiaspididaeHemiberlesia cyanophylli
leafscaleDiaspididaeAspidiotus nerii
scaleDiaspididaeChrysomphalus dictyospermi
leafscaleDiaspididaeIschnaspis longirostris
stemscalePseudococcidaePlanococcus citri
stemscalePseudococcidaePlanococcus ficus
stemscalePseudococcidaePseudococcus longispinus
scaleDiaspididaeAonidiella lauretorum
stemscalePseudococcidaePseudococcus calceolariae
leafhiddenTortricidaeEpiphyas postvittana
leafvagrantCicadellidaeSophonia orientalis
leafvagrantCicadellidaePenthimiola bella
leafvagrantTetranychidaeEutetranychus orientalis
leafvagrantThripidaeHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis
flowerhiddenPhlaeothripidaeHaplothrips gowdeyi
leafminerGracillariidaeCaloptilia perseae
leafscaleAleyrodidaeParaleyrodes citricolus
leafscaleAleyrodidaeParaleyrodes bondari
leafscaleAleyrodidaeParabemisia myricae
leafscaleAleyrodidaeTrialeurodes vaporariorum
leafscaleAleyrodidaeParaleyrodes minei
leafscaleAleyrodidaeBemisia tabaci
leafscaleAleyrodidaeBemisia afer
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleuroplatus perseaphagus
leafscaleAleyrodidaeBemisia lauracea
leafscaleCoccidaeProtopulvinaria pyriformis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis gossypii
leafgallTriozidaeTrioza alacris
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis spiraecola
leafminerGracillariidaeCaloptilia staintoni


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 30.ix.2022